The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Federal Government Ensure School Integration 1962-2000
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'Govt. Stay Out'


  % OF GROUP: '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00
Males 32 41 34 49 35 46 ** 44 41 ** ** ** 36 ** 32 37 39 ** ** 32
Females 32 36 34 40 32 44 ** 36 40 ** ** ** 30 ** 29 30 31 ** ** 26
  '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00
Whites non-Hispanic 34 42 37 48 36 49 ** 43 45 ** ** ** 39 ** 35 38 39 ** ** 32
Black non-Hispanic 13 12 9 6 7 11 ** 10 11 ** ** ** 8 ** 14 15 13 ** ** 11
Hispanic ** ** 8 19 38 33 ** 33 22 ** ** ** 12 ** 13 11 22 ** ** 24
Race oth/mult non-Hisp ** ** 0 25 50 32 ** 45 12 ** ** ** 19 ** 26 36 26 ** ** 19
  '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 35 41 38 45 33 40 ** 36 27 ** ** ** 23 ** 22 29 20 ** ** 15
High School Diploma 32 38 33 43 36 48 ** 41 41 ** ** ** 32 ** 28 31 31 ** ** 26
Some College, no Degree 30 38 29 50 35 46 ** 42 48 ** ** ** 35 ** 36 33 39 ** ** 29
College Degree/ Post-grad 27 33 36 39 21 38 ** 35 41 ** ** ** 38 ** 33 36 42 ** ** 34
  '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00
Income 0-16 Percentile 36 40 33 42 27 38 ** 29 31 ** ** ** 25 ** 20 25 24 ** ** 19
Income 17-33 Percentile 35 35 31 39 30 38 ** 38 31 ** ** ** 25 ** 27 27 26 ** ** 23
Income 34-67 Percentile 30 40 36 48 36 47 ** 39 43 ** ** ** 36 ** 31 35 37 ** ** 35
Income 68-95 Percentile 30 39 33 45 36 48 ** 44 48 ** ** ** 35 ** 36 38 41 ** ** 33
Income 96-100 Percentile 27 35 32 43 22 49 ** 41 51 ** ** ** 46 ** 39 45 45 ** ** 28
  '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00
Professionals ** 42 ** 42 27 47 ** 40 45 ** ** ** 37 ** 36 34 39 ** ** 33
White Collar ** 40 ** 49 36 45 ** 41 46 ** ** ** 38 ** 26 35 36 ** ** 28
Blue Collar ** 36 ** 46 35 43 ** 41 35 ** ** ** 32 ** 31 32 33 ** ** 23
Unskilled ** 31 ** 41 17 33 ** 39 34 ** ** ** 13 ** 12 30 24 ** ** 18
Farmers ** 49 ** 42 37 28 ** 34 32 ** ** ** 28 ** 31 26 33 ** ** 50
Housewives ** 37 ** 41 36 48 ** 37 45 ** ** ** 28 ** 30 33 33 ** ** 31
  '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00
Union Households ** 34 33 45 39 44 ** 42 40 ** ** ** 33 ** 28 36 37 ** ** 27
Non-Union Households ** 40 34 44 32 45 ** 39 41 ** ** ** 33 ** 31 32 34 ** ** 29
  '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00
South 65 55 50 55 45 53 ** 40 40 ** ** ** 33 ** 28 32 32 ** ** 31
Nonsouth 20 33 29 41 29 41 ** 39 41 ** ** ** 33 ** 32 33 36 ** ** 27
  '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 8 16 ** ** 20
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 33 ** ** ** 19 ** 22 27 29 ** ** 29
Born 1943-1958 ** 50 24 41 27 39 ** 34 39 ** ** ** 37 ** 29 35 40 ** ** 30
Born 1927-1942 30 35 33 42 34 47 ** 44 44 ** ** ** 36 ** 41 37 41 ** ** 35
Born 1911-1926 33 38 32 45 36 49 ** 42 45 ** ** ** 34 ** 34 34 34 ** ** 24
Born 1895-1910 34 41 39 48 34 46 ** 43 34 ** ** ** 29 ** 41 37 20 ** ** 9
Born before 1895 29 48 40 45 40 32 ** 27 23 ** ** ** 0 ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00
Democrats (incl leaners) 33 36 33 39 34 43 ** 35 35 ** ** ** 25 ** 28 26 27 ** ** 21
Independents 25 43 24 50 34 40 ** 39 41 ** ** ** 34 ** 22 35 26 ** ** 30
Republicans (incl leaners) 30 43 39 51 34 49 ** 47 50 ** ** ** 44 ** 36 41 45 ** ** 38
  '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00
Liberals ** ** ** ** ** 29 ** 29 37 ** ** ** 26 ** 23 26 31 ** ** 25
Moderates ** ** ** ** ** 51 ** 41 44 ** ** ** 37 ** 34 37 32 ** ** 28
Conservatives ** ** ** ** ** 57 ** 51 51 ** ** ** 44 ** 44 41 45 ** ** 43

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
....................

Table 4B.5.2
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 26OCT15)