The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Strength of Partisanship 1952-2012
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'Strong Partisan'


  % OF GROUP: '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Males 37 37 35 42 34 36 39 30 29 30 25 25 22 20 27 29 29 29 29 29 29 30 29 28 32 31 28 29 31
Females 34 33 36 34 38 35 37 26 30 28 25 27 25 25 26 30 30 28 33 30 29 30 31 31 31 31 38 34 37
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Whites non-Hispanic 35 ** 36 38 37 35 36 27 27 28 24 24 23 21 23 27 29 26 30 28 28 29 28 26 30 29 34 30 32
Black non-Hispanic 36 ** 34 39 32 41 54 32 57 43 40 42 36 40 49 52 35 44 40 42 44 42 41 49 46 54 31 50 55
Hispanic ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 31 25 29 21 14 12 18 32 18 22 29 32 31 24 24 31 28 24 18 27 31 33
Race oth/mult non-Hisp ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 0 50 0 11 0 0 12 28 36 20 20 29 15 29 28 27 43 32 35 27 25 24
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 36 37 38 40 41 43 45 34 39 34 34 35 30 38 39 43 39 47 33 42 44 30 31 39 35 37 31 37 35
High School Diploma 34 35 33 35 33 31 35 24 28 27 23 25 23 20 24 30 27 26 29 28 29 25 28 27 29 31 30 30 34
Some College, no Degree 37 30 34 38 39 32 35 27 23 27 23 20 19 21 23 22 27 25 33 26 24 32 29 28 29 28 32 29 34
College Degree/ Post-grad 35 32 40 43 36 39 38 34 29 28 22 24 25 22 26 32 33 30 34 33 31 40 35 32 38 35 39 38 34
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Income 0-16 Percentile 41 39 40 43 42 36 43 26 39 33 29 31 31 29 38 32 30 31 31 33 35 28 31 32 31 ** 28 28 37
Income 17-33 Percentile 36 38 37 36 35 39 41 35 32 29 28 33 28 23 22 33 33 32 30 36 31 31 29 36 29 ** 31 31 33
Income 34-67 Percentile 34 32 31 36 37 33 37 27 29 29 22 22 20 20 23 33 29 26 33 26 27 31 28 25 28 ** 30 30 35
Income 68-95 Percentile 33 32 37 36 32 36 33 28 23 27 26 22 20 17 24 26 27 26 30 27 27 28 28 25 34 ** 36 35 34
Income 96-100 Percentile 36 36 39 54 39 44 41 25 25 37 24 40 32 27 23 32 29 34 34 32 29 39 42 41 33 ** 43 40 30
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Professionals 37 ** 34 41 36 ** 38 ** 25 29 24 21 23 20 24 32 29 30 34 30 29 33 32 32 32 ** 33 ** **
White Collar 33 ** 35 35 38 ** 37 ** 27 27 22 26 23 22 25 25 28 26 33 30 25 31 33 31 31 ** 36 ** **
Blue Collar 38 ** 36 40 35 ** 40 ** 30 30 26 29 24 23 29 31 31 31 29 30 33 25 27 27 31 ** 29 ** **
Unskilled 36 ** 36 46 32 ** 69 ** 48 42 24 24 23 19 23 21 31 23 19 25 23 25 14 32 19 ** 16 ** **
Farmers 39 ** 44 45 44 ** 40 ** 40 37 40 38 31 23 19 43 25 30 26 39 35 42 27 30 31 ** 47 ** **
Housewives 33 ** 35 33 34 ** 35 ** 29 27 25 25 25 26 27 30 29 25 31 29 30 32 31 30 36 ** 42 ** **
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Union Households 35 36 34 41 35 ** 42 27 29 27 25 27 22 22 28 31 29 34 30 32 28 29 30 30 31 27 36 37 36
Non-Union Households 36 34 36 37 37 ** 37 28 30 30 25 25 24 23 26 30 29 27 32 29 29 31 30 29 31 32 32 31 34
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
South 38 ** 36 40 36 34 46 30 31 32 25 26 25 25 29 35 28 30 32 32 32 32 31 30 33 35 36 36 38
Nonsouth 35 ** 35 37 36 36 36 27 29 28 25 26 23 22 25 28 30 28 31 28 28 29 29 29 31 29 32 29 33
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 22
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 23 24 15 18 16 25 23 20 30
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 14 13 15 17 23 24 20 18 24 25 23 27 24 29 34 35
Born 1943-1958 ** ** ** ** ** ** 24 19 12 19 14 18 14 14 18 23 23 21 28 27 28 31 31 30 35 32 36 35 38
Born 1927-1942 30 22 24 33 33 24 31 21 26 24 21 23 21 20 27 31 31 34 36 34 34 36 35 42 42 46 44 42 41
Born 1911-1926 27 33 33 34 32 33 36 28 28 33 31 27 31 31 34 41 41 39 40 43 43 39 42 40 48 49 46 48 54
Born 1895-1910 38 38 39 42 39 46 46 36 42 35 38 39 38 44 44 41 48 44 38 52 51 22 54 42 23 23 ** ** **
Born before 1895 47 41 50 48 48 48 51 39 45 44 37 53 32 60 50 57 50 100 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Liberals ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 28 31 25 22 30 38 35 34 33 35 34 38 36 38 35 31 38 39 45
Moderates ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 22 20 18 20 21 23 22 23 23 26 25 19 22 21 18 21 22 21 20
Conservatives ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 26 30 30 26 28 35 36 30 38 34 34 43 37 35 41 41 43 42 41

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
....................

Table 2A.3.4
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 26OCT15)