The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Respondent's Financial Situation Over the Next Year 1956-2012
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'Stay Same'


  % OF GROUP: '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Males 43 39 48 52 39 52 51 46 49 42 49 43 43 51 49 45 49 47 53 55 54 47 50 ** 48 48 49
Females 49 49 51 60 49 54 59 55 57 48 57 51 53 58 56 52 57 60 59 63 55 57 59 ** 56 50 53
  '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Whites non-Hispanic 47 46 52 56 47 53 55 51 54 46 55 48 49 55 53 49 53 56 57 62 56 55 57 ** 54 51 55
Black non-Hispanic 36 30 34 63 28 48 60 54 50 38 43 48 50 53 52 47 47 51 55 51 47 47 52 ** 42 41 34
Hispanic ** ** ** ** ** 50 55 33 44 35 30 37 36 65 48 57 55 50 52 53 52 42 49 ** 50 41 46
Race oth/mult non-Hisp ** ** ** ** ** 50 67 33 67 85 37 29 50 55 50 36 63 37 54 54 59 50 51 ** 53 52 54
  '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 54 52 58 73 57 72 68 61 64 56 63 54 59 57 71 62 69 72 62 69 76 68 83 ** 61 55 49
High School Diploma 45 41 49 53 44 50 53 51 54 44 54 49 49 59 56 53 56 57 59 62 55 54 56 ** 54 51 53
Some College, no Degree 36 42 37 54 38 37 50 43 43 41 46 45 47 52 43 41 48 50 53 53 52 48 54 ** 46 45 49
College Degree/ Post-grad 35 36 44 35 32 43 50 48 50 44 50 40 43 48 48 41 46 44 52 57 52 51 51 ** 54 50 52
  '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Income 0-16 Percentile 53 50 58 75 58 62 66 57 57 51 59 46 57 49 61 49 52 58 55 58 51 50 56 ** 51 53 45
Income 17-33 Percentile 50 45 51 66 53 58 61 62 46 43 55 46 48 59 56 54 54 57 56 63 61 58 57 ** 49 49 48
Income 34-67 Percentile 45 40 52 52 38 52 54 51 55 44 53 48 48 54 50 49 55 54 57 57 52 52 54 ** 54 48 53
Income 68-95 Percentile 43 43 45 43 38 48 49 48 49 47 50 48 46 55 49 43 50 52 55 60 53 55 50 ** 49 49 55
Income 96-100 Percentile 34 31 40 53 41 38 46 24 57 38 50 47 34 54 44 39 54 46 60 59 67 49 53 ** 50 49 52
  '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Professionals 40 39 38 ** 41 ** 50 45 52 45 51 44 46 55 49 48 52 48 53 60 55 52 54 ** 50 ** **
White Collar 39 35 48 ** 44 ** 54 52 54 45 48 45 46 55 48 46 51 56 54 55 48 50 55 ** 54 ** **
Blue Collar 46 42 51 ** 41 ** 53 50 48 43 51 48 49 55 54 50 53 54 57 59 55 54 55 ** 53 ** **
Unskilled 56 43 40 ** 29 ** 79 63 46 41 53 48 50 37 67 40 57 49 62 78 59 41 52 ** 53 ** **
Farmers 46 49 59 ** 55 ** 67 62 72 56 61 44 45 65 58 48 54 51 59 62 62 54 59 ** 66 ** **
Housewives 50 52 55 ** 51 ** 61 53 62 48 62 53 58 60 59 57 63 68 63 65 64 61 62 ** 55 ** **
  '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Union Households 46 42 53 ** 44 55 56 56 51 44 49 47 45 54 57 48 54 58 60 62 55 51 57 ** 54 50 52
Non-Union Households 46 45 48 ** 45 52 56 50 54 46 54 48 50 55 52 49 53 54 55 59 55 53 55 ** 52 49 51
  '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
South 48 44 51 61 45 57 55 55 53 46 55 49 49 50 55 49 52 55 53 58 53 52 55 ** 49 49 48
Nonsouth 46 45 49 55 45 52 56 50 54 45 52 47 49 57 52 49 54 54 57 60 55 53 56 ** 54 49 53
  '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 53
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 69 50 44 39 49 ** 41 43 44
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 39 45 51 39 35 41 46 45 47 39 42 43 ** 48 43 50
Born 1943-1958 ** ** ** ** 12 32 30 43 38 37 42 44 42 45 46 40 47 49 54 60 58 50 55 ** 56 52 55
Born 1927-1942 31 25 29 34 29 39 47 42 45 45 49 46 45 53 55 55 58 59 63 70 67 66 71 ** 66 63 64
Born 1911-1926 41 42 47 55 47 54 57 54 64 49 64 52 54 70 69 71 71 70 72 76 78 83 83 ** 64 74 66
Born 1895-1910 55 52 59 71 57 73 73 66 71 59 72 57 68 63 75 66 75 83 66 84 81 100 100 ** ** ** **
Born before 1895 64 65 70 82 74 69 82 66 79 61 83 60 88 100 75 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Democrats (incl leaners) 45 42 52 56 44 52 58 50 55 46 52 47 51 56 56 51 58 55 57 58 54 51 54 ** 54 52 47
Independents 51 48 50 58 39 46 50 51 46 37 52 46 43 50 52 49 50 59 53 57 54 54 50 ** 54 54 57
Republicans (incl leaners) 46 48 46 54 48 56 54 53 54 49 55 49 48 55 50 46 49 52 55 61 56 53 59 ** 50 44 54
  '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Liberals ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 45 42 44 42 46 51 46 41 48 43 53 49 52 50 43 ** 56 50 45
Moderates ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 53 45 55 42 52 52 58 52 55 58 57 60 55 51 59 ** 52 46 54
Conservatives ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 52 45 50 50 45 55 48 47 47 52 51 60 54 54 55 ** 49 48 53

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
....................

Table 4E.4.2
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 26OCT15)