The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Condition of Nation's Economy Over the Next Year 1980-2012
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'Get Better'


  % OF GROUP: '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Males 37 46 30 24 25 13 33 31 26 25 25 ** 40 28 42
Females 24 33 28 19 22 10 31 27 24 22 22 ** 33 28 42
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Whites non-Hispanic 29 41 28 20 21 9 30 26 22 19 20 ** 39 23 36
Black non-Hispanic 37 26 24 24 39 16 34 39 38 37 40 ** 28 42 67
Hispanic 39 33 44 26 26 19 41 35 31 41 33 ** 36 43 51
Race oth/mult non-Hisp 7 36 28 32 20 20 31 25 33 28 22 ** 42 36 41
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 35 27 25 23 16 15 35 38 26 28 31 ** 28 59 47
High School Diploma 29 34 26 21 25 11 31 25 26 24 27 ** 37 29 38
Some College, no Degree 31 48 32 22 22 13 30 30 24 25 22 ** 37 30 43
College Degree/ Post-grad 26 44 34 20 25 8 34 34 25 20 17 ** 37 22 45
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Income 0-16 Percentile 31 23 27 23 28 18 34 36 38 33 28 ** 38 31 41
Income 17-33 Percentile 24 39 24 23 26 8 30 27 21 29 30 ** 36 30 45
Income 34-67 Percentile 26 37 29 22 22 10 31 26 24 20 20 ** 37 26 41
Income 68-95 Percentile 32 45 32 19 21 10 31 29 22 20 18 ** 35 27 40
Income 96-100 Percentile 38 53 37 25 25 14 37 34 29 19 18 ** 41 26 49
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Professionals 29 47 31 18 22 10 33 34 27 20 16 ** 35 ** **
White Collar 27 43 31 22 23 11 34 29 20 25 27 ** 42 ** **
Blue Collar 31 33 27 22 26 11 30 25 26 24 27 ** 36 ** **
Unskilled 44 33 15 21 18 20 24 31 14 28 32 ** 34 ** **
Farmers 21 35 35 18 24 17 37 28 45 22 19 ** 24 ** **
Housewives 29 36 28 24 16 10 31 27 25 17 26 ** 34 ** **
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Union Households 35 34 24 23 23 11 25 26 24 23 22 ** 30 22 43
Non-Union Households 28 40 30 21 23 11 33 29 26 24 24 ** 38 29 42
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
South 28 40 32 24 27 13 35 30 27 27 27 ** 41 34 45
Nonsouth 30 38 28 20 21 10 30 28 24 22 22 ** 35 24 41
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 45
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** 23 13 13 33 29 ** 44 28 42
Born 1959-1974 28 34 30 22 28 12 34 28 29 27 22 ** 33 28 40
Born 1943-1958 25 39 31 23 21 11 30 28 25 23 21 ** 38 24 44
Born 1927-1942 32 39 27 21 23 9 30 29 23 22 19 ** 32 32 42
Born 1911-1926 34 38 28 18 20 11 31 40 23 10 34 ** 37 32 43
Born 1895-1910 33 45 21 20 28 10 48 30 21 0 0 ** ** ** **
Born before 1895 38 67 50 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Democrats (incl leaners) 34 26 20 20 23 10 29 31 32 30 27 ** 25 25 60
Independents 28 28 23 20 13 9 23 21 19 16 26 ** 24 26 27
Republicans (incl leaners) 24 63 40 24 26 13 39 28 18 18 17 ** 54 33 25
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Liberals 37 31 24 18 21 12 25 32 30 28 24 ** 24 23 62
Moderates 31 40 22 19 21 11 30 29 27 22 16 ** 33 22 38
Conservatives 26 55 39 24 25 11 39 28 22 19 22 ** 52 33 31

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
....................

Table 4E.2.1
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 26OCT15)