The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Which Party Had Most Members of Congress Before the Election 1958-2012
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'Incorrect, DK/No'


  % OF GROUP: '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Males 42 28 ** 28 21 23 39 24 ** 24 30 18 56 36 58 29 41 30 24 21 28 39 63 42 51 24
Females 62 44 ** 43 38 36 59 45 ** 50 49 37 78 52 74 49 60 50 35 32 40 57 79 51 67 31
  '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Whites non-Hispanic 50 32 ** 33 27 28 48 36 ** 38 37 25 66 41 64 35 46 35 25 22 32 47 71 43 57 26
Black non-Hispanic 75 73 ** 61 54 46 72 41 ** 55 58 50 82 64 75 58 68 66 51 51 38 63 71 52 73 31
Hispanic ** ** ** ** 62 57 43 30 ** 59 71 55 92 58 80 58 68 57 46 33 45 63 83 51 67 36
Race oth/mult non-Hisp ** ** ** ** 25 50 88 13 ** 31 48 18 82 61 70 61 57 38 35 35 36 43 79 52 60 31
  '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 67 55 ** 53 47 46 62 50 ** 58 56 49 84 72 83 61 68 65 56 47 54 80 88 57 71 31
High School Diploma 53 35 ** 37 31 33 55 43 ** 46 48 34 79 53 74 52 61 54 42 35 45 62 78 57 73 33
Some College, no Degree 36 14 ** 23 15 17 34 20 ** 29 32 19 63 34 66 31 48 32 21 24 29 46 73 47 60 31
College Degree/ Post-grad 23 11 ** 10 6 10 22 14 ** 11 16 12 41 21 43 16 22 17 6 11 15 26 59 27 40 19
  '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Income 0-16 Percentile 73 58 ** 52 47 47 70 53 ** 60 58 51 80 69 81 63 70 70 51 47 48 66 ** 59 72 37
Income 17-33 Percentile 65 49 ** 40 38 38 65 42 ** 47 48 31 74 50 74 51 55 48 37 33 41 58 ** 54 68 31
Income 34-67 Percentile 49 31 ** 35 31 27 49 39 ** 41 38 23 67 40 65 40 51 39 29 25 36 47 ** 44 62 29
Income 68-95 Percentile 39 28 ** 27 20 20 38 22 ** 26 32 17 63 34 57 25 41 25 18 15 26 35 ** 37 45 21
Income 96-100 Percentile 28 11 ** 17 10 18 22 18 ** 14 16 17 44 22 45 20 30 18 6 11 18 36 ** 25 45 19
  '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Professionals 31 17 ** 17 ** 14 32 14 ** 21 24 16 49 25 51 22 31 25 12 14 19 32 ** 30 ** **
White Collar 45 25 ** 30 ** 28 52 33 ** 36 40 28 71 43 68 34 53 41 24 26 34 54 ** 52 ** **
Blue Collar 58 41 ** 43 ** 32 55 43 ** 42 48 34 78 54 75 52 59 49 39 33 44 62 ** 53 ** **
Unskilled 63 53 ** 35 ** 45 50 38 ** 42 53 33 64 68 69 64 54 51 56 45 36 68 ** 66 ** **
Farmers 54 43 ** 44 ** 45 55 32 ** 52 36 32 73 50 75 36 62 47 35 36 31 56 ** 53 ** **
Housewives 62 44 ** 43 ** 39 58 47 ** 53 48 37 76 54 70 55 58 49 42 40 46 55 ** 51 ** **
  '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Union Households 59 39 ** 39 32 33 52 39 ** 35 40 25 73 42 67 36 48 38 25 24 33 49 81 40 61 26
Non-Union Households 51 35 ** 35 30 30 50 35 ** 41 41 30 67 45 67 42 52 41 31 27 35 49 70 48 60 28
  '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
South 54 40 ** 33 35 29 50 40 ** 44 43 31 70 55 68 50 58 48 37 34 38 53 70 47 60 28
Nonsouth 52 35 ** 37 29 31 51 35 ** 38 40 28 68 41 66 36 48 38 26 23 32 48 73 46 60 28
  '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 41
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 54 60 40 46 67 78 59 71 34
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 69 45 78 62 79 62 70 54 41 33 43 50 74 48 62 29
Born 1943-1958 ** ** ** 29 30 30 54 42 ** 47 48 29 69 41 67 40 47 37 21 24 30 45 68 38 54 22
Born 1927-1942 63 45 ** 38 29 32 49 34 ** 32 32 21 67 40 60 33 41 31 21 22 25 39 72 40 46 23
Born 1911-1926 51 33 ** 34 28 26 48 33 ** 36 36 27 64 37 61 26 38 34 22 18 23 53 68 49 50 19
Born 1895-1910 45 33 ** 37 33 30 51 34 ** 39 35 32 69 60 64 37 45 49 35 47 53 90 100 ** ** **
Born before 1895 56 40 ** 33 37 51 51 48 ** 47 56 70 67 0 100 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Democrats (incl leaners) 54 36 ** 38 32 31 55 37 ** 40 41 30 71 46 69 42 50 45 34 28 31 49 72 43 63 27
Independents 58 43 ** 48 42 39 55 53 ** 54 63 45 83 64 82 58 77 52 47 45 60 73 79 68 79 35
Republicans (incl leaners) 46 29 ** 27 22 25 40 29 ** 31 28 20 58 37 58 34 44 32 19 20 31 42 70 44 49 27
  '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Liberals ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 26 ** 28 36 18 57 31 60 39 36 32 17 22 22 45 68 35 55 22
Moderates ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 29 ** 39 34 28 67 45 68 38 53 37 30 27 37 50 69 53 65 33
Conservatives ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 25 ** 21 26 18 58 31 55 27 35 29 18 16 25 35 69 35 44 27

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
....................

Table 1C.1.1
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 26OCT15)