The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Average Feeling Thermometer Toward Parties 1978-2012
AVERAGE AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS FOR:      NET PRO DEM. - PRO REP.


  AVG. OF GROUP: '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Males 53 51 53 51 52 49 52 52 47 50 53 51 ** 51 54 52
Females 54 53 56 53 54 53 55 55 51 55 57 54 ** 54 56 55
  '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
White non-Hispanic 52 50 53 50 51 48 52 52 46 50 52 50 ** 49 51 49
Black non-Hispanic 65 65 71 68 67 66 65 66 61 65 70 67 ** 65 71 76
Hispanic 63 56 62 55 55 56 55 56 55 59 59 55 ** 53 60 62
Race oth/mult non-Hisp 56 52 58 53 52 57 47 52 49 49 55 55 ** 51 60 55
  '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 59 59 64 58 62 58 61 61 57 61 60 54 ** 66 65 62
High School Diploma 55 53 56 53 54 53 54 55 51 54 56 54 ** 53 56 55
Some College, no Degree 51 50 53 50 51 49 52 53 47 52 55 51 ** 51 54 53
College Degree/ Post-grad 50 50 50 51 51 48 51 51 45 50 52 51 ** 52 53 53
  '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Income 0-16 Percentile 57 57 62 59 59 58 56 58 54 58 56 59 ** 56 62 58
Income 17-33 Percentile 57 55 57 56 56 53 58 57 54 56 58 55 ** 56 60 57
Income 34-67 Percentile 53 52 55 51 53 51 53 54 48 53 56 51 ** 52 55 53
Income 68-95 Percentile 52 49 52 50 49 48 52 51 45 47 53 52 ** 49 49 51
Income 96-100 Percentile 50 43 45 45 45 40 42 47 42 47 49 47 ** 49 45 53
  '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Professionals 51 50 51 51 50 49 51 51 47 51 53 52 ** 54 ** **
White Collar 54 52 53 51 52 49 53 53 49 53 55 52 ** 51 ** **
Blue Collar 56 54 58 55 56 54 55 57 51 55 58 54 ** 53 ** **
Unskilled 58 56 58 56 55 56 56 54 54 57 50 56 ** 60 ** **
Farmers 54 49 53 46 54 50 57 50 47 45 54 45 ** 58 ** **
Housewives 52 51 56 50 52 52 53 53 48 49 51 51 ** 45 ** **
  '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Union Households 57 54 58 56 56 55 56 57 55 56 58 56 ** 57 58 56
Non-Union Households 52 51 54 51 53 50 53 53 48 52 54 52 ** 52 54 53
  '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
South 54 54 57 53 54 52 56 54 49 52 54 52 ** 52 51 53
Nonsouth 53 51 54 52 53 51 52 54 49 53 56 53 ** 53 57 54
  '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 57
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 53 47 52 51 56 ** 56 57 56
Born 1959-1974 50 53 52 52 52 51 51 52 49 53 54 50 ** 51 55 55
Born 1943-1958 53 51 55 51 52 51 54 54 48 52 55 53 ** 50 54 52
Born 1927-1942 54 50 55 53 53 51 53 53 50 53 58 52 ** 53 51 49
Born 1911-1926 54 54 57 54 56 54 55 57 52 56 57 57 ** 58 56 54
Born 1895-1910 54 53 53 52 54 52 63 58 49 43 52 45 ** ** ** **
Born before 1895 53 54 47 56 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Democrats (incl leaners) 62 63 66 65 65 65 63 66 62 66 67 66 ** 68 70 73
Independents & Apolitical 51 49 49 50 51 49 50 53 50 50 52 50 ** 53 51 52
Republicans (incl leaners) 40 37 37 37 38 35 40 38 34 36 39 35 ** 34 35 32
  '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Liberals 59 60 65 62 62 60 61 64 63 65 65 64 ** 69 70 72
Moderates 54 53 56 54 54 53 53 54 52 55 55 53 ** 55 56 58
Conservatives 46 44 45 42 45 42 46 44 38 40 45 42 ** 38 39 37

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group


table 2B.2.3
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table

(Table generated: 04NOV15)