The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Are Government Officials Crooked 1958-2012
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'Hardly Any'


  % OF GROUP: '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Males 29 ** ** 22 ** 21 18 15 11 15 15 9 ** 18 ** 14 11 10 9 11 16 14 14 11 6 4
Females 24 ** ** 16 ** 17 15 13 9 12 11 8 ** 12 ** 9 8 8 8 7 9 13 14 8 6 4
  '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Whites non-Hispanic 27 ** ** 18 ** 20 17 15 10 14 13 8 ** 15 ** 11 8 9 8 9 11 13 14 9 5 4
Black non-Hispanic 19 ** ** 20 ** 14 8 9 9 7 8 11 ** 10 ** 10 8 9 11 10 12 8 13 7 4 5
Hispanic ** ** ** ** ** 21 21 3 26 5 17 15 ** 16 ** 21 18 11 11 6 20 22 17 16 12 7
Race oth/mult non-Hisp ** ** ** ** ** 0 13 31 0 16 4 11 ** 15 ** 4 17 10 3 10 21 13 12 11 4 3
  '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 25 ** ** 16 ** 16 16 14 10 12 11 11 ** 18 ** 12 9 13 4 7 19 22 22 0 7 9
High School Diploma 25 ** ** 19 ** 19 16 14 8 11 12 9 ** 14 ** 10 11 8 10 9 12 14 16 9 6 4
Some College, no Degree 28 ** ** 16 ** 18 16 15 12 13 13 5 ** 12 ** 10 6 6 6 7 9 8 11 8 5 3
College Degree/ Post-grad 34 ** ** 22 ** 23 16 15 13 17 15 8 ** 16 ** 14 9 11 8 11 14 16 13 14 6 5
  '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Income 0-16 Percentile 24 ** ** 18 ** 20 14 14 10 12 12 13 ** 16 ** 12 11 11 13 9 15 15 ** 8 6 4
Income 17-33 Percentile 24 ** ** 13 ** 14 15 16 6 14 12 10 ** 13 ** 11 11 8 9 6 14 12 ** 10 8 6
Income 34-67 Percentile 27 ** ** 20 ** 19 13 13 9 12 13 8 ** 13 ** 10 10 7 8 7 10 13 ** 9 6 3
Income 68-95 Percentile 28 ** ** 20 ** 21 21 16 9 12 14 8 ** 15 ** 12 9 9 7 10 11 13 ** 12 3 4
Income 96-100 Percentile 33 ** ** 21 ** 30 19 14 28 18 18 4 ** 21 ** 13 10 13 7 19 18 16 ** 13 3 4
  '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Professionals 34 ** ** 21 ** 22 17 19 13 16 16 9 ** 16 ** 12 7 9 8 12 12 12 ** 13 ** **
White Collar 28 ** ** 23 ** 19 16 11 12 11 13 6 ** 14 ** 13 13 9 8 7 12 14 ** 7 ** **
Blue Collar 26 ** ** 17 ** 18 16 14 8 11 11 8 ** 14 ** 9 9 8 8 9 13 14 ** 8 ** **
Unskilled 19 ** ** 22 ** 15 8 14 19 13 10 17 ** 10 ** 10 16 9 3 0 2 9 ** 0 ** **
Farmers 25 ** ** 24 ** 18 11 7 10 13 5 13 ** 25 ** 9 10 11 11 7 26 13 ** 9 ** **
Housewives 23 ** ** 15 ** 18 15 13 7 14 12 10 ** 13 ** 11 6 9 11 8 9 14 ** 11 ** **
  '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Union Households 27 ** ** 20 ** 23 19 11 12 11 11 8 ** 11 ** 9 8 6 7 6 11 11 13 8 4 4
Non-Union Households 26 ** ** 18 ** 18 15 15 9 13 13 9 ** 15 ** 12 10 9 9 9 13 14 15 10 6 4
  '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
South 23 ** ** 14 ** 14 11 14 8 10 13 9 ** 12 ** 11 10 9 8 8 12 9 15 10 6 4
Nonsouth 27 ** ** 20 ** 21 18 14 10 14 13 8 ** 16 ** 11 9 9 9 9 12 16 14 10 6 4
  '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 5
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 23 9 2 16 10 7 7 5 3
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 12 11 ** 14 ** 13 11 8 8 6 12 12 12 7 6 4
Born 1943-1958 ** ** ** 24 ** 19 15 14 9 11 13 7 ** 12 ** 9 7 7 9 11 12 13 16 11 5 4
Born 1927-1942 22 ** ** 17 ** 18 16 12 8 14 10 8 ** 16 ** 12 10 11 5 10 9 18 17 15 9 6
Born 1911-1926 27 ** ** 18 ** 19 19 16 10 13 14 9 ** 15 ** 13 9 9 11 12 17 18 30 9 11 6
Born 1895-1910 24 ** ** 20 ** 21 14 14 12 14 15 11 ** 19 ** 10 16 12 8 4 15 0 43 ** ** **
Born before 1895 33 ** ** 17 ** 18 19 21 18 18 27 22 ** 0 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Democrats (incl leaners) 25 ** ** 21 ** 20 16 12 8 12 13 9 ** 13 ** 10 9 9 9 9 13 16 13 9 6 5
Independents 29 ** ** 11 ** 14 18 10 7 11 13 10 ** 14 ** 6 10 8 8 12 8 12 11 11 6 3
Republicans (incl leaners) 30 ** ** 15 ** 18 16 18 13 15 11 7 ** 16 ** 14 10 9 8 8 13 11 17 11 5 3
  '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Liberals ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 13 8 11 15 10 ** 13 ** 10 9 9 10 8 13 12 9 9 6 5
Moderates ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 14 9 14 12 6 ** 14 ** 11 9 9 7 8 11 17 17 13 6 4
Conservatives ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 17 12 14 13 7 ** 16 ** 12 9 8 9 9 12 11 13 9 6 4

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
....................

Table 5A.4.3
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 02NOV15)