The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Federal Government Ensure School Integration 1962-2000
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'Govt. See to It'


  % OF GROUP: '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00
Males 49 41 46 36 43 37 ** 25 26 ** ** ** 31 ** 32 28 25 ** ** 32
Females 46 42 46 40 46 37 ** 24 28 ** ** ** 30 ** 32 35 30 ** ** 36
  '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00
Whites non-Hispanic 46 38 43 33 41 32 ** 20 22 ** ** ** 24 ** 26 26 23 ** ** 30
Black non-Hispanic 63 68 75 84 83 74 ** 62 57 ** ** ** 59 ** 61 56 51 ** ** 50
Hispanic ** ** 62 63 63 50 ** 24 45 ** ** ** 43 ** 43 52 40 ** ** 42
Race oth/mult non-Hisp ** ** 75 50 0 37 ** 32 64 ** ** ** 50 ** 33 33 35 ** ** 40
  '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 41 34 38 36 37 38 ** 28 31 ** ** ** 26 ** 34 30 35 ** ** 40
High School Diploma 48 43 47 37 45 34 ** 21 25 ** ** ** 28 ** 29 34 27 ** ** 36
Some College, no Degree 52 46 55 40 47 37 ** 22 27 ** ** ** 30 ** 30 31 29 ** ** 36
College Degree/ Post-grad 56 47 52 46 64 47 ** 32 32 ** ** ** 38 ** 40 31 27 ** ** 29
  '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00
Income 0-16 Percentile 44 37 41 36 45 42 ** 32 32 ** ** ** 34 ** 39 42 33 ** ** 38
Income 17-33 Percentile 45 40 50 40 49 41 ** 29 33 ** ** ** 30 ** 29 40 34 ** ** 42
Income 34-67 Percentile 47 40 46 37 42 36 ** 22 24 ** ** ** 30 ** 31 31 28 ** ** 29
Income 68-95 Percentile 54 46 50 40 45 34 ** 21 24 ** ** ** 29 ** 30 26 23 ** ** 32
Income 96-100 Percentile 50 47 51 37 62 38 ** 28 28 ** ** ** 39 ** 22 26 26 ** ** 31
  '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00
Professionals ** 43 ** 43 51 35 ** 28 27 ** ** ** 34 ** 35 33 27 ** ** 29
White Collar ** 40 ** 36 45 37 ** 22 24 ** ** ** 26 ** 33 30 25 ** ** 37
Blue Collar ** 47 ** 36 46 38 ** 25 28 ** ** ** 27 ** 29 30 28 ** ** 38
Unskilled ** 36 ** 48 65 43 ** 22 41 ** ** ** 33 ** 44 40 28 ** ** 30
Farmers ** 23 ** 37 34 46 ** 24 32 ** ** ** 28 ** 31 35 18 ** ** 26
Housewives ** 39 ** 38 40 33 ** 19 22 ** ** ** 29 ** 28 32 30 ** ** 32
  '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00
Union Households ** 47 49 40 44 35 ** 23 29 ** ** ** 30 ** 29 31 27 ** ** 33
Non-Union Households ** 40 45 38 45 37 ** 25 26 ** ** ** 30 ** 32 32 28 ** ** 35
  '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00
South 19 28 31 32 34 32 ** 25 26 ** ** ** 29 ** 40 35 30 ** ** 34
Nonsouth 58 46 51 40 49 39 ** 24 27 ** ** ** 31 ** 28 31 27 ** ** 35
  '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 54 28 ** ** 46
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 30 ** ** ** 41 ** 35 34 32 ** ** 32
Born 1943-1958 ** 35 64 43 57 44 ** 28 31 ** ** ** 29 ** 36 31 27 ** ** 33
Born 1927-1942 50 46 47 43 44 35 ** 21 25 ** ** ** 31 ** 26 30 23 ** ** 29
Born 1911-1926 43 43 48 38 42 32 ** 23 22 ** ** ** 23 ** 28 32 27 ** ** 36
Born 1895-1910 47 39 42 31 41 33 ** 22 27 ** ** ** 25 ** 15 34 28 ** ** 60
Born before 1895 52 27 34 32 38 40 ** 28 31 ** ** ** 0 ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00
Democrats (incl leaners) 47 44 50 45 48 40 ** 30 32 ** ** ** 35 ** 37 40 37 ** ** 42
Independents 59 36 48 32 34 38 ** 19 23 ** ** ** 28 ** 30 28 26 ** ** 26
Republicans (incl leaners) 49 38 40 30 45 32 ** 18 20 ** ** ** 24 ** 26 23 19 ** ** 26
  '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00
Liberals ** ** ** ** ** 58 ** 42 37 ** ** ** 46 ** 46 39 41 ** ** 37
Moderates ** ** ** ** ** 34 ** 22 26 ** ** ** 26 ** 34 34 32 ** ** 37
Conservatives ** ** ** ** ** 29 ** 19 21 ** ** ** 26 ** 25 25 20 ** ** 24

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
....................

Table 4B.5.1
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 26OCT15)