The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Government Health Insurance 1970-2012
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'Govt. Insurance Plan (1,2,3)'


  % OF GROUP: '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Males 38 39 ** 35 39 ** ** 30 ** 34 ** 43 33 32 ** 39 ** 40 41 34
Females 39 36 ** 35 36 ** ** 32 ** 37 ** 46 37 37 ** 42 ** 45 45 32
  '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Whites non-Hispanic 36 35 ** 33 36 ** ** 30 ** 33 ** 43 32 32 ** 39 ** 41 39 30
Black non-Hispanic 69 62 ** 48 46 ** ** 38 ** 40 ** 52 50 46 ** 46 ** 47 54 44
Hispanic 57 38 ** 43 54 ** ** 26 ** 44 ** 43 44 37 ** 43 ** 40 46 39
Race oth/mult non-Hisp 25 30 ** 57 28 ** ** 38 ** 61 ** 49 46 41 ** 42 ** 59 64 33
  '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 46 42 ** 38 46 ** ** 29 ** 37 ** 44 35 42 ** 50 ** 35 43 30
High School Diploma 37 34 ** 34 35 ** ** 32 ** 37 ** 44 37 37 ** 43 ** 47 42 33
Some College, no Degree 39 35 ** 37 40 ** ** 34 ** 36 ** 48 34 36 ** 38 ** 42 39 31
College Degree/ Post-grad 33 45 ** 32 33 ** ** 26 ** 31 ** 43 32 27 ** 37 ** 39 47 36
  '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Income 0-16 Percentile 50 45 ** 49 46 ** ** 29 ** 45 ** 49 41 45 ** 51 ** 57 58 39
Income 17-33 Percentile 51 37 ** 39 46 ** ** 35 ** 39 ** 47 46 40 ** 42 ** 48 51 37
Income 34-67 Percentile 36 39 ** 34 37 ** ** 33 ** 38 ** 44 35 36 ** 41 ** 43 41 32
Income 68-95 Percentile 34 34 ** 31 33 ** ** 29 ** 29 ** 44 29 31 ** 39 ** 36 35 29
Income 96-100 Percentile 30 25 ** 21 27 ** ** 14 ** 17 ** 31 22 16 ** 28 ** 29 30 32
  '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Professionals 34 37 ** 32 36 ** ** 28 ** 34 ** 45 29 29 ** 35 ** 40 ** **
White Collar 36 42 ** 34 39 ** ** 29 ** 36 ** 44 37 34 ** 42 ** 38 ** **
Blue Collar 42 41 ** 41 41 ** ** 38 ** 38 ** 48 40 39 ** 45 ** 49 ** **
Unskilled 58 48 ** 33 49 ** ** 19 ** 26 ** 40 47 40 ** 61 ** 44 ** **
Farmers 49 32 ** 29 28 ** ** 26 ** 40 ** 32 30 26 ** 39 ** 35 ** **
Housewives 37 32 ** 28 30 ** ** 24 ** 34 ** 40 26 38 ** 33 ** 40 ** **
  '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Union Households 41 43 ** 36 41 ** ** 35 ** 36 ** 52 36 36 ** 42 ** 44 43 34
Non-Union Households 38 35 ** 35 36 ** ** 30 ** 36 ** 43 35 34 ** 40 ** 42 43 33
  '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
South 33 33 ** 29 32 ** ** 31 ** 33 ** 38 33 35 ** 39 ** 37 38 32
Nonsouth 41 39 ** 37 39 ** ** 31 ** 37 ** 48 36 35 ** 41 ** 45 46 33
  '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 36
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 31 51 38 ** 49 ** 51 46 37
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** 26 ** ** 26 ** 35 ** 44 36 35 ** 37 ** 41 45 32
Born 1943-1958 39 39 ** 38 36 ** ** 32 ** 37 ** 48 36 36 ** 42 ** 43 45 32
Born 1927-1942 36 37 ** 32 36 ** ** 30 ** 34 ** 44 34 35 ** 39 ** 37 34 26
Born 1911-1926 38 34 ** 34 39 ** ** 31 ** 35 ** 41 29 27 ** 39 ** 32 27 23
Born 1895-1910 44 41 ** 35 44 ** ** 31 ** 40 ** 33 13 40 ** 0 ** ** ** **
Born before 1895 43 39 ** 32 42 ** ** 100 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Democrats (incl leaners) 47 43 ** 42 45 ** ** 36 ** 44 ** 56 47 46 ** 48 ** 56 56 50
Independents 37 37 ** 36 34 ** ** 36 ** 36 ** 44 40 36 ** 43 ** 42 39 31
Republicans (incl leaners) 26 29 ** 24 25 ** ** 24 ** 26 ** 30 20 19 ** 27 ** 27 27 13
  '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Liberals ** 57 ** 56 56 ** ** 43 ** 51 ** 66 59 45 ** 54 ** 65 68 60
Moderates ** 38 ** 34 38 ** ** 34 ** 38 ** 45 39 41 ** 43 ** 50 47 32
Conservatives ** 29 ** 22 26 ** ** 23 ** 29 ** 34 20 19 ** 21 ** 22 26 15

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
....................

Table 4A.3.1
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 26OCT15)