The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

How to Use                                                                                            List of Tables



Is the Government Run for the Benefit of All 1964-2008
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'Few Big Interests'


  % OF GROUP: '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Males 30 36 45 51 55 69 68 66 72 59 57 ** 64 72 77 76 71 62 61 46 58 74
Females 27 31 36 49 52 64 65 67 69 63 53 ** 63 71 74 76 69 65 60 49 54 65
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Whites 29 35 41 49 52 66 66 68 73 61 55 ** 63 74 78 78 71 66 61 46 53 71
Blacks 28 23 26 65 67 69 73 59 54 64 59 ** 70 70 74 68 62 62 63 58 71 67
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 33 33 46 63 58 71 69 59 67 57 53 ** 66 65 64 61 64 58 72 33 53 54
High School Diploma 27 36 40 48 54 66 68 67 71 60 55 ** 66 70 74 77 70 64 61 48 55 69
Some College, no Degree 29 29 36 40 52 62 66 70 73 68 54 ** 62 76 78 80 73 67 64 49 56 73
College Degree/ Post-grad 26 27 32 42 46 65 60 66 67 57 57 ** 60 74 78 73 65 62 55 49 58 67
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Income 0-16 Percentile 36 37 42 60 53 65 64 66 65 62 55 ** 68 63 67 72 60 58 63 ** 58 62
Income 17-33 Percentile 26 37 41 58 61 79 67 67 72 59 55 ** 67 71 78 76 74 64 66 ** 61 69
Income 34-67 Percentile 30 32 42 52 56 64 67 71 71 64 56 ** 68 72 77 78 73 66 64 ** 50 73
Income 68-95 Percentile 26 30 35 41 49 67 68 67 74 62 55 ** 58 73 77 77 70 66 56 ** 53 70
Income 96-100 Percentile 16 27 37 42 36 41 52 64 69 54 43 ** 38 71 78 74 66 66 53 ** 64 57
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Professionals 29 ** 37 44 47 63 64 70 68 59 56 ** 61 73 80 74 67 63 58 ** 62 **
White Collar 29 ** 39 42 51 66 65 67 74 62 56 ** 67 72 75 79 70 68 63 ** 55 **
Blue Collar 28 ** 45 52 62 72 75 66 71 62 56 ** 65 72 77 77 71 64 66 ** 52 **
Unskilled 34 ** 25 71 63 78 70 61 70 66 67 ** 79 68 76 78 68 75 65 ** 71 **
Farmers 36 ** 56 73 54 64 55 60 90 59 58 ** 73 68 62 73 73 71 40 ** 59 **
Housewives 26 ** 34 51 49 61 59 68 70 60 47 ** 55 70 67 76 76 65 56 ** 43 **
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Union Households 24 34 42 47 59 67 72 68 74 63 62 ** 64 75 83 76 73 61 60 48 60 77
Non-Union Households 30 33 39 51 51 66 65 66 69 61 53 ** 64 71 74 76 69 64 61 48 55 68
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
South 33 42 42 57 52 68 64 63 64 58 53 ** 67 70 71 72 67 60 64 48 52 67
Nonsouth 27 31 39 48 54 66 67 68 73 62 56 ** 62 72 77 78 71 66 59 48 58 71
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 62
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 62 79 67 49 50 49 61 68
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 45 61 50 50 ** 56 62 70 76 71 63 62 47 52 74
Born 1943-1958 29 27 33 43 54 62 70 67 73 65 54 ** 69 74 77 79 69 68 61 47 55 74
Born 1927-1942 23 28 35 46 53 70 65 67 70 60 57 ** 60 74 74 74 69 64 62 48 58 64
Born 1911-1926 30 33 40 50 54 68 66 68 73 61 58 ** 62 79 83 71 68 67 67 54 55 **
Born 1895-1910 34 38 48 59 54 67 63 69 65 58 54 ** 76 71 74 61 53 64 45 0 ** **
Born before 1895 31 46 42 55 48 68 49 58 78 67 100 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Democrats (incl leaners) 24 28 37 53 60 67 75 65 69 65 65 ** 70 75 78 75 67 60 59 56 70 71
Independents 39 42 53 53 54 72 64 65 67 64 50 ** 67 69 76 79 76 70 68 60 60 64
Republicans (incl leaners) 37 39 41 43 43 61 54 71 75 54 46 ** 55 67 72 77 71 67 61 37 39 67
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Liberals ** ** ** ** 66 74 74 68 67 69 65 ** 69 77 81 78 65 68 53 57 70 76
Moderates ** ** ** ** 51 65 71 72 74 64 55 ** 66 73 76 75 70 63 56 54 58 72
Conservatives ** ** ** ** 46 65 60 69 76 60 50 ** 59 70 74 78 70 63 59 38 44 67

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
....................

Table 5A.2.1
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 05AUG10)