The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Equal Role for Women 1972-2008
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'Equal Role (1,2,3)'


  % OF GROUP: '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Males 48 53 54 60 57 56 56 ** 64 64 72 67 73 77 72 ** 77 82
Females 45 49 48 54 59 59 52 ** 65 59 71 64 75 71 81 ** 79 84
  '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Whites non-Hispanic 46 50 50 56 59 57 54 ** 65 62 72 65 75 74 77 ** 80 85
Black non-Hispanic 49 56 53 58 54 65 51 ** 61 63 71 64 72 75 67 ** 72 79
Hispanic 32 29 49 62 59 58 54 ** 65 54 70 64 73 74 87 ** 78 81
Race oth/mult non-Hisp 47 64 63 63 65 55 53 ** 73 60 61 66 68 75 87 ** 81 85
  '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 34 34 29 32 35 30 28 ** 39 37 49 34 55 52 45 ** 38 65
High School Diploma 42 44 43 52 51 50 45 ** 61 55 66 54 69 67 72 ** 75 78
Some College, no Degree 59 67 68 68 72 71 66 ** 72 72 78 78 80 81 84 ** 83 90
College Degree/ Post-grad 66 73 74 77 76 75 77 ** 79 81 82 82 82 83 85 ** 86 87
  '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Income 0-16 Percentile 41 49 42 47 49 55 40 ** 56 46 64 49 67 67 73 ** 76 77
Income 17-33 Percentile 46 48 43 53 56 52 44 ** 54 55 66 61 70 65 71 ** 77 84
Income 34-67 Percentile 43 48 51 55 57 57 56 ** 68 63 72 68 76 73 75 ** 80 85
Income 68-95 Percentile 54 58 58 66 67 69 64 ** 73 72 78 74 80 80 88 ** 81 85
Income 96-100 Percentile 59 49 68 65 72 58 81 ** 83 73 87 83 93 88 87 ** 86 88
  '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Professionals 59 65 71 72 70 69 71 ** 77 77 81 78 82 81 86 ** 87 **
White Collar 58 58 54 67 63 65 58 ** 69 74 76 72 77 79 79 ** 80 **
Blue Collar 41 46 47 49 49 53 48 ** 59 56 67 60 69 68 71 ** 76 **
Unskilled 45 49 50 63 54 54 52 ** 55 53 65 50 64 71 69 ** 76 **
Farmers 31 35 32 50 64 35 39 ** 52 46 53 42 50 39 49 ** 54 **
Housewives 37 36 33 39 49 43 32 ** 52 40 59 44 63 61 73 ** 59 **
  '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Union Households 44 48 53 58 54 61 62 ** 68 64 73 64 80 79 86 ** 82 86
Non-Union Households 48 51 50 56 59 57 52 ** 64 61 71 65 73 73 75 ** 77 83
  '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
South 43 49 44 54 55 54 47 ** 60 55 69 63 72 75 71 ** 75 81
Nonsouth 48 51 52 57 59 60 57 ** 67 65 73 66 75 73 80 ** 80 85
  '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 77 68 85 80 82 ** 86 91
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** 64 60 63 62 ** 72 68 78 72 79 78 80 ** 81 84
Born 1943-1958 55 65 61 67 68 68 64 ** 74 71 77 71 80 77 82 ** 78 83
Born 1927-1942 47 47 54 54 59 56 53 ** 58 55 65 59 65 68 67 ** 71 75
Born 1911-1926 43 40 44 50 46 49 39 ** 53 44 57 43 57 56 60 ** 53 54
Born 1895-1910 38 41 32 38 45 39 26 ** 33 28 50 31 47 36 74 ** ** **
Born before 1895 36 32 32 29 50 14 33 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Democrats (incl leaners) 48 54 52 58 60 59 57 ** 65 64 75 65 79 78 81 ** 82 86
Independents 42 49 48 59 55 61 47 ** 65 53 75 67 69 74 72 ** 74 76
Republicans (incl leaners) 46 43 50 53 57 54 52 ** 65 60 66 65 69 68 72 ** 76 84
  '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Liberals 70 79 72 85 77 82 77 ** 79 85 90 88 92 89 92 ** 90 92
Moderates 48 51 57 56 63 64 54 ** 68 61 76 67 76 79 84 ** 87 84
Conservatives 44 44 48 52 57 57 54 ** 63 61 64 62 68 67 72 ** 71 82

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
....................

Table 4C.1.1
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 26OCT15)