The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Politics is Too Complicated 1952-2012
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'Agree'


  % OF GROUP: '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Males 63 ** 56 ** 52 ** 61 61 63 67 67 66 64 66 61 ** 64 ** 61 57 60 59 56 67 54 ** ** 63 49
Females 77 ** 69 ** 64 ** 72 76 77 78 79 77 77 77 77 ** 76 ** 77 73 71 71 68 78 65 ** ** 72 61
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Whites non-Hispanic 70 ** 62 ** 58 ** 66 69 70 73 73 72 71 71 69 ** 70 ** 70 66 65 66 61 73 59 ** ** 67 56
Black non-Hispanic 79 ** 79 ** 65 ** 72 75 81 79 81 77 74 79 78 ** 74 ** 73 69 69 62 67 75 66 ** ** 72 51
Hispanic ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 92 86 64 71 82 69 69 69 ** 75 ** 70 60 63 69 69 72 58 ** ** 70 53
Race oth/mult non-Hisp ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 0 75 100 63 71 63 84 76 ** 71 ** 78 58 72 66 61 59 64 ** ** 73 58
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 81 ** 81 ** 72 ** 85 84 88 90 88 90 85 85 83 ** 88 ** 85 83 83 92 78 82 83 ** ** 85 72
High School Diploma 68 ** 63 ** 59 ** 69 73 74 74 78 78 78 81 78 ** 79 ** 77 74 75 76 73 81 73 ** ** 79 66
Some College, no Degree 55 ** 37 ** 43 ** 47 47 57 62 62 59 67 61 62 ** 64 ** 66 60 60 55 60 70 56 ** ** 63 52
College Degree/ Post-grad 39 ** 34 ** 37 ** 37 39 46 47 49 45 43 47 48 ** 47 ** 52 44 46 46 42 56 39 ** ** 55 45
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Income 0-16 Percentile 86 ** 85 ** 76 ** 81 79 82 88 84 81 85 82 79 ** 81 ** 76 72 72 69 63 75 71 ** ** 72 61
Income 17-33 Percentile 77 ** 70 ** 65 ** 74 74 78 79 77 78 76 80 81 ** 79 ** 79 72 75 76 64 82 65 ** ** 77 67
Income 34-67 Percentile 74 ** 63 ** 59 ** 69 70 72 76 77 74 72 74 69 ** 71 ** 70 69 66 70 68 75 60 ** ** 70 56
Income 68-95 Percentile 61 ** 50 ** 51 ** 56 64 62 63 64 63 66 66 62 ** 62 ** 63 58 59 56 56 68 54 ** ** 58 47
Income 96-100 Percentile 38 ** 44 ** 36 ** 50 44 47 61 47 42 50 57 49 ** 45 ** 44 48 44 42 40 48 44 ** ** 40 45
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Professionals 50 ** 42 ** 41 ** 48 ** 51 54 54 56 52 60 54 ** 55 ** 58 54 52 52 49 62 51 ** ** ** **
White Collar 65 ** 57 ** 42 ** 58 ** 67 67 71 73 72 73 74 ** 69 ** 73 64 65 62 68 79 64 ** ** ** **
Blue Collar 69 ** 63 ** 60 ** 74 ** 80 80 80 79 79 78 75 ** 78 ** 75 69 73 75 70 80 65 ** ** ** **
Unskilled 79 ** 83 ** 70 ** 86 ** 75 96 82 89 82 76 70 ** 76 ** 69 68 67 78 66 90 69 ** ** ** **
Farmers 79 ** 78 ** 69 ** 78 ** 73 90 87 68 69 82 93 ** 81 ** 75 73 68 65 57 100 65 ** ** ** **
Housewives 78 ** 70 ** 70 ** 73 ** 79 81 81 77 78 77 79 ** 81 ** 82 83 74 78 70 81 67 ** ** ** **
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Union Households 70 ** 63 ** 59 ** 71 73 80 75 77 76 75 75 67 ** 67 ** 70 68 67 67 68 73 64 ** ** 68 59
Non-Union Households 71 ** 64 ** 58 ** 66 68 68 73 72 71 70 71 71 ** 72 ** 70 65 65 65 62 72 60 ** ** 68 55
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
South 78 ** 73 ** 63 ** 74 76 72 79 77 74 75 72 72 ** 76 ** 72 71 66 64 64 72 61 ** ** 66 53
Nonsouth 69 ** 61 ** 57 ** 65 67 71 71 72 72 70 72 69 ** 68 ** 69 64 65 66 62 73 60 ** ** 70 57
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 65
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 69 49 61 62 63 ** ** 62 52
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 64 72 ** 67 ** 70 62 62 60 59 70 55 ** ** 62 54
Born 1943-1958 ** ** ** ** ** ** 83 58 64 73 72 68 71 68 66 ** 66 ** 67 58 60 63 61 69 58 ** ** 72 56
Born 1927-1942 75 ** 63 ** 63 ** 62 66 69 66 70 70 70 71 64 ** 73 ** 65 73 68 72 66 86 65 ** ** 81 59
Born 1911-1926 70 ** 64 ** 57 ** 67 68 71 75 73 75 70 77 77 ** 75 ** 77 78 78 80 71 83 74 ** ** 74 69
Born 1895-1910 67 ** 61 ** 54 ** 70 74 77 78 81 81 76 81 82 ** 83 ** 87 85 80 79 73 92 85 ** ** ** **
Born before 1895 76 ** 67 ** 65 ** 77 80 76 86 80 74 79 69 89 ** 100 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Democrats (incl leaners) 74 ** 64 ** 63 ** 69 72 74 75 75 74 72 74 75 ** 73 ** 73 67 67 67 66 72 60 ** ** 71 55
Independents 70 ** 63 ** 68 ** 77 72 78 78 79 75 76 75 70 ** 74 ** 73 71 71 74 69 79 77 ** ** 66 62
Republicans (incl leaners) 64 ** 60 ** 50 ** 60 63 63 69 69 68 68 68 62 ** 67 ** 66 62 62 61 57 71 55 ** ** 66 54
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Liberals ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 61 62 62 61 61 ** 55 ** 66 49 56 52 54 58 50 ** ** 56 48
Moderates ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 71 73 74 75 70 ** 73 ** 73 70 66 69 63 77 52 ** ** 73 60
Conservatives ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 67 66 61 65 63 ** 64 ** 63 59 59 60 58 72 55 ** ** 62 52

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
....................

Table 5B.1.1
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 26OCT15)