The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Power of the Federal Government 1964-2000
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'Govt. Not Too Strong'


  % OF GROUP: '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00
Males 39 29 31 34 27 ** 22 18 17 ** 24 ** 21 ** 18 ** ** ** 22
Females 34 25 30 32 27 ** 18 10 14 ** 21 ** 18 ** 16 ** ** ** 14
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00
Whites non-Hispanic 33 26 28 32 27 ** 19 13 14 ** 24 ** 20 ** 16 ** ** ** 17
Black non-Hispanic 57 38 48 49 32 ** 29 14 23 ** 19 ** 22 ** 21 ** ** ** 18
Hispanic ** 23 56 29 24 ** 14 17 16 ** 11 ** 13 ** 16 ** ** ** 14
Race oth/mult non-Hisp ** 25 50 38 11 ** 21 20 12 ** 14 ** 14 ** 24 ** ** ** 21
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 37 24 31 31 23 ** 21 15 21 ** 10 ** 16 ** 18 ** ** ** 7
High School Diploma 36 27 30 34 26 ** 17 11 14 ** 19 ** 16 ** 14 ** ** ** 13
Some College, no Degree 38 29 29 30 35 ** 21 16 13 ** 29 ** 22 ** 16 ** ** ** 17
College Degree/ Post-grad 33 29 30 37 26 ** 23 18 17 ** 32 ** 24 ** 24 ** ** ** 28
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00
Income 0-16 Percentile 36 22 31 33 25 ** 22 12 15 ** 10 ** 18 ** 16 ** ** ** 11
Income 17-33 Percentile 40 32 28 33 25 ** 19 15 20 ** 21 ** 17 ** 18 ** ** ** 14
Income 34-67 Percentile 40 28 30 32 27 ** 20 14 14 ** 24 ** 18 ** 16 ** ** ** 17
Income 68-95 Percentile 34 28 32 36 29 ** 21 15 17 ** 25 ** 24 ** 19 ** ** ** 25
Income 96-100 Percentile 26 32 28 30 27 ** 17 15 12 ** 49 ** 31 ** 18 ** ** ** 26
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00
Professionals 31 ** 27 33 30 ** 24 16 14 ** 32 ** 23 ** 22 ** ** ** 25
White Collar 37 ** 31 31 28 ** 19 12 12 ** 20 ** 21 ** 16 ** ** ** 15
Blue Collar 41 ** 32 37 26 ** 19 15 15 ** 21 ** 19 ** 16 ** ** ** 13
Unskilled 47 ** 48 46 19 ** 18 15 25 ** 19 ** 10 ** 16 ** ** ** 14
Farmers 42 ** 37 29 34 ** 19 2 18 ** 9 ** 15 ** 9 ** ** ** 20
Housewives 31 ** 27 30 24 ** 16 9 16 ** 18 ** 15 ** 14 ** ** ** 11
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00
Union Households 43 33 34 35 27 ** 23 14 17 ** 28 ** 20 ** 19 ** ** ** 21
Non-Union Households 34 25 29 33 27 ** 19 14 15 ** 21 ** 19 ** 17 ** ** ** 17
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00
South 28 18 25 30 26 ** 14 14 16 ** 19 ** 16 ** 16 ** ** ** 14
Nonsouth 38 29 32 35 27 ** 21 13 15 ** 24 ** 21 ** 18 ** ** ** 19
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 8 ** ** ** 12
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 18 17 ** 21 ** 17 ** 15 ** ** ** 18
Born 1943-1958 27 40 33 36 25 ** 20 13 14 ** 26 ** 18 ** 19 ** ** ** 19
Born 1927-1942 38 27 27 34 26 ** 17 14 14 ** 20 ** 23 ** 19 ** ** ** 16
Born 1911-1926 36 29 35 35 29 ** 22 12 17 ** 22 ** 19 ** 17 ** ** ** 22
Born 1895-1910 33 24 26 30 28 ** 18 15 17 ** 11 ** 24 ** 17 ** ** ** 10
Born before 1895 32 16 29 28 26 ** 23 28 22 ** 0 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00
Democrats (incl leaners) 45 35 37 36 27 ** 23 16 21 ** 20 ** 19 ** 20 ** ** ** 22
Independents 27 22 31 31 19 ** 17 10 8 ** 22 ** 12 ** 12 ** ** ** 11
Republicans (incl leaners) 21 15 19 29 30 ** 16 12 10 ** 25 ** 21 ** 14 ** ** ** 14
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00
Liberals ** ** ** ** 33 ** 27 20 25 ** 30 ** 24 ** 26 ** ** ** 25
Moderates ** ** ** ** 33 ** 23 16 15 ** 28 ** 22 ** 18 ** ** ** 26
Conservatives ** ** ** ** 27 ** 17 13 11 ** 25 ** 20 ** 16 ** ** ** 16

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
....................

Table 4A.1.1
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 26OCT15)