The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Condition of Nation's Economy Over the Last Year 1980-2012
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'Stayed Same'


  % OF GROUP: '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Males 14 21 29 40 49 21 26 37 42 34 41 24 30 8 36
Females 12 16 37 43 51 24 20 39 47 42 46 22 32 7 35
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Whites non-Hispanic 12 19 32 42 50 21 24 37 45 38 46 24 31 6 34
Black non-Hispanic 17 15 42 40 51 27 18 39 49 40 38 13 30 10 33
Hispanic 17 19 39 47 43 30 19 44 45 41 39 24 27 10 42
Race oth/mult non-Hisp 22 36 28 31 56 19 31 40 29 32 38 22 33 8 34
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 21 20 40 52 53 37 27 53 33 43 43 15 14 11 42
High School Diploma 13 19 38 41 53 23 22 41 47 39 45 28 34 8 35
Some College, no Degree 9 15 31 37 47 20 20 35 46 37 42 22 30 9 34
College Degree/ Post-grad 12 20 23 44 45 14 27 31 41 39 44 17 31 4 36
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Income 0-16 Percentile 18 19 41 52 54 28 25 42 46 36 45 ** 28 11 36
Income 17-33 Percentile 13 18 33 40 49 27 20 41 42 41 46 ** 26 10 36
Income 34-67 Percentile 13 20 33 42 48 20 24 38 47 38 41 ** 33 5 35
Income 68-95 Percentile 10 17 31 39 51 19 24 34 45 36 41 ** 30 6 34
Income 96-100 Percentile 5 11 20 31 41 14 26 35 41 45 49 ** 28 4 37
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Professionals 13 20 27 40 50 15 23 29 43 37 44 ** 27 ** **
White Collar 10 14 32 40 45 20 22 38 45 38 47 ** 34 ** **
Blue Collar 15 20 37 41 52 25 23 41 44 40 38 ** 33 ** **
Unskilled 14 14 39 50 64 32 17 44 38 40 48 ** 30 ** **
Farmers 13 22 38 34 63 26 35 59 43 24 70 ** 32 ** **
Housewives 11 18 36 45 48 27 21 44 53 43 53 ** 31 ** **
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Union Households 13 14 34 41 51 23 18 35 43 35 37 17 31 7 37
Non-Union Households 13 20 33 42 50 22 24 38 45 39 45 24 31 7 35
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
South 14 21 38 46 51 28 26 41 45 38 44 24 34 8 34
Nonsouth 12 17 32 40 50 20 22 36 44 39 44 23 30 7 35
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 34
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** 23 44 48 36 39 19 25 7 40
Born 1959-1974 10 26 39 47 54 25 23 38 47 40 44 26 31 5 36
Born 1943-1958 13 17 32 40 47 18 24 37 43 40 43 23 36 7 31
Born 1927-1942 10 15 30 35 54 20 23 33 43 36 48 19 30 12 30
Born 1911-1926 16 17 35 47 46 24 20 43 44 36 50 30 32 17 39
Born 1895-1910 14 26 35 45 52 43 29 23 30 67 26 17 ** ** **
Born before 1895 20 29 75 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Democrats (incl leaners) 17 16 36 40 49 21 17 38 39 37 40 16 27 5 34
Independents 13 16 39 44 47 24 20 35 46 32 40 27 30 13 41
Republicans (incl leaners) 7 23 28 43 51 24 32 38 52 42 50 29 36 9 35
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Liberals 18 15 33 40 48 12 16 29 37 33 43 12 27 4 29
Moderates 11 17 35 43 48 21 21 40 45 38 50 25 35 7 41
Conservatives 10 19 26 37 48 21 28 36 47 40 46 27 30 9 33

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
....................

Table 4E.1.2
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 26OCT15)