The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Change in Situation of Blacks 1964-1994
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'Not Much'


  % OF GROUP: '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94
Males 21 20 15 10 9 ** 9 ** ** ** 12 16 17 16 18 21
Females 18 16 14 12 7 ** 6 ** ** ** 12 14 17 16 19 23
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94
Whites non-Hispanic 21 18 15 10 8 ** 6 ** ** ** 10 12 14 15 16 20
Black non-Hispanic 11 10 6 14 9 ** 18 ** ** ** 19 30 33 26 35 31
Hispanic ** 31 25 13 5 ** 10 ** ** ** 19 20 22 16 19 31
Race oth/mult non-Hisp ** 25 25 0 11 ** 8 ** ** ** 14 13 27 4 14 44
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 21 19 18 12 13 ** 9 ** ** ** 8 16 16 8 13 22
High School Diploma 20 19 14 10 8 ** 6 ** ** ** 9 14 15 15 15 21
Some College, no Degree 18 14 13 11 6 ** 7 ** ** ** 13 12 21 18 20 22
College Degree/ Post-grad 17 10 11 9 5 ** 8 ** ** ** 19 20 20 22 25 26
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94
Income 0-16 Percentile 21 17 17 10 10 ** 8 ** ** ** 12 20 21 18 21 25
Income 17-33 Percentile 20 24 16 13 11 ** 9 ** ** ** 10 14 15 20 14 23
Income 34-67 Percentile 18 15 15 9 7 ** 7 ** ** ** 10 15 17 14 19 20
Income 68-95 Percentile 19 20 10 11 6 ** 6 ** ** ** 14 10 18 16 18 22
Income 96-100 Percentile 17 13 15 6 7 ** 4 ** ** ** 16 15 13 16 25 40
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94
Professionals 19 ** 16 10 7 ** 7 ** ** ** 13 16 20 18 23 23
White Collar 15 ** 10 13 6 ** 5 ** ** ** 9 15 16 16 16 21
Blue Collar 20 ** 14 11 9 ** 8 ** ** ** 14 15 17 16 16 21
Unskilled 19 ** 7 17 14 ** 5 ** ** ** 14 20 24 8 20 18
Farmers 36 ** 13 8 11 ** 19 ** ** ** 10 16 7 11 11 18
Housewives 19 ** 15 10 8 ** 5 ** ** ** 8 8 12 15 19 26
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94
Union Households 17 21 12 12 8 ** 7 ** ** ** 14 15 17 17 15 17
Non-Union Households 20 16 15 10 8 ** 7 ** ** ** 11 15 17 16 19 24
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94
South 20 17 13 12 9 ** 5 ** ** ** 11 15 17 13 17 22
Nonsouth 19 18 15 10 8 ** 8 ** ** ** 12 15 17 18 19 23
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 31 34
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 15 21 24 22 23 26
Born 1943-1958 23 17 16 11 8 ** 7 ** ** ** 15 17 20 17 22 26
Born 1927-1942 21 17 14 12 8 ** 9 ** ** ** 10 12 12 13 11 16
Born 1911-1926 16 16 12 8 8 ** 6 ** ** ** 6 8 11 11 11 10
Born 1895-1910 21 17 16 11 9 ** 6 ** ** ** 7 8 9 7 16 13
Born before 1895 25 22 17 19 9 ** 6 ** ** ** 0 0 ** ** ** **
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94
Democrats (incl leaners) 18 19 12 11 8 ** 8 ** ** ** 15 15 21 16 21 23
Independents 21 20 19 13 11 ** 9 ** ** ** 12 14 17 18 20 28
Republicans (incl leaners) 22 15 17 10 7 ** 4 ** ** ** 8 14 13 16 14 21
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94
Liberals ** ** ** ** 6 ** 10 ** ** ** 15 23 26 23 28 26
Moderates ** ** ** ** 8 ** 6 ** ** ** 12 12 17 13 19 21
Conservatives ** ** ** ** 6 ** 4 ** ** ** 9 12 13 14 14 20

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
....................

Table 4B.1.1
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 26OCT15)