The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Military Spending (2), 7-point scale 1980-2012
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'Increase (5,6,7)'


  % OF GROUP: '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Males 71 34 37 36 34 21 19 29 38 ** 54 ** 55 46 35
Females 53 20 26 24 25 18 15 21 25 ** 39 ** 40 29 32
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Whites non-Hispanic 63 28 33 30 29 19 16 26 31 ** 49 ** 51 39 35
Black non-Hispanic 41 17 23 25 23 20 16 23 25 ** 32 ** 36 28 26
Hispanic 55 17 27 23 31 21 22 21 32 ** 36 ** 41 31 30
Race oth/mult non-Hisp 72 27 21 43 32 22 19 10 39 ** 47 ** 44 38 31
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 49 20 22 19 23 17 21 20 27 ** 38 ** 37 44 21
High School Diploma 61 27 31 30 31 23 20 26 34 ** 46 ** 48 40 36
Some College, no Degree 67 26 35 33 32 19 16 27 30 ** 45 ** 50 39 35
College Degree/ Post-grad 60 28 30 27 22 12 11 23 27 ** 47 ** 44 31 28
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Income 0-16 Percentile 48 18 21 26 25 18 18 25 28 ** 37 ** 39 29 31
Income 17-33 Percentile 58 24 28 24 32 18 17 22 32 ** 35 ** 35 31 34
Income 34-67 Percentile 66 29 32 30 30 19 15 22 33 ** 47 ** 53 40 34
Income 68-95 Percentile 67 31 37 35 29 22 19 29 29 ** 54 ** 54 41 33
Income 96-100 Percentile 69 34 33 35 36 27 14 22 26 ** 59 ** 50 43 31
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Professionals 65 28 31 29 24 15 12 24 32 ** 46 ** 45 ** **
White Collar 58 24 29 29 27 21 16 26 26 ** 46 ** 50 ** **
Blue Collar 63 29 33 31 33 23 20 26 36 ** 50 ** 48 ** **
Unskilled 49 26 28 38 30 14 25 21 13 ** 43 ** 36 ** **
Farmers 71 28 34 21 28 14 22 34 25 ** 40 ** 61 ** **
Housewives 50 21 30 25 26 20 15 24 28 ** 35 ** 48 ** **
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Union Households 62 24 31 28 29 23 17 19 24 ** 50 ** 45 38 33
Non-Union Households 60 27 31 29 29 19 17 26 33 ** 45 ** 48 37 33
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
South 64 31 34 33 34 24 22 31 37 ** 49 ** 49 39 37
Nonsouth 59 24 30 27 26 17 15 22 28 ** 44 ** 46 36 31
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 19
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** 23 17 30 ** 32 ** 38 25 27
Born 1959-1974 60 19 33 31 30 20 17 23 26 ** 45 ** 48 38 33
Born 1943-1958 60 29 32 30 30 21 15 24 32 ** 48 ** 51 38 39
Born 1927-1942 65 28 32 35 28 23 20 34 41 ** 50 ** 55 51 43
Born 1911-1926 59 25 31 22 26 15 16 22 33 ** 49 ** 36 57 24
Born 1895-1910 58 19 22 19 24 11 15 20 26 ** 85 ** ** ** **
Born before 1895 30 29 33 0 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Democrats (incl leaners) 55 20 22 22 20 18 14 18 25 ** 37 ** 31 29 23
Independents 54 19 27 33 22 20 17 17 26 ** 40 ** 43 26 24
Republicans (incl leaners) 73 40 43 38 40 22 21 35 41 ** 60 ** 69 52 48
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Liberals 47 13 23 18 18 13 11 11 18 ** 35 ** 25 22 17
Moderates 64 23 30 30 26 18 18 21 34 ** 49 ** 46 39 31
Conservatives 73 41 43 39 40 25 21 36 41 ** 60 ** 66 51 46

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
....................

Table 4D.3b.2
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 26OCT15)