The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Which Party Better Able to Keep U.S. Out of War 1956-2008
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'Same/ Don't Know'


  % OF GROUP: '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Males 49 ** 50 ** 48 69 61 71 53 ** ** ** 53 68 46 65 51 ** 59 ** 64 ** 60 ** 43 38
Females 54 ** 58 ** 52 78 65 72 62 ** ** ** 60 71 57 72 60 ** 65 ** 75 ** 66 ** 43 37
  '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Whites non-Hispanic 50 ** 53 ** 51 74 65 73 58 ** ** ** 56 70 50 68 55 ** 62 ** 69 ** 63 ** 42 38
Black non-Hispanic 74 ** 68 ** 40 73 51 58 55 ** ** ** 56 65 60 72 65 ** 64 ** 74 ** 60 ** 44 33
Hispanic ** ** ** ** ** 69 63 67 59 ** ** ** 68 67 65 69 56 ** 66 ** 67 ** 74 ** 48 44
Race oth/mult non-Hisp ** ** ** ** ** 50 50 50 90 ** ** ** 69 82 68 67 52 ** 54 ** 84 ** 56 ** 34 29
  '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 58 ** 58 ** 58 78 70 71 59 ** ** ** 60 68 66 75 69 ** 64 ** 67 ** 63 ** 60 58
High School Diploma 53 ** 57 ** 49 75 63 75 62 ** ** ** 61 75 58 73 60 ** 67 ** 72 ** 69 ** 51 44
Some College, no Degree 37 ** 46 ** 41 71 58 67 50 ** ** ** 51 65 44 66 50 ** 60 ** 69 ** 61 ** 41 35
College Degree/ Post-grad 44 ** 45 ** 47 67 58 64 55 ** ** ** 49 65 40 60 48 ** 54 ** 67 ** 54 ** 28 28
  '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Income 0-16 Percentile 59 ** 57 ** 54 79 64 76 56 ** ** ** 61 74 57 73 64 ** 67 ** 71 ** 67 ** 45 39
Income 17-33 Percentile 58 ** 58 ** 53 71 62 68 54 ** ** ** 58 68 57 74 62 ** 62 ** 70 ** 67 ** 53 41
Income 34-67 Percentile 54 ** 58 ** 45 74 65 74 62 ** ** ** 58 68 53 68 54 ** 64 ** 71 ** 67 ** 42 39
Income 68-95 Percentile 46 ** 50 ** 49 73 59 70 57 ** ** ** 54 69 45 64 53 ** 59 ** 68 ** 54 ** 36 31
Income 96-100 Percentile 31 ** 47 ** 50 66 67 58 44 ** ** ** 47 68 41 73 34 ** 57 ** 74 ** 57 ** 27 30
  '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Professionals 43 ** 45 ** 46 ** 59 73 50 ** ** ** 51 64 44 64 52 ** 59 ** 67 ** 61 ** 29 **
White Collar 46 ** 53 ** 47 ** 62 70 55 ** ** ** 55 72 54 69 54 ** 59 ** 63 ** 69 ** 44 **
Blue Collar 54 ** 56 ** 51 ** 64 71 59 ** ** ** 59 72 54 70 59 ** 64 ** 76 ** 62 ** 53 **
Unskilled 62 ** 39 ** 44 ** 74 60 50 ** ** ** 67 56 56 68 65 ** 65 ** 64 ** 66 ** 53 **
Farmers 50 ** 60 ** 57 ** 57 84 59 ** ** ** 59 73 58 74 48 ** 69 ** 53 ** 71 ** 50 **
Housewives 55 ** 60 ** 52 ** 66 72 67 ** ** ** 63 73 57 75 65 ** 68 ** 78 ** 60 ** 45 **
  '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Union Households 59 ** 58 ** 47 72 64 70 61 ** ** ** 53 69 52 66 58 ** 64 ** 75 ** 62 ** 40 31
Non-Union Households 49 ** 53 ** 51 75 63 72 57 ** ** ** 58 70 52 70 56 ** 62 ** 69 ** 64 ** 43 38
  '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
South 60 ** 59 ** 50 77 62 72 55 ** ** ** 57 70 59 72 59 ** 61 ** 68 ** 61 ** 40 42
Nonsouth 49 ** 53 ** 50 73 63 71 59 ** ** ** 57 69 50 67 55 ** 63 ** 71 ** 64 ** 44 34
  '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 85 ** 77 ** 73 ** 38 35
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 54 76 53 69 52 ** 59 ** 69 ** 61 ** 42 35
Born 1943-1958 ** ** ** ** 54 65 60 69 59 ** ** ** 57 64 51 66 55 ** 61 ** 71 ** 59 ** 41 37
Born 1927-1942 52 ** 59 ** 44 74 66 73 60 ** ** ** 56 72 54 66 58 ** 64 ** 68 ** 64 ** 48 48
Born 1911-1926 54 ** 56 ** 53 75 63 70 57 ** ** ** 57 74 51 75 61 ** 69 ** 69 ** 67 ** 57 38
Born 1895-1910 51 ** 54 ** 52 74 61 72 53 ** ** ** 57 68 58 81 62 ** 66 ** 52 ** 61 ** ** **
Born before 1895 50 ** 46 ** 58 78 64 79 60 ** ** ** 42 71 0 100 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Democrats (incl leaners) 68 ** 63 ** 43 78 68 70 62 ** ** ** 54 68 51 68 62 ** 67 ** 76 ** 63 ** 34 26
Independents 54 ** 77 ** 72 86 76 86 78 ** ** ** 77 92 77 88 81 ** 84 ** 86 ** 83 ** 84 74
Republicans (incl leaners) 26 ** 34 ** 57 62 49 68 45 ** ** ** 52 64 46 63 42 ** 49 ** 56 ** 56 ** 42 41
  '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Liberals ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 60 ** ** ** 48 55 38 58 53 ** 58 ** 73 ** 63 ** 29 20
Moderates ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 54 ** ** ** 61 73 57 73 59 ** 68 ** 77 ** 59 ** 41 36
Conservatives ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 49 ** ** ** 51 65 43 65 45 ** 51 ** 56 ** 56 ** 38 40

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
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Table 2B.6.3
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 26OCT15)