The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Military Spending (2), 7-point scale 1980-2012
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'Decrease (1,2,3)'


  % OF GROUP: '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Males 9 27 28 32 29 42 42 34 24 ** 12 ** 14 21 30
Females 10 30 28 35 29 33 39 34 28 ** 14 ** 18 28 23
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Whites non-Hispanic 8 28 27 33 28 38 41 33 26 ** 13 ** 14 23 26
Black non-Hispanic 17 34 32 37 35 36 41 38 30 ** 11 ** 20 31 28
Hispanic 17 31 29 38 30 32 37 34 20 ** 14 ** 16 31 27
Race oth/mult non-Hisp 11 0 28 28 27 42 43 29 35 ** 15 ** 31 28 31
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 10 14 28 26 23 21 24 27 22 ** 11 ** 12 16 29
High School Diploma 8 23 23 29 26 28 33 30 21 ** 10 ** 13 16 20
Some College, no Degree 9 32 30 36 30 44 46 36 27 ** 17 ** 17 29 24
College Degree/ Post-grad 13 45 39 46 38 62 57 42 40 ** 16 ** 21 34 37
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Income 0-16 Percentile 13 23 31 30 25 23 39 30 31 ** 8 ** 20 24 22
Income 17-33 Percentile 10 30 32 35 28 35 37 34 20 ** 15 ** 17 29 26
Income 34-67 Percentile 8 28 29 34 32 38 41 37 26 ** 15 ** 18 25 27
Income 68-95 Percentile 10 31 28 33 27 45 42 34 28 ** 13 ** 13 23 29
Income 96-100 Percentile 8 34 21 40 28 47 57 44 32 ** 12 ** 16 19 32
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Professionals 11 35 34 40 33 53 52 40 33 ** 19 ** 24 ** **
White Collar 10 29 28 36 30 40 41 34 24 ** 11 ** 10 ** **
Blue Collar 9 23 27 29 26 32 36 31 21 ** 10 ** 14 ** **
Unskilled 22 31 24 14 25 26 25 42 33 ** 21 ** 13 ** **
Farmers 6 14 16 39 36 29 25 16 30 ** 0 ** 16 ** **
Housewives 8 25 23 28 24 22 31 26 27 ** 11 ** 13 ** **
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Union Households 10 32 33 35 32 36 41 40 30 ** 15 ** 18 20 27
Non-Union Households 9 27 27 33 28 38 41 32 26 ** 13 ** 15 25 27
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
South 9 22 22 26 22 25 32 27 21 ** 10 ** 14 24 22
Nonsouth 10 31 30 37 32 43 45 38 29 ** 14 ** 17 25 29
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 33
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** 69 37 25 ** 18 ** 22 30 28
Born 1959-1974 14 39 31 35 36 40 43 38 31 ** 15 ** 16 28 27
Born 1943-1958 10 36 30 37 31 42 45 37 29 ** 10 ** 16 22 25
Born 1927-1942 10 28 26 30 23 30 33 27 20 ** 11 ** 8 12 21
Born 1911-1926 9 20 25 29 23 33 37 24 17 ** 12 ** 12 20 19
Born 1895-1910 6 7 26 32 29 20 33 15 21 ** 0 ** ** ** **
Born before 1895 0 0 33 0 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Democrats (incl leaners) 13 34 38 43 37 43 48 42 32 ** 17 ** 24 35 37
Independents 7 30 26 27 31 25 37 31 24 ** 12 ** 16 17 26
Republicans (incl leaners) 6 19 16 23 19 33 33 26 19 ** 8 ** 6 12 14
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Liberals 22 64 49 57 50 65 64 59 54 ** 33 ** 31 47 48
Moderates 8 31 29 36 34 39 42 35 23 ** 11 ** 18 22 24
Conservatives 6 23 21 25 21 36 36 28 20 ** 7 ** 9 16 18

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
....................

Table 4D.3b.1
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 26OCT15)