The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Are Government Officials Crooked 1958-2012
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'Quite a Few'


  % OF GROUP: '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Males 23 ** ** 27 ** 27 33 34 44 39 36 44 ** 30 ** 37 48 44 48 41 38 35 28 34 50 64
Females 25 ** ** 30 ** 24 31 37 46 44 42 49 ** 34 ** 43 48 47 54 46 43 37 31 37 53 65
  '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Whites non-Hispanic 24 ** ** 30 ** 26 29 33 45 41 39 47 ** 32 ** 39 48 46 53 45 43 34 29 33 49 66
Black non-Hispanic 20 ** ** 21 ** 18 50 62 53 57 45 45 ** 39 ** 50 57 48 53 47 36 41 36 40 61 60
Hispanic ** ** ** ** ** 21 43 40 37 35 36 37 ** 19 ** 37 38 39 44 37 33 35 30 42 50 51
Race oth/mult non-Hisp ** ** ** ** ** 0 50 25 31 5 36 56 ** 38 ** 46 44 38 44 29 29 53 33 34 68 74
  '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 25 ** ** 31 ** 27 40 38 52 45 37 47 ** 33 ** 48 48 44 47 33 32 48 30 33 37 48
High School Diploma 26 ** ** 27 ** 27 30 38 49 46 43 49 ** 36 ** 43 49 48 53 48 43 39 31 39 55 68
Some College, no Degree 21 ** ** 34 ** 26 29 34 40 38 40 49 ** 29 ** 38 53 47 53 48 45 37 32 33 54 67
College Degree/ Post-grad 13 ** ** 25 ** 17 23 30 28 30 27 37 ** 26 ** 31 40 41 48 34 34 28 24 31 44 57
  '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Income 0-16 Percentile 25 ** ** 33 ** 25 42 37 44 42 43 45 ** 33 ** 47 48 47 48 41 39 43 ** 36 54 63
Income 17-33 Percentile 24 ** ** 29 ** 26 33 39 61 45 43 49 ** 36 ** 45 53 49 55 46 40 40 ** 40 53 68
Income 34-67 Percentile 25 ** ** 27 ** 25 31 37 42 44 40 47 ** 33 ** 41 52 47 50 48 41 35 ** 38 52 68
Income 68-95 Percentile 24 ** ** 28 ** 27 28 33 43 35 35 45 ** 30 ** 34 42 43 51 41 43 36 ** 27 49 61
Income 96-100 Percentile 7 ** ** 28 ** 22 19 27 32 40 31 51 ** 21 ** 24 32 38 44 36 42 32 ** 32 43 50
  '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Professionals 18 ** ** 29 ** 24 26 28 40 36 32 41 ** 28 ** 37 42 39 47 36 37 31 ** 36 ** **
White Collar 21 ** ** 25 ** 21 27 40 41 41 42 51 ** 36 ** 38 42 49 57 48 40 36 ** 31 ** **
Blue Collar 27 ** ** 31 ** 32 37 41 49 49 42 48 ** 34 ** 45 54 51 53 45 43 41 ** 38 ** **
Unskilled 30 ** ** 16 ** 25 29 46 49 43 47 37 ** 39 ** 45 51 60 45 48 19 38 ** 45 ** **
Farmers 25 ** ** 24 ** 24 44 40 44 46 40 55 ** 23 ** 51 55 35 50 49 31 16 ** 56 ** **
Housewives 25 ** ** 30 ** 23 31 33 47 38 41 51 ** 30 ** 37 48 47 54 53 52 41 ** 29 ** **
  '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Union Households 30 ** ** 29 ** 28 32 39 48 45 39 48 ** 35 ** 39 47 50 54 49 44 36 29 33 63 66
Non-Union Households 22 ** ** 29 ** 25 31 35 44 41 39 46 ** 31 ** 40 48 45 51 43 40 36 30 36 49 64
  '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
South 29 ** ** 28 ** 29 40 39 52 48 39 49 ** 39 ** 45 52 44 50 45 42 46 32 36 54 64
Nonsouth 22 ** ** 29 ** 24 29 35 43 40 39 46 ** 29 ** 38 47 46 52 43 40 32 29 35 49 64
  '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 60
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 15 47 55 39 41 31 45 53 67
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 38 47 ** 30 ** 35 45 46 52 49 46 42 31 36 53 67
Born 1943-1958 ** ** ** 43 ** 21 32 37 44 42 39 50 ** 32 ** 40 50 46 54 44 42 33 30 32 51 63
Born 1927-1942 24 ** ** 28 ** 26 32 36 48 42 40 44 ** 34 ** 39 50 46 49 39 37 29 26 32 48 62
Born 1911-1926 26 ** ** 28 ** 27 33 36 47 45 39 46 ** 34 ** 46 50 46 47 35 29 31 24 20 38 54
Born 1895-1910 23 ** ** 31 ** 23 32 36 43 39 45 42 ** 31 ** 48 33 39 55 32 53 41 0 ** ** **
Born before 1895 22 ** ** 30 ** 26 22 25 43 29 23 11 ** 100 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Democrats (incl leaners) 27 ** ** 26 ** 24 33 42 45 45 39 44 ** 36 ** 44 51 46 50 43 38 35 32 40 52 58
Independents 23 ** ** 33 ** 34 41 38 56 43 43 46 ** 32 ** 47 49 51 58 52 47 44 47 38 50 71
Republicans (incl leaners) 19 ** ** 34 ** 25 26 28 39 36 40 52 ** 28 ** 34 45 43 51 44 43 35 25 28 50 69
  '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Liberals ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 41 42 45 41 43 ** 32 ** 43 45 44 48 41 35 30 28 43 51 59
Moderates ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 32 43 40 41 49 ** 35 ** 41 48 47 54 48 42 29 30 35 54 65
Conservatives ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 33 45 41 37 48 ** 29 ** 38 49 46 51 43 40 34 27 30 50 67

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
....................

Table 5A.4.1
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 02NOV15)