The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Equal Role for Women 1972-2008
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'Women's Place in Home (5,6,7)'


  % OF GROUP: '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Males 28 25 21 20 21 17 13 ** 14 13 10 11 9 7 11 ** 7 6
Females 30 27 24 23 18 19 17 ** 14 18 11 14 12 10 9 ** 8 7
  '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Whites non-Hispanic 29 26 23 22 19 19 16 ** 14 14 10 12 11 10 9 ** 8 6
Black non-Hispanic 27 19 20 18 24 13 17 ** 16 19 14 13 15 6 19 ** 7 9
Hispanic 34 42 23 18 12 21 9 ** 12 16 12 14 4 5 4 ** 3 9
Race oth/mult non-Hisp 37 7 20 8 12 18 14 ** 7 24 17 14 6 10 5 ** 5 1
  '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 41 38 37 38 31 33 20 ** 29 30 23 30 17 24 38 ** 39 27
High School Diploma 30 28 25 23 24 22 19 ** 15 18 13 15 13 10 12 ** 8 10
Some College, no Degree 20 17 14 15 11 13 10 ** 10 10 6 9 9 6 5 ** 5 2
College Degree/ Post-grad 17 16 11 12 9 7 9 ** 8 7 6 6 6 6 5 ** 5 3
  '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Income 0-16 Percentile 34 25 30 29 25 21 19 ** 19 28 16 19 16 12 13 ** 9 11
Income 17-33 Percentile 31 28 26 21 20 23 21 ** 20 19 15 10 11 14 12 ** 7 6
Income 34-67 Percentile 31 29 22 24 21 17 14 ** 14 13 10 14 11 8 11 ** 8 5
Income 68-95 Percentile 24 22 21 16 14 15 12 ** 8 9 8 9 7 5 4 ** 4 6
Income 96-100 Percentile 20 21 15 15 16 11 7 ** 6 12 3 3 4 3 5 ** 4 3
  '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Professionals 19 17 13 13 14 12 8 ** 8 8 6 7 6 6 5 ** 3 **
White Collar 18 23 20 14 14 14 13 ** 12 11 10 10 9 6 7 ** 6 **
Blue Collar 34 28 23 25 24 19 17 ** 16 17 14 14 13 11 13 ** 10 **
Unskilled 35 22 20 17 23 21 16 ** 23 16 12 19 13 2 20 ** 11 **
Farmers 40 38 36 18 25 21 11 ** 24 31 16 24 16 20 42 ** 18 **
Housewives 38 33 33 33 28 30 28 ** 23 25 12 25 22 14 14 ** 19 **
  '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Union Households 30 29 22 21 19 19 11 ** 12 10 10 13 7 5 6 ** 7 6
Non-Union Households 28 25 23 22 20 18 16 ** 15 16 11 12 11 9 11 ** 8 6
  '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
South 33 26 25 24 22 21 18 ** 17 21 13 13 12 7 12 ** 9 8
Nonsouth 28 26 22 20 19 17 14 ** 13 13 10 12 10 9 9 ** 7 5
  '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 8 2 1 7 5 ** 5 2
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** 16 19 17 12 ** 12 11 7 10 8 7 7 ** 5 4
Born 1943-1958 24 16 16 15 16 14 12 ** 10 12 9 11 9 6 7 ** 5 9
Born 1927-1942 31 29 23 23 18 17 15 ** 17 17 14 16 14 9 17 ** 14 10
Born 1911-1926 30 31 28 25 27 22 24 ** 16 24 15 21 18 20 23 ** 25 27
Born 1895-1910 32 32 28 34 22 27 18 ** 32 38 23 21 42 38 0 ** ** **
Born before 1895 40 37 43 46 10 71 0 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Democrats (incl leaners) 28 21 22 20 18 16 14 ** 14 15 10 12 8 7 8 ** 6 6
Independents 33 32 22 17 20 18 17 ** 11 14 9 8 13 9 11 ** 7 6
Republicans (incl leaners) 29 31 25 26 21 22 17 ** 15 17 12 14 13 11 12 ** 9 7
  '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Liberals 14 9 11 7 7 8 8 ** 8 4 4 3 3 3 4 ** 2 5
Moderates 26 22 17 18 16 12 14 ** 9 15 7 10 7 4 8 ** 3 4
Conservatives 32 36 29 28 24 19 19 ** 18 20 15 17 15 14 13 ** 12 8

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
....................

Table 4C.1.2
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 26OCT15)