The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Which Party Best Able to Handle Most Important Problem 1972-2012
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'Republicans'


  % OF GROUP: '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Males 27 ** 14 19 46 27 37 22 27 ** 16 34 23 17 31 ** ** ** 34
Females 23 ** 11 14 35 18 26 15 17 ** 10 23 18 15 16 ** ** ** 29
  '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Whites non-Hispanic 27 ** 14 18 45 24 35 20 25 ** 14 32 23 19 25 ** ** ** 38
Black non-Hispanic 6 ** 0 5 9 1 7 5 6 ** 5 9 8 3 13 ** ** ** 6
Hispanic 21 ** 2 12 34 16 26 14 16 ** 13 19 6 10 12 ** ** ** 16
Race oth/mult non-Hisp 29 ** 6 9 40 36 17 24 5 ** 11 35 17 21 21 ** ** ** 25
  '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 17 ** 7 10 27 5 21 8 7 ** 9 16 9 7 10 ** ** ** 14
High School Diploma 27 ** 10 12 37 18 27 14 16 ** 9 21 15 15 18 ** ** ** 28
Some College, no Degree 24 ** 15 18 44 25 35 22 28 ** 14 32 22 16 24 ** ** ** 31
College Degree/ Post-grad 29 ** 22 31 53 36 41 25 30 ** 21 42 29 21 29 ** ** ** 37
  '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Income 0-16 Percentile 19 ** 7 12 27 12 18 9 12 ** 8 16 11 13 15 ** ** ** 20
Income 17-33 Percentile 23 ** 7 11 35 16 24 13 17 ** 10 21 7 9 17 ** ** ** 23
Income 34-67 Percentile 26 ** 13 15 38 17 29 17 22 ** 12 29 21 15 24 ** ** ** 33
Income 68-95 Percentile 26 ** 15 18 51 29 38 27 27 ** 16 35 32 20 27 ** ** ** 38
Income 96-100 Percentile 44 ** 25 27 72 42 54 28 45 ** 21 54 28 26 26 ** ** ** 47
  '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Professionals 31 ** 18 25 49 30 37 25 27 ** 15 37 28 21 27 ** ** ** **
White Collar 19 ** 15 16 41 26 32 16 24 ** 13 26 23 16 21 ** ** ** **
Blue Collar 25 ** 9 10 36 15 25 14 20 ** 10 22 15 9 20 ** ** ** **
Unskilled 24 ** 2 8 38 18 32 20 13 ** 7 5 0 11 0 ** ** ** **
Farmers 24 ** 17 11 54 23 46 13 13 ** 18 45 23 21 29 ** ** ** **
Housewives 25 ** 13 17 34 19 32 18 14 ** 16 28 24 23 21 ** ** ** **
  '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Union Households 27 ** 6 12 37 17 25 17 17 ** 9 16 14 12 20 ** ** ** 28
Non-Union Households 25 ** 14 18 42 23 33 18 22 ** 14 31 21 17 23 ** ** ** 32
  '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
South 24 ** 13 17 38 21 31 16 21 ** 16 31 20 16 24 ** ** ** 34
Nonsouth 25 ** 12 16 41 22 31 19 21 ** 12 27 20 16 22 ** ** ** 30
  '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 23
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 0 27 0 17 10 ** ** ** 28
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** 13 34 21 28 20 21 ** 14 27 18 15 24 ** ** ** 31
Born 1943-1958 22 ** 9 14 39 22 33 20 23 ** 15 31 26 16 27 ** ** ** 33
Born 1927-1942 25 ** 14 17 45 21 31 18 23 ** 12 29 20 16 24 ** ** ** 40
Born 1911-1926 28 ** 14 16 39 20 29 12 17 ** 9 25 18 19 20 ** ** ** 31
Born 1895-1910 26 ** 16 22 41 24 34 12 17 ** 17 30 38 0 17 ** ** ** **
Born before 1895 31 ** 16 22 38 50 0 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Democrats (incl leaners) 14 ** 4 5 23 5 11 5 7 ** 3 7 4 3 5 ** ** ** 4
Independents 17 ** 6 4 28 12 21 8 10 ** 6 12 11 5 11 ** ** ** 14
Republicans (incl leaners) 45 ** 28 41 71 54 57 39 40 ** 29 56 44 38 49 ** ** ** 68
  '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Liberals 14 ** 4 9 27 8 16 11 10 ** 5 8 3 7 7 ** ** ** 7
Moderates 25 ** 7 11 42 18 26 15 17 ** 7 19 15 11 13 ** ** ** 18
Conservatives 40 ** 29 33 61 45 52 31 37 ** 29 51 41 31 44 ** ** ** 61

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
....................

Table 2B.3.2
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 26OCT15)