The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Condition of Nation's Economy Over the Next Year 1980-2012
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'Get Worse'


  % OF GROUP: '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Males 25 18 22 22 24 60 19 16 14 20 22 ** 17 30 16
Females 36 24 19 25 21 57 19 17 13 18 15 ** 17 32 15
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Whites non-Hispanic 31 19 19 22 22 62 18 17 14 23 18 ** 16 34 17
Black non-Hispanic 28 38 33 32 21 48 24 18 8 9 19 ** 23 23 9
Hispanic 30 23 17 18 22 44 17 13 11 9 14 ** 15 23 9
Race oth/mult non-Hisp 36 9 38 18 28 53 22 4 3 9 24 ** 23 26 19
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 29 27 24 26 22 45 17 13 11 15 19 ** 23 12 15
High School Diploma 32 24 20 23 21 56 19 17 14 19 16 ** 17 30 17
Some College, no Degree 30 17 19 22 23 62 20 18 14 17 22 ** 17 30 14
College Degree/ Post-grad 31 17 21 25 25 67 18 14 11 23 18 ** 18 35 14
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Income 0-16 Percentile 29 27 26 24 21 44 19 19 10 11 21 ** 21 29 16
Income 17-33 Percentile 33 23 20 25 20 53 17 13 14 15 16 ** 19 31 14
Income 34-67 Percentile 30 20 20 20 21 62 18 16 13 23 19 ** 16 34 17
Income 68-95 Percentile 32 17 17 23 25 64 21 18 14 20 21 ** 15 27 14
Income 96-100 Percentile 28 17 16 30 18 70 13 17 12 25 23 ** 13 41 10
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Professionals 29 17 18 25 25 65 19 15 12 24 19 ** 20 ** **
White Collar 33 19 20 22 21 57 17 20 13 20 18 ** 11 ** **
Blue Collar 30 24 23 26 21 56 20 16 12 18 21 ** 19 ** **
Unskilled 26 28 36 19 25 52 24 9 20 23 18 ** 18 ** **
Farmers 41 22 15 22 20 61 19 17 26 0 14 ** 15 ** **
Housewives 31 23 16 18 23 56 18 18 19 15 10 ** 19 ** **
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Union Households 31 25 25 25 21 61 22 21 12 20 18 ** 21 24 14
Non-Union Households 31 20 19 23 22 58 18 15 13 19 18 ** 16 32 15
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
South 32 18 21 19 20 54 17 14 10 15 19 ** 15 29 15
Nonsouth 30 23 20 25 23 61 20 18 15 21 18 ** 18 32 15
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 6
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** 8 20 8 13 13 ** 12 31 13
Born 1959-1974 31 21 19 22 23 55 19 17 13 18 21 ** 19 33 17
Born 1943-1958 34 23 19 24 25 65 21 18 16 21 20 ** 17 33 18
Born 1927-1942 30 23 21 26 20 61 20 16 11 20 16 ** 21 29 13
Born 1911-1926 29 18 22 22 18 54 14 10 10 20 12 ** 19 14 9
Born 1895-1910 21 16 24 16 15 37 13 23 12 9 47 ** ** ** **
Born before 1895 25 0 0 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Democrats (incl leaners) 27 28 27 26 25 60 18 16 8 15 14 ** 23 31 8
Independents 38 22 27 29 31 60 23 23 25 23 21 ** 25 35 22
Republicans (incl leaners) 33 10 10 18 17 55 18 16 18 23 23 ** 8 29 21
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Liberals 27 29 28 26 27 63 22 17 10 16 14 ** 24 36 8
Moderates 29 19 21 23 25 57 19 15 11 15 19 ** 17 34 14
Conservatives 35 15 13 23 18 63 18 17 17 28 22 ** 13 29 20

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
....................

Table 4E.2.3
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 26OCT15)