The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Is One Party More Conservative 1960-2012
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'Yes, Democrats'


  % OF GROUP: '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Males 9 ** 13 ** 8 17 14 ** 16 ** ** ** 14 ** 14 17 12 ** ** ** ** ** 17 17 10
Females 12 ** 14 ** 9 16 16 ** 18 ** ** ** 16 ** 12 18 12 ** ** ** ** ** 17 16 9
  '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Whites non-Hispanic 11 ** 13 ** 8 16 14 ** 16 ** ** ** 13 ** 11 16 9 ** ** ** ** ** 13 13 6
Black non-Hispanic 15 ** 17 ** 15 18 27 ** 28 ** ** ** 32 ** 19 22 23 ** ** ** ** ** 32 32 25
Hispanic ** ** ** ** 14 15 9 ** 24 ** ** ** 14 ** 20 34 21 ** ** ** ** ** 28 24 14
Race oth/mult non-Hisp ** ** ** ** 25 13 0 ** 0 ** ** ** 14 ** 14 4 8 ** ** ** ** ** 7 16 10
  '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 9 ** 14 ** 9 20 16 ** 20 ** ** ** 22 ** 16 21 24 ** ** ** ** ** 37 36 19
High School Diploma 15 ** 15 ** 10 18 16 ** 20 ** ** ** 16 ** 16 22 16 ** ** ** ** ** 26 25 15
Some College, no Degree 8 ** 15 ** 9 13 14 ** 18 ** ** ** 14 ** 10 15 9 ** ** ** ** ** 13 16 9
College Degree/ Post-grad 3 ** 6 ** 5 5 9 ** 5 ** ** ** 9 ** 4 6 4 ** ** ** ** ** 5 2 3
  '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Income 0-16 Percentile 12 ** 17 ** 12 15 19 ** 22 ** ** ** 21 ** 17 21 20 ** ** ** ** ** 33 29 17
Income 17-33 Percentile 12 ** 15 ** 9 15 17 ** 22 ** ** ** 22 ** 15 24 19 ** ** ** ** ** 24 23 13
Income 34-67 Percentile 11 ** 15 ** 10 21 13 ** 18 ** ** ** 15 ** 13 17 12 ** ** ** ** ** 16 16 9
Income 68-95 Percentile 11 ** 11 ** 6 15 14 ** 14 ** ** ** 9 ** 8 14 6 ** ** ** ** ** 10 7 5
Income 96-100 Percentile 4 ** 6 ** 6 6 14 ** 4 ** ** ** 10 ** 2 8 2 ** ** ** ** ** 4 2 2
  '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Professionals 3 ** 11 ** 6 10 11 ** 11 ** ** ** 12 ** 8 14 6 ** ** ** ** ** 9 ** **
White Collar 12 ** 13 ** 10 16 18 ** 17 ** ** ** 14 ** 9 18 11 ** ** ** ** ** 18 ** **
Blue Collar 14 ** 16 ** 11 20 17 ** 20 ** ** ** 17 ** 18 22 17 ** ** ** ** ** 19 ** **
Unskilled 9 ** 16 ** 16 38 33 ** 20 ** ** ** 19 ** 19 9 21 ** ** ** ** ** 38 ** **
Farmers 8 ** 10 ** 5 15 13 ** 16 ** ** ** 19 ** 15 29 13 ** ** ** ** ** 33 ** **
Housewives 12 ** 13 ** 8 17 14 ** 18 ** ** ** 11 ** 14 11 14 ** ** ** ** ** 20 ** **
  '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Union Households 17 ** 16 ** 9 22 14 ** 17 ** ** ** 13 ** 13 20 14 ** ** ** ** ** 17 17 9
Non-Union Households 9 ** 13 ** 9 15 16 ** 17 ** ** ** 15 ** 12 17 12 ** ** ** ** ** 17 16 10
  '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
South 13 ** 14 ** 8 15 20 ** 19 ** ** ** 18 ** 15 22 16 ** ** ** ** ** 22 16 11
Nonsouth 10 ** 13 ** 9 17 13 ** 17 ** ** ** 14 ** 11 16 10 ** ** ** ** ** 15 16 9
  '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 16
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 0 ** ** ** ** ** 17 17 9
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 18 ** 13 21 14 ** ** ** ** ** 20 19 10
Born 1943-1958 ** ** 19 ** 15 21 13 ** 18 ** ** ** 14 ** 12 18 10 ** ** ** ** ** 12 14 9
Born 1927-1942 13 ** 14 ** 10 17 18 ** 16 ** ** ** 12 ** 14 14 10 ** ** ** ** ** 17 12 7
Born 1911-1926 11 ** 13 ** 6 16 14 ** 15 ** ** ** 17 ** 13 16 14 ** ** ** ** ** 35 32 12
Born 1895-1910 11 ** 12 ** 8 15 15 ** 20 ** ** ** 19 ** 10 17 21 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Born before 1895 9 ** 17 ** 6 6 16 ** 19 ** ** ** 0 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Democrats (incl leaners) 16 ** 16 ** 12 24 22 ** 26 ** ** ** 23 ** 17 26 17 ** ** ** ** ** 23 23 15
Independents 4 ** 16 ** 5 9 7 ** 11 ** ** ** 12 ** 6 8 10 ** ** ** ** ** 32 20 9
Republicans (incl leaners) 5 ** 8 ** 5 6 8 ** 6 ** ** ** 7 ** 9 8 6 ** ** ** ** ** 8 6 3
  '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Liberals ** ** ** ** ** ** 13 ** 13 ** ** ** 17 ** 9 10 8 ** ** ** ** ** 13 10 6
Moderates ** ** ** ** ** ** 15 ** 19 ** ** ** 18 ** 12 20 11 ** ** ** ** ** 21 21 12
Conservatives ** ** ** ** ** ** 14 ** 14 ** ** ** 9 ** 12 15 11 ** ** ** ** ** 9 9 7

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
....................

Table 2B.5.1
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 26OCT15)