The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Government Health Insurance 1970-2012
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'Private Insurance Plan (5,6,7)'


  % OF GROUP: '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Males 38 33 ** 37 38 ** ** 39 ** 37 ** 29 42 40 ** 34 ** 36 34 42
Females 32 33 ** 33 32 ** ** 30 ** 29 ** 20 33 31 ** 30 ** 27 28 41
  '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Whites non-Hispanic 37 35 ** 37 37 ** ** 36 ** 36 ** 26 41 37 ** 34 ** 34 35 47
Black non-Hispanic 15 18 ** 16 20 ** ** 23 ** 25 ** 17 18 23 ** 25 ** 25 16 22
Hispanic 7 19 ** 30 17 ** ** 32 ** 20 ** 18 31 34 ** 31 ** 25 23 29
Race oth/mult non-Hisp 25 30 ** 29 24 ** ** 0 ** 11 ** 29 31 31 ** 26 ** 31 18 38
  '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 21 24 ** 23 19 ** ** 25 ** 19 ** 17 27 29 ** 11 ** 30 30 35
High School Diploma 37 35 ** 34 33 ** ** 32 ** 30 ** 20 33 29 ** 29 ** 25 30 37
Some College, no Degree 42 36 ** 37 36 ** ** 33 ** 37 ** 28 41 39 ** 38 ** 35 30 43
College Degree/ Post-grad 46 36 ** 44 50 ** ** 46 ** 39 ** 30 47 45 ** 37 ** 37 33 47
  '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Income 0-16 Percentile 15 19 ** 15 19 ** ** 26 ** 21 ** 14 22 18 ** 25 ** 14 20 26
Income 17-33 Percentile 22 35 ** 27 26 ** ** 28 ** 25 ** 20 27 26 ** 27 ** 27 26 33
Income 34-67 Percentile 36 34 ** 36 37 ** ** 34 ** 32 ** 25 39 38 ** 31 ** 31 28 43
Income 68-95 Percentile 44 38 ** 44 39 ** ** 40 ** 42 ** 31 47 44 ** 39 ** 43 40 53
Income 96-100 Percentile 56 49 ** 55 56 ** ** 56 ** 60 ** 35 48 50 ** 41 ** 44 53 50
  '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Professionals 45 39 ** 41 44 ** ** 44 ** 37 ** 28 45 44 ** 38 ** 36 ** **
White Collar 36 33 ** 41 36 ** ** 34 ** 37 ** 23 39 32 ** 32 ** 38 ** **
Blue Collar 31 29 ** 29 29 ** ** 29 ** 28 ** 22 32 31 ** 26 ** 25 ** **
Unskilled 29 33 ** 32 20 ** ** 48 ** 38 ** 22 25 25 ** 21 ** 18 ** **
Farmers 28 26 ** 37 40 ** ** 35 ** 34 ** 30 41 44 ** 34 ** 46 ** **
Housewives 31 34 ** 34 34 ** ** 26 ** 28 ** 24 36 35 ** 38 ** 26 ** **
  '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Union Households 32 30 ** 34 32 ** ** 32 ** 31 ** 23 36 33 ** 29 ** 29 33 42
Non-Union Households 35 34 ** 34 35 ** ** 35 ** 33 ** 25 37 36 ** 33 ** 32 30 42
  '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
South 42 39 ** 32 35 ** ** 32 ** 34 ** 24 34 34 ** 32 ** 32 33 41
Nonsouth 32 31 ** 35 34 ** ** 35 ** 32 ** 24 39 36 ** 32 ** 31 28 42
  '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 37
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 23 18 27 ** 22 ** 26 24 35
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** 39 ** ** 37 ** 34 ** 25 37 36 ** 32 ** 33 30 44
Born 1943-1958 34 32 ** 34 35 ** ** 34 ** 35 ** 22 40 37 ** 34 ** 32 33 45
Born 1927-1942 41 37 ** 38 38 ** ** 37 ** 33 ** 25 38 35 ** 37 ** 32 37 46
Born 1911-1926 39 38 ** 37 33 ** ** 35 ** 26 ** 25 39 33 ** 32 ** 38 43 55
Born 1895-1910 25 25 ** 24 28 ** ** 20 ** 27 ** 21 41 46 ** 85 ** ** ** **
Born before 1895 20 16 ** 32 25 ** ** 0 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Democrats (incl leaners) 28 28 ** 27 28 ** ** 27 ** 22 ** 15 23 24 ** 23 ** 18 16 21
Independents 35 27 ** 32 29 ** ** 29 ** 25 ** 18 24 24 ** 22 ** 28 25 33
Republicans (incl leaners) 46 42 ** 48 49 ** ** 43 ** 46 ** 39 58 54 ** 49 ** 49 51 70
  '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Liberals ** 26 ** 21 28 ** ** 36 ** 25 ** 15 18 25 ** 18 ** 12 10 18
Moderates ** 36 ** 40 31 ** ** 38 ** 31 ** 23 30 28 ** 25 ** 24 19 33
Conservatives ** 46 ** 52 53 ** ** 43 ** 46 ** 38 58 59 ** 52 ** 55 54 69

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
....................

Table 4A.3.2
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 26OCT15)