The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Condition of Nation's Economy Over the Next Year 1980-2012
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'Stay Same'


  % OF GROUP: '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Males 38 37 48 55 51 27 48 54 60 54 54 ** 42 42 42
Females 41 43 54 56 57 34 50 56 63 60 62 ** 50 40 44
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Whites non-Hispanic 40 40 53 58 57 29 52 56 63 58 62 ** 46 43 47
Black non-Hispanic 36 36 44 44 40 37 42 44 53 55 41 ** 49 35 25
Hispanic 31 44 39 55 53 38 41 53 58 50 53 ** 49 33 40
Race oth/mult non-Hisp 57 55 35 50 52 27 47 71 64 64 55 ** 35 38 40
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 36 46 52 52 62 41 48 49 63 57 51 ** 49 28 38
High School Diploma 39 42 54 56 55 33 50 58 60 57 57 ** 46 41 45
Some College, no Degree 40 35 49 56 55 26 50 52 62 57 56 ** 47 40 43
College Degree/ Post-grad 43 38 45 55 50 25 48 52 64 58 65 ** 45 43 41
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Income 0-16 Percentile 39 50 47 53 51 38 47 45 52 57 50 ** 40 41 43
Income 17-33 Percentile 44 38 55 52 55 40 53 61 65 56 54 ** 45 39 42
Income 34-67 Percentile 44 42 51 58 57 28 51 59 63 57 61 ** 47 40 42
Income 68-95 Percentile 36 38 51 59 54 27 48 53 64 60 61 ** 50 46 45
Income 96-100 Percentile 34 29 47 45 57 16 51 49 59 55 58 ** 45 33 41
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Professionals 42 35 51 57 53 25 48 51 61 57 64 ** 45 ** **
White Collar 40 38 49 56 56 32 49 51 67 55 55 ** 47 ** **
Blue Collar 40 43 50 52 53 33 50 59 61 57 52 ** 45 ** **
Unskilled 29 39 49 60 57 29 52 60 67 49 50 ** 48 ** **
Farmers 38 43 49 60 56 22 44 55 29 78 67 ** 61 ** **
Housewives 40 42 55 57 61 34 52 56 56 68 64 ** 47 ** **
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Union Households 34 41 51 53 56 28 53 53 64 57 60 ** 49 54 43
Non-Union Households 42 40 51 56 55 31 49 55 61 57 58 ** 45 39 43
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
South 40 42 48 57 52 33 48 56 63 57 55 ** 44 37 40
Nonsouth 39 39 52 55 56 29 50 54 61 57 60 ** 47 44 44
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 49
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** 69 66 79 54 59 ** 44 40 46
Born 1959-1974 41 45 51 57 49 33 47 55 58 55 57 ** 49 39 43
Born 1943-1958 41 38 50 53 54 24 50 55 58 56 58 ** 45 44 38
Born 1927-1942 37 38 52 54 57 30 50 55 66 58 65 ** 47 39 45
Born 1911-1926 37 44 51 61 61 35 54 50 67 70 54 ** 44 53 48
Born 1895-1910 45 39 55 65 57 54 39 47 67 91 53 ** ** ** **
Born before 1895 38 33 50 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Democrats (incl leaners) 39 46 52 55 52 30 53 54 61 56 59 ** 52 44 32
Independents 33 50 50 51 56 31 54 56 57 61 53 ** 50 39 52
Republicans (incl leaners) 43 27 49 58 57 32 43 56 65 59 60 ** 39 38 53
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Liberals 36 41 47 56 51 26 53 51 60 55 62 ** 52 41 29
Moderates 41 41 57 58 54 32 50 56 62 63 65 ** 50 44 48
Conservatives 40 30 48 53 57 27 44 55 61 53 56 ** 36 38 48

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
....................

Table 4E.2.2
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 26OCT15)