The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Which Party Best Able to Handle Most Important Problem 1972-2012
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'Not Much Difference/ Don't Know'


  % OF GROUP: '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Males 46 ** 52 64 44 46 42 55 52 ** 46 53 58 56 46 ** ** ** 36
Females 56 ** 55 69 54 51 48 62 58 ** 51 59 56 58 55 ** ** ** 36
  '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Whites non-Hispanic 53 ** 55 68 48 50 44 59 56 ** 49 54 54 59 51 ** ** ** 36
Black non-Hispanic 41 ** 34 51 62 39 49 57 55 ** 43 65 56 47 47 ** ** ** 31
Hispanic 57 ** 46 64 52 53 50 62 51 ** 50 61 68 58 63 ** ** ** 37
Race oth/mult non-Hisp 14 ** 94 68 53 55 69 63 44 ** 54 50 81 51 46 ** ** ** 46
  '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 59 ** 52 66 53 58 51 62 66 ** 50 60 69 53 72 ** ** ** 40
High School Diploma 52 ** 55 71 54 52 51 63 61 ** 52 65 61 63 56 ** ** ** 40
Some College, no Degree 49 ** 55 66 48 49 42 55 50 ** 47 53 57 54 52 ** ** ** 37
College Degree/ Post-grad 42 ** 50 55 38 39 34 53 46 ** 41 40 46 52 39 ** ** ** 30
  '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Income 0-16 Percentile 56 ** 50 65 56 55 46 60 59 ** 47 65 54 65 52 ** ** ** 40
Income 17-33 Percentile 56 ** 53 68 55 49 48 61 52 ** 46 58 68 61 54 ** ** ** 40
Income 34-67 Percentile 52 ** 52 68 52 50 46 61 54 ** 48 55 58 58 52 ** ** ** 36
Income 68-95 Percentile 49 ** 55 69 43 47 42 51 56 ** 51 54 50 53 45 ** ** ** 32
Income 96-100 Percentile 39 ** 62 63 27 37 36 60 41 ** 47 35 50 50 45 ** ** ** 22
  '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Professionals 47 ** 56 61 42 46 38 53 50 ** 44 47 47 53 43 ** ** ** **
White Collar 52 ** 49 67 51 52 46 63 55 ** 51 56 48 60 51 ** ** ** **
Blue Collar 51 ** 51 69 53 48 50 59 57 ** 49 63 66 58 55 ** ** ** **
Unskilled 29 ** 57 77 46 50 45 55 64 ** 50 69 71 72 80 ** ** ** **
Farmers 64 ** 53 66 42 48 35 71 65 ** 58 50 71 75 53 ** ** ** **
Housewives 56 ** 56 69 57 56 46 62 61 ** 49 60 66 58 56 ** ** ** **
  '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Union Households 48 ** 51 66 52 48 46 52 56 ** 47 62 56 53 50 ** ** ** 36
Non-Union Households 53 ** 55 67 49 49 45 61 55 ** 49 55 57 58 51 ** ** ** 36
  '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
South 53 ** 52 66 49 48 45 63 55 ** 48 56 56 57 50 ** ** ** 33
Nonsouth 51 ** 54 67 50 50 45 57 56 ** 49 56 57 57 51 ** ** ** 37
  '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 33
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 67 54 65 63 69 ** ** ** 41
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** 68 53 55 46 61 56 ** 52 59 65 62 53 ** ** ** 36
Born 1943-1958 48 ** 55 71 52 48 44 57 52 ** 46 53 50 55 44 ** ** ** 34
Born 1927-1942 53 ** 58 66 45 50 46 57 55 ** 51 58 55 54 44 ** ** ** 31
Born 1911-1926 51 ** 52 65 50 46 45 60 60 ** 45 57 54 46 46 ** ** ** 35
Born 1895-1910 58 ** 44 56 50 53 46 65 62 ** 44 62 23 68 83 ** ** ** **
Born before 1895 50 ** 56 61 38 50 0 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Democrats (incl leaners) 48 ** 43 65 60 46 45 56 51 ** 36 64 57 52 48 ** ** ** 32
Independents 75 ** 73 92 68 80 67 84 81 ** 69 81 89 88 81 ** ** ** 73
Republicans (incl leaners) 46 ** 61 57 28 43 38 54 54 ** 58 40 49 55 45 ** ** ** 28
  '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Liberals 41 ** 38 65 53 40 38 53 47 ** 33 54 47 47 42 ** ** ** 29
Moderates 51 ** 61 73 50 51 50 63 59 ** 53 67 68 63 58 ** ** ** 47
Conservatives 47 ** 53 57 33 40 36 52 51 ** 49 41 48 55 41 ** ** ** 28

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
....................

Table 2B.3.3
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 26OCT15)