The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Government See to Fair Treatment in Jobs 1964-2012
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'Don't See to It'


  % OF GROUP: '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Males 44 ** 44 ** 34 ** ** ** ** ** ** 15 25 ** 26 ** 32 ** 30 ** 27 27 52
Females 37 ** 42 ** 36 ** ** ** ** ** ** 13 19 ** 26 ** 28 ** 28 ** 27 22 49
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Whites non-Hispanic 44 ** 46 ** 38 ** ** ** ** ** ** 17 27 ** 31 ** 34 ** 34 ** 33 29 57
Black non-Hispanic 5 ** 9 ** 8 ** ** ** ** ** ** 3 4 ** 7 ** 6 ** 6 ** 7 7 22
Hispanic ** ** 31 ** 33 ** ** ** ** ** ** 7 9 ** 12 ** 23 ** 21 ** 19 20 48
Race oth/mult non-Hisp ** ** 25 ** 21 ** ** ** ** ** ** 5 9 ** 26 ** 15 ** 22 ** 32 18 46
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 32 ** 38 ** 30 ** ** ** ** ** ** 13 15 ** 19 ** 20 ** 21 ** 21 9 45
High School Diploma 42 ** 47 ** 37 ** ** ** ** ** ** 13 21 ** 26 ** 28 ** 27 ** 26 23 52
Some College, no Degree 46 ** 48 ** 40 ** ** ** ** ** ** 15 27 ** 28 ** 33 ** 31 ** 30 27 54
College Degree/ Post-grad 41 ** 32 ** 29 ** ** ** ** ** ** 15 23 ** 24 ** 30 ** 29 ** 26 27 47
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Income 0-16 Percentile 30 ** 32 ** 29 ** ** ** ** ** ** 9 14 ** 20 ** 21 ** 19 ** 13 15 45
Income 17-33 Percentile 35 ** 43 ** 33 ** ** ** ** ** ** 16 18 ** 25 ** 23 ** 26 ** 27 18 46
Income 34-67 Percentile 42 ** 47 ** 36 ** ** ** ** ** ** 14 25 ** 24 ** 32 ** 32 ** 27 28 54
Income 68-95 Percentile 44 ** 45 ** 38 ** ** ** ** ** ** 14 25 ** 30 ** 34 ** 33 ** 35 29 54
Income 96-100 Percentile 50 ** 41 ** 42 ** ** ** ** ** ** 15 34 ** 31 ** 30 ** 34 ** 33 31 50
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Professionals 51 ** 43 ** 36 ** ** ** ** ** ** 17 24 ** 28 ** 35 ** 31 ** 28 ** **
White Collar 42 ** 49 ** 39 ** ** ** ** ** ** 14 23 ** 30 ** 30 ** 26 ** 33 ** **
Blue Collar 35 ** 43 ** 32 ** ** ** ** ** ** 13 21 ** 24 ** 24 ** 27 ** 22 ** **
Unskilled 28 ** 33 ** 22 ** ** ** ** ** ** 7 13 ** 20 ** 22 ** 26 ** 8 ** **
Farmers 36 ** 38 ** 26 ** ** ** ** ** ** 12 28 ** 24 ** 27 ** 43 ** 27 ** **
Housewives 38 ** 41 ** 39 ** ** ** ** ** ** 16 21 ** 30 ** 37 ** 30 ** 34 ** **
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Union Households 36 ** 43 ** 34 ** ** ** ** ** ** 13 22 ** 27 ** 31 ** 29 ** 25 26 51
Non-Union Households 41 ** 43 ** 36 ** ** ** ** ** ** 14 22 ** 26 ** 29 ** 28 ** 28 24 51
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
South 46 ** 49 ** 38 ** ** ** ** ** ** 14 20 ** 23 ** 27 ** 28 ** 21 29 50
Nonsouth 38 ** 40 ** 34 ** ** ** ** ** ** 14 23 ** 27 ** 31 ** 29 ** 30 21 51
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 40
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 0 ** 15 ** 19 ** 18 19 51
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 9 15 ** 21 ** 30 ** 30 ** 29 22 53
Born 1943-1958 46 ** 39 ** 32 ** ** ** ** ** ** 14 22 ** 25 ** 28 ** 29 ** 29 31 52
Born 1927-1942 37 ** 41 ** 38 ** ** ** ** ** ** 15 30 ** 30 ** 35 ** 36 ** 32 29 52
Born 1911-1926 39 ** 45 ** 37 ** ** ** ** ** ** 18 24 ** 34 ** 31 ** 22 ** 22 22 41
Born 1895-1910 44 ** 42 ** 36 ** ** ** ** ** ** 19 17 ** 29 ** 31 ** 33 ** ** ** **
Born before 1895 43 ** 45 ** 31 ** ** ** ** ** ** 0 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Democrats (incl leaners) 36 ** 37 ** 33 ** ** ** ** ** ** 12 17 ** 20 ** 21 ** 20 ** 16 16 36
Independents 34 ** 50 ** 32 ** ** ** ** ** ** 15 19 ** 23 ** 24 ** 31 ** 28 19 52
Republicans (incl leaners) 51 ** 50 ** 40 ** ** ** ** ** ** 16 28 ** 35 ** 42 ** 39 ** 40 38 69
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Liberals ** ** ** ** 24 ** ** ** ** ** ** 11 15 ** 16 ** 23 ** 20 ** 11 18 31
Moderates ** ** ** ** 40 ** ** ** ** ** ** 17 22 ** 29 ** 27 ** 28 ** 26 27 54
Conservatives ** ** ** ** 48 ** ** ** ** ** ** 16 30 ** 34 ** 43 ** 42 ** 43 32 64

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
....................

Table 4B.8.2
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 26OCT15)