The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Conservatism Index 1964-2012
AVERAGE AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS FOR:      AVERAGE SCORE ON INDEX


  AVG. OF GROUP: '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Males 51 51 52 55 53 53 52 ** 55 54 52 52 54 51 53 56 55 52 52 53 53 53 53
Females 50 52 51 53 53 52 52 ** 54 51 50 51 53 51 50 53 51 50 50 52 50 50 52
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
White non-Hispanic 52 52 52 55 54 53 53 ** 56 53 51 52 55 52 52 56 54 52 52 53 52 53 55
Black non-Hispanic 42 47 47 40 39 45 41 ** 44 46 46 44 46 44 45 48 47 46 46 48 49 47 45
Hispanic ** 52 47 50 53 51 50 ** 51 54 50 54 49 52 48 54 50 48 48 52 52 49 49
Race oth/mult non-Hisp ** 62 52 51 45 50 55 ** 49 51 50 52 49 49 51 47 54 49 47 49 51 48 50
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 48 51 51 52 52 53 50 ** 55 50 50 49 53 50 50 53 50 53 49 52 52 49 54
High School Diploma 51 52 52 54 53 53 53 ** 54 54 50 51 53 51 51 54 52 51 51 52 53 51 53
Some College, no Degree 53 51 53 56 53 52 51 ** 56 52 52 53 55 51 50 56 53 50 51 53 53 52 53
College Degree/ Post-grad 52 53 51 52 51 51 52 ** 54 51 51 51 53 49 52 55 54 51 51 52 49 51 51
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Income 0-16 Percentile 49 51 51 50 50 49 49 ** 52 51 47 49 51 50 48 50 48 50 47 ** 49 49 50
Income 17-33 Percentile 49 51 51 52 52 49 50 ** 54 50 49 50 53 49 50 50 52 50 50 ** 50 50 51
Income 34-67 Percentile 49 51 52 53 53 52 52 ** 53 52 51 52 54 51 51 55 52 50 51 ** 52 51 53
Income 68-95 Percentile 53 52 52 55 54 54 53 ** 56 53 52 53 54 51 53 57 55 52 52 ** 53 53 54
Income 96-100 Percentile 54 52 52 54 54 60 56 ** 60 58 57 52 57 55 53 55 56 53 54 ** 52 57 53
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Professionals 54 ** 52 55 53 52 53 ** 56 53 51 52 54 50 51 55 53 51 51 ** 49 ** **
White Collar 51 ** 52 53 53 53 52 ** 55 52 51 52 54 51 51 54 53 52 50 ** 54 ** **
Blue Collar 48 ** 51 52 51 52 51 ** 54 52 50 51 53 51 50 54 52 51 51 ** 52 ** **
Unskilled 49 ** 51 46 48 50 52 ** 52 54 47 51 53 48 52 51 48 53 49 ** 50 ** **
Farmers 52 ** 55 51 57 57 54 ** 54 57 58 52 55 55 55 55 59 47 56 ** 58 ** **
Housewives 50 ** 52 56 56 55 54 ** 54 53 53 53 54 53 53 56 55 55 54 ** 57 ** **
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Union Households 47 50 51 51 52 52 50 ** 53 51 49 50 52 50 50 53 51 51 47 50 50 49 51
Non-Union Households 52 52 52 54 53 53 53 ** 55 53 51 52 54 51 51 55 53 51 52 53 52 51 53
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
South 53 54 53 56 54 54 52 ** 56 55 52 53 54 52 52 55 53 53 52 54 54 53 55
Nonsouth 50 51 51 53 52 52 52 ** 54 52 50 51 53 51 51 54 52 50 50 52 51 50 52
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 49
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 43 52 49 49 46 49 49 48 50
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 53 52 50 49 51 50 50 53 52 51 51 53 52 51 52
Born 1943-1958 51 47 50 52 49 49 49 ** 53 51 50 51 53 50 51 55 53 51 51 52 53 52 54
Born 1927-1942 49 51 51 53 52 54 54 ** 57 54 52 54 55 54 53 58 55 52 54 54 54 55 58
Born 1911-1926 51 52 52 54 56 55 54 ** 56 54 51 52 55 52 51 54 52 53 50 54 50 55 55
Born 1895-1910 52 52 53 54 56 54 54 ** 56 55 52 55 57 50 54 58 52 48 62 60 ** ** **
Born before 1895 52 53 53 57 53 58 57 ** 43 53 41 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Democrats (incl leaners) 47 49 49 49 49 48 48 ** 49 47 45 46 47 46 45 47 45 45 44 46 44 44 40
Independents & Apolitical 50 51 52 55 52 52 51 ** 53 53 50 50 53 51 50 51 50 50 49 49 49 50 51
Republicans (incl leaners) 57 58 57 61 59 60 59 ** 63 60 57 60 60 57 60 64 62 59 59 60 61 61 67
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Liberals ** ** ** ** 38 39 40 ** 40 37 41 38 43 37 38 39 39 36 40 40 37 39 33
Moderates ** ** ** ** 53 52 52 ** 53 51 49 50 51 51 50 50 50 51 47 49 48 49 49
Conservatives ** ** ** ** 64 65 61 ** 65 64 60 62 62 61 62 66 64 61 61 63 63 62 69

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group


table 3.3.1
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table

(Table generated: 04NOV15)