The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Power of the Federal Government 1964-2000
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'Govt. Too Powerful'


  % OF GROUP: '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00
Males 36 42 49 36 46 ** 57 50 57 ** 39 ** 42 ** 48 ** ** ** 46
Females 25 36 34 27 38 ** 44 38 42 ** 26 ** 27 ** 33 ** ** ** 33
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00
Whites non-Hispanic 33 42 44 33 42 ** 52 46 54 ** 35 ** 37 ** 44 ** ** ** 42
Black non-Hispanic 5 13 9 14 31 ** 25 21 21 ** 17 ** 20 ** 25 ** ** ** 19
Hispanic ** 31 6 43 48 ** 40 24 14 ** 18 ** 24 ** 24 ** ** ** 31
Race oth/mult non-Hisp ** 50 0 25 56 ** 39 36 29 ** 7 ** 22 ** 25 ** ** ** 38
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 18 32 30 26 35 ** 33 28 29 ** 23 ** 22 ** 29 ** ** ** 31
High School Diploma 29 37 39 29 39 ** 49 40 45 ** 31 ** 29 ** 37 ** ** ** 35
Some College, no Degree 41 48 48 42 44 ** 57 48 57 ** 33 ** 37 ** 45 ** ** ** 43
College Degree/ Post-grad 49 50 55 37 55 ** 60 59 62 ** 37 ** 44 ** 44 ** ** ** 41
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00
Income 0-16 Percentile 21 32 29 23 33 ** 31 34 36 ** 33 ** 25 ** 30 ** ** ** 28
Income 17-33 Percentile 25 32 35 29 43 ** 44 34 44 ** 28 ** 31 ** 33 ** ** ** 40
Income 34-67 Percentile 26 37 42 32 40 ** 49 48 53 ** 35 ** 37 ** 41 ** ** ** 42
Income 68-95 Percentile 37 44 46 34 46 ** 59 48 53 ** 35 ** 38 ** 46 ** ** ** 39
Income 96-100 Percentile 48 45 57 39 52 ** 71 58 64 ** 25 ** 27 ** 49 ** ** ** 54
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00
Professionals 48 ** 57 36 49 ** 57 54 60 ** 35 ** 40 ** 44 ** ** ** 41
White Collar 39 ** 39 34 48 ** 50 41 49 ** 38 ** 33 ** 42 ** ** ** 38
Blue Collar 22 ** 36 28 39 ** 50 38 45 ** 27 ** 30 ** 37 ** ** ** 38
Unskilled 6 ** 30 13 33 ** 51 39 35 ** 24 ** 37 ** 45 ** ** ** 33
Farmers 27 ** 38 43 34 ** 41 60 54 ** 44 ** 36 ** 41 ** ** ** 58
Housewives 25 ** 36 29 37 ** 42 41 44 ** 27 ** 26 ** 38 ** ** ** 40
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00
Union Households 21 33 37 27 41 ** 49 40 47 ** 26 ** 34 ** 37 ** ** ** 40
Non-Union Households 33 41 42 32 42 ** 49 44 49 ** 34 ** 33 ** 41 ** ** ** 38
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00
South 36 48 46 38 43 ** 48 41 46 ** 29 ** 29 ** 36 ** ** ** 43
Nonsouth 28 36 39 28 41 ** 50 44 50 ** 33 ** 35 ** 42 ** ** ** 37
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 15 ** ** ** 27
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 26 21 ** 18 ** 27 ** 34 ** ** ** 36
Born 1943-1958 38 25 37 24 41 ** 48 42 45 ** 30 ** 37 ** 41 ** ** ** 43
Born 1927-1942 26 37 43 33 44 ** 56 47 60 ** 36 ** 33 ** 45 ** ** ** 48
Born 1911-1926 31 37 40 32 41 ** 51 44 53 ** 38 ** 35 ** 45 ** ** ** 36
Born 1895-1910 34 45 41 31 38 ** 40 40 47 ** 40 ** 27 ** 40 ** ** ** 0
Born before 1895 32 47 35 29 38 ** 34 32 33 ** 100 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00
Democrats (incl leaners) 19 30 31 28 41 ** 45 37 39 ** 31 ** 30 ** 32 ** ** ** 28
Independents 27 36 42 31 40 ** 48 40 46 ** 24 ** 31 ** 41 ** ** ** 31
Republicans (incl leaners) 54 57 57 36 42 ** 57 56 65 ** 36 ** 38 ** 50 ** ** ** 55
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00
Liberals ** ** ** ** 49 ** 54 43 46 ** 29 ** 32 ** 34 ** ** ** 30
Moderates ** ** ** ** 39 ** 51 44 54 ** 36 ** 33 ** 45 ** ** ** 28
Conservatives ** ** ** ** 49 ** 65 61 62 ** 43 ** 44 ** 52 ** ** ** 59

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
....................

Table 4A.1.2
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 26OCT15)