The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Which Party Better Able to Keep U.S. Out of War 1956-2008
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'Republicans'


  % OF GROUP: '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Males 42 ** 34 ** 15 17 25 17 33 ** ** ** 18 15 31 16 33 ** 23 ** 24 ** 19 ** 17 14
Females 39 ** 26 ** 10 14 23 12 25 ** ** ** 16 10 21 16 22 ** 17 ** 14 ** 15 ** 14 13
  '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Whites non-Hispanic 43 ** 31 ** 13 17 26 15 31 ** ** ** 18 14 29 14 32 ** 22 ** 21 ** 20 ** 19 16
Black non-Hispanic 16 ** 19 ** 1 5 6 8 8 ** ** ** 6 4 5 24 7 ** 8 ** 3 ** 4 ** 3 0
Hispanic ** ** ** ** ** 8 19 0 12 ** ** ** 11 10 18 18 22 ** 14 ** 18 ** 6 ** 13 10
Race oth/mult non-Hisp ** ** ** ** ** 50 0 25 10 ** ** ** 19 18 16 13 16 ** 28 ** 14 ** 19 ** 16 7
  '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 34 ** 32 ** 8 14 15 11 26 ** ** ** 12 8 14 18 16 ** 15 ** 7 ** 12 ** 9 14
High School Diploma 40 ** 26 ** 12 14 25 12 27 ** ** ** 15 11 22 13 24 ** 17 ** 17 ** 13 ** 17 12
Some College, no Degree 56 ** 35 ** 20 18 29 18 34 ** ** ** 20 15 32 14 34 ** 21 ** 19 ** 17 ** 15 14
College Degree/ Post-grad 48 ** 37 ** 15 21 31 22 29 ** ** ** 22 17 32 21 33 ** 25 ** 23 ** 24 ** 16 14
  '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Income 0-16 Percentile 33 ** 32 ** 9 13 21 11 23 ** ** ** 12 5 16 16 17 ** 12 ** 14 ** 9 ** 13 12
Income 17-33 Percentile 34 ** 30 ** 10 20 22 14 25 ** ** ** 11 13 16 15 20 ** 18 ** 16 ** 16 ** 9 9
Income 34-67 Percentile 38 ** 26 ** 13 14 24 11 27 ** ** ** 16 13 26 16 29 ** 19 ** 19 ** 15 ** 17 11
Income 68-95 Percentile 47 ** 30 ** 15 16 28 18 33 ** ** ** 21 15 34 14 32 ** 24 ** 22 ** 20 ** 17 19
Income 96-100 Percentile 62 ** 42 ** 14 24 24 27 49 ** ** ** 31 19 39 12 60 ** 32 ** 22 ** 30 ** 22 21
  '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Professionals 49 ** 35 ** 17 ** 30 17 37 ** ** ** 22 17 30 18 31 ** 23 ** 22 ** 19 ** 13 **
White Collar 46 ** 37 ** 17 ** 26 14 29 ** ** ** 18 15 25 16 31 ** 22 ** 21 ** 14 ** 19 **
Blue Collar 37 ** 27 ** 7 ** 21 12 27 ** ** ** 14 9 22 16 23 ** 17 ** 15 ** 15 ** 13 **
Unskilled 27 ** 44 ** 6 ** 0 4 27 ** ** ** 10 21 18 16 20 ** 20 ** 7 ** 8 ** 15 **
Farmers 42 ** 35 ** 19 ** 28 5 33 ** ** ** 19 18 33 11 36 ** 21 ** 47 ** 16 ** 10 **
Housewives 40 ** 25 ** 10 ** 24 15 23 ** ** ** 16 8 26 13 22 ** 16 ** 16 ** 24 ** 28 **
  '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Union Households 32 ** 22 ** 6 13 21 12 25 ** ** ** 14 11 21 19 24 ** 16 ** 14 ** 15 ** 14 12
Non-Union Households 44 ** 33 ** 14 16 25 15 29 ** ** ** 18 13 26 14 28 ** 21 ** 20 ** 17 ** 16 13
  '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
South 29 ** 25 ** 16 15 22 14 29 ** ** ** 16 12 22 13 26 ** 20 ** 20 ** 19 ** 19 16
Nonsouth 44 ** 32 ** 11 15 25 14 28 ** ** ** 17 13 26 17 28 ** 20 ** 18 ** 15 ** 14 11
  '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 15 ** 16 ** 9 ** 10 12
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 11 9 23 17 29 ** 19 ** 20 ** 17 ** 15 10
Born 1943-1958 ** ** ** ** 4 18 23 15 24 ** ** ** 14 13 25 17 27 ** 20 ** 16 ** 20 ** 20 15
Born 1927-1942 42 ** 24 ** 11 14 22 15 27 ** ** ** 21 13 28 14 27 ** 22 ** 20 ** 17 ** 18 19
Born 1911-1926 39 ** 28 ** 11 15 24 13 32 ** ** ** 18 11 25 14 26 ** 17 ** 17 ** 14 ** 7 17
Born 1895-1910 40 ** 32 ** 15 17 27 15 32 ** ** ** 19 16 22 11 22 ** 20 ** 42 ** 33 ** ** **
Born before 1895 43 ** 41 ** 14 16 23 6 29 ** ** ** 25 29 75 0 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Democrats (incl leaners) 18 ** 10 ** 4 5 11 5 16 ** ** ** 5 5 9 27 8 ** 6 ** 5 ** 4 ** 2 2
Independents 44 ** 20 ** 11 10 20 11 16 ** ** ** 12 7 14 4 12 ** 8 ** 7 ** 7 ** 2 5
Republicans (incl leaners) 74 ** 64 ** 30 35 50 31 52 ** ** ** 38 28 49 4 54 ** 42 ** 40 ** 37 ** 36 32
  '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Liberals ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 10 ** ** ** 7 8 15 30 14 ** 9 ** 5 ** 8 ** 5 2
Moderates ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 34 ** ** ** 14 11 22 15 23 ** 18 ** 10 ** 16 ** 10 11
Conservatives ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 44 ** ** ** 29 22 45 8 46 ** 36 ** 38 ** 30 ** 30 28

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
....................

Table 2B.6.2
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 26OCT15)