The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

How to Use                                                                                            List of Tables



Which Party Had Most Members of Congress Before the Election 1958-2012
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'Correct'


  % OF GROUP: '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Males 58 72 ** 72 79 77 61 76 ** 76 70 82 44 64 42 71 59 70 76 79 72 61 37 58 49 76
Females 38 56 ** 57 62 64 41 55 ** 50 51 63 22 48 26 51 40 50 65 68 60 43 21 49 33 69
  '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Whites non-Hispanic 50 68 ** 67 73 72 52 64 ** 62 63 75 34 59 36 65 54 65 75 78 68 53 29 57 43 74
Black non-Hispanic 25 27 ** 39 46 54 28 59 ** 45 42 50 18 36 25 42 32 34 49 49 62 37 29 48 27 69
Hispanic ** ** ** ** 38 43 57 70 ** 41 29 45 8 42 20 42 32 43 54 67 55 37 17 49 33 64
Race oth/mult non-Hisp ** ** ** ** 75 50 13 88 ** 69 52 82 18 39 30 39 43 62 65 65 64 57 21 48 40 69
  '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 33 45 ** 47 53 54 38 50 ** 42 44 51 16 28 17 39 32 35 44 53 46 20 12 43 29 69
High School Diploma 47 65 ** 63 69 67 45 57 ** 54 52 66 21 47 26 48 39 46 58 65 55 38 22 43 27 67
Some College, no Degree 64 86 ** 77 85 83 66 80 ** 71 68 81 37 66 34 69 52 68 79 76 71 54 27 53 40 69
College Degree/ Post-grad 77 89 ** 90 94 90 78 86 ** 89 84 88 59 79 57 84 78 83 94 89 85 74 41 73 60 81
  '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Income 0-16 Percentile 27 42 ** 48 53 53 30 47 ** 40 42 49 20 32 19 37 30 30 49 53 52 34 ** 41 28 63
Income 17-33 Percentile 35 51 ** 60 62 62 35 58 ** 53 52 69 26 50 26 49 45 52 63 67 59 42 ** 46 32 69
Income 34-67 Percentile 51 69 ** 65 69 73 51 62 ** 59 62 77 33 60 35 60 49 61 71 75 64 53 ** 56 38 71
Income 68-95 Percentile 61 72 ** 73 80 80 62 78 ** 74 68 83 37 66 43 75 59 75 82 85 74 65 ** 63 55 79
Income 96-100 Percentile 72 89 ** 83 90 82 78 82 ** 86 84 83 56 78 55 80 70 82 94 89 82 64 ** 75 55 81
  '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Professionals 69 84 ** 83 ** 86 68 86 ** 79 76 84 51 75 49 78 69 75 88 86 81 68 ** 70 ** **
White Collar 55 75 ** 70 ** 72 48 67 ** 64 60 72 29 57 32 66 47 59 76 74 66 46 ** 48 ** **
Blue Collar 42 59 ** 57 ** 68 45 57 ** 58 52 66 22 46 25 48 41 51 61 67 56 38 ** 47 ** **
Unskilled 38 47 ** 65 ** 55 50 63 ** 58 47 68 36 32 31 36 46 49 44 55 64 32 ** 34 ** **
Farmers 46 57 ** 56 ** 55 45 68 ** 48 64 68 27 50 25 64 38 53 65 64 69 44 ** 47 ** **
Housewives 38 56 ** 57 ** 61 42 53 ** 47 52 63 24 46 30 45 42 51 58 60 54 45 ** 49 ** **
  '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Union Households 41 61 ** 61 68 67 48 61 ** 65 60 75 27 58 33 64 52 62 75 76 67 51 19 60 39 74
Non-Union Households 49 65 ** 65 70 70 50 65 ** 59 59 70 33 55 33 58 48 59 69 73 65 51 30 52 40 72
  '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
South 46 60 ** 67 65 71 50 60 ** 56 57 69 30 45 32 50 42 52 63 66 62 47 30 53 40 72
Nonsouth 48 65 ** 63 71 69 49 65 ** 62 60 72 32 59 34 64 52 62 74 77 68 52 27 54 40 72
  '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 59
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 46 40 60 54 33 22 41 29 66
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 31 55 22 38 21 38 30 46 59 67 57 50 26 52 38 71
Born 1943-1958 ** ** ** 71 70 70 46 58 ** 53 52 71 31 59 33 60 53 63 79 77 70 55 32 62 46 78
Born 1927-1942 37 55 ** 62 71 68 51 66 ** 68 68 79 33 60 40 67 59 69 79 78 75 61 28 60 54 77
Born 1911-1926 49 67 ** 66 72 74 52 67 ** 64 64 73 36 63 39 74 62 66 79 82 77 47 32 51 50 81
Born 1895-1910 55 67 ** 63 67 70 49 66 ** 61 65 68 31 40 36 63 55 51 65 53 47 10 0 ** ** **
Born before 1895 44 60 ** 67 63 49 49 52 ** 53 44 30 33 100 0 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Democrats (incl leaners) 46 64 ** 62 68 69 45 63 ** 60 59 70 29 54 31 58 50 55 66 72 69 51 28 57 37 73
Independents 42 57 ** 52 58 61 45 47 ** 46 38 55 17 36 18 42 23 48 53 55 40 27 21 32 21 65
Republicans (incl leaners) 54 71 ** 73 78 75 60 71 ** 69 72 80 42 63 42 66 56 68 81 80 69 58 30 56 51 73
  '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Liberals ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 74 ** 72 64 82 43 69 40 61 64 68 83 78 78 55 32 65 45 78
Moderates ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 71 ** 61 66 72 33 55 32 62 48 63 70 73 63 50 31 47 35 67
Conservatives ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 75 ** 79 74 82 42 69 45 73 65 71 82 84 75 65 31 65 56 73

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
....................

Table 1C.1.2
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 26OCT15)