The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Condition of Nation's Economy Over the Last Year 1980-2012
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'Gotten Worse'


  % OF GROUP: '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Males 82 65 20 31 25 75 68 23 15 14 18 71 40 89 34
Females 84 74 27 38 36 74 76 32 19 15 17 74 50 92 37
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Whites non-Hispanic 85 68 20 32 29 77 71 26 17 16 18 71 41 92 39
Black non-Hispanic 77 83 46 47 40 67 79 34 17 10 14 84 64 87 20
Hispanic 77 68 31 37 38 65 75 34 18 8 17 67 50 86 26
Race oth/mult non-Hisp 72 55 26 31 30 72 63 23 15 17 20 74 38 87 38
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 75 77 36 38 37 56 67 30 28 17 20 73 54 78 43
High School Diploma 83 73 27 39 31 73 74 31 21 17 19 68 49 89 40
Some College, no Degree 87 67 19 35 32 76 75 32 17 13 15 74 45 89 36
College Degree/ Post-grad 84 62 15 24 28 84 68 14 9 12 17 78 38 95 28
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Income 0-16 Percentile 78 74 37 36 36 68 70 37 19 19 17 ** 55 85 40
Income 17-33 Percentile 83 72 33 43 35 69 76 26 25 13 17 ** 57 88 35
Income 34-67 Percentile 82 68 22 34 30 76 72 25 17 15 17 ** 44 93 36
Income 68-95 Percentile 88 68 16 30 26 79 72 26 13 13 16 ** 37 92 33
Income 96-100 Percentile 89 71 7 21 30 81 70 13 9 15 21 ** 33 92 25
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Professionals 84 63 17 29 29 82 72 22 11 15 17 ** 42 ** **
White Collar 87 72 24 35 33 77 73 32 19 15 16 ** 42 ** **
Blue Collar 82 69 28 38 31 71 72 26 18 15 19 ** 49 ** **
Unskilled 82 81 37 25 30 63 77 32 34 6 14 ** 54 ** **
Farmers 77 76 15 51 21 70 59 31 27 0 10 ** 46 ** **
Housewives 85 76 25 38 38 69 77 35 24 16 13 ** 44 ** **
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Union Households 82 76 28 34 33 76 79 27 13 12 17 79 50 89 31
Non-Union Households 84 68 23 35 31 74 71 28 18 15 18 71 44 91 36
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
South 80 67 25 34 31 66 68 28 18 15 19 70 42 89 40
Nonsouth 85 71 23 35 31 78 74 28 17 15 16 74 47 91 33
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 38
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** 69 35 18 15 20 77 55 90 28
Born 1959-1974 87 60 19 29 27 72 72 30 18 14 20 70 44 93 36
Born 1943-1958 83 67 20 33 33 78 70 25 17 14 18 73 40 91 39
Born 1927-1942 86 74 26 38 30 76 74 29 18 17 13 74 44 86 45
Born 1911-1926 81 75 30 39 34 73 77 22 14 13 7 66 53 78 34
Born 1895-1910 79 67 32 45 33 52 65 47 20 18 41 83 ** ** **
Born before 1895 80 57 25 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Democrats (incl leaners) 79 77 38 42 40 76 81 25 12 10 10 80 63 94 17
Independents 83 75 22 34 38 73 77 37 25 21 28 73 55 84 38
Republicans (incl leaners) 90 54 8 25 19 72 60 29 22 19 23 64 22 88 56
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Liberals 79 74 28 38 36 86 82 17 10 11 11 84 60 94 15
Moderates 87 70 25 35 33 77 75 24 17 14 10 73 44 91 31
Conservatives 87 61 14 32 25 73 65 30 18 16 22 66 28 88 53

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
....................

Table 4E.1.3
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 26OCT15)