The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Politics is Too Complicated 1952-2012
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'Disagree'


  % OF GROUP: '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Males 37 ** 43 ** 48 ** 38 35 37 33 33 33 35 33 37 ** 36 ** 29 31 33 30 33 25 40 ** ** 23 33
Females 22 ** 30 ** 35 ** 27 20 22 21 21 21 21 22 21 ** 24 ** 15 18 22 21 23 15 27 ** ** 18 24
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Whites non-Hispanic 30 ** 38 ** 42 ** 32 28 30 27 27 27 27 27 29 ** 30 ** 23 24 28 26 29 21 34 ** ** 21 29
Black non-Hispanic 17 ** 19 ** 35 ** 26 16 18 21 19 20 22 20 18 ** 26 ** 19 25 24 29 23 17 24 ** ** 17 29
Hispanic ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 0 14 36 24 16 28 27 27 ** 24 ** 17 20 27 16 21 14 28 ** ** 15 25
Race oth/mult non-Hisp ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 100 25 0 37 29 29 16 24 ** 24 ** 14 25 18 25 28 35 32 ** ** 20 27
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 17 ** 18 ** 28 ** 13 10 12 9 11 8 12 11 10 ** 9 ** 7 9 12 6 11 17 10 ** ** 7 13
High School Diploma 32 ** 37 ** 41 ** 29 24 25 25 22 20 21 18 20 ** 21 ** 15 16 16 14 16 10 19 ** ** 10 18
Some College, no Degree 45 ** 63 ** 57 ** 53 48 43 37 38 40 32 38 36 ** 36 ** 26 28 33 33 31 24 35 ** ** 24 28
College Degree/ Post-grad 61 ** 66 ** 61 ** 62 56 54 53 51 54 55 52 52 ** 53 ** 38 46 48 47 50 36 56 ** ** 33 43
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Income 0-16 Percentile 12 ** 13 ** 22 ** 16 14 18 10 15 12 12 16 17 ** 18 ** 14 17 18 21 23 17 16 ** ** 16 20
Income 17-33 Percentile 22 ** 29 ** 35 ** 25 20 20 21 22 22 22 19 16 ** 21 ** 16 17 18 17 22 14 24 ** ** 17 20
Income 34-67 Percentile 26 ** 37 ** 41 ** 31 26 28 23 23 25 27 26 30 ** 29 ** 21 21 27 21 22 17 34 ** ** 18 28
Income 68-95 Percentile 39 ** 50 ** 48 ** 44 34 38 36 36 36 33 33 37 ** 38 ** 28 32 34 36 37 24 42 ** ** 26 39
Income 96-100 Percentile 62 ** 56 ** 64 ** 46 49 53 39 53 57 48 42 48 ** 54 ** 47 41 50 48 53 42 53 ** ** 42 39
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Professionals 50 ** 58 ** 59 ** 50 ** 48 46 46 43 46 39 45 ** 45 ** 34 38 42 41 42 32 43 ** ** ** **
White Collar 35 ** 43 ** 57 ** 41 ** 32 32 29 26 27 25 23 ** 31 ** 20 23 27 28 25 14 30 ** ** ** **
Blue Collar 30 ** 36 ** 40 ** 25 ** 19 20 19 19 21 20 22 ** 22 ** 15 21 19 14 18 11 28 ** ** ** **
Unskilled 18 ** 17 ** 30 ** 14 ** 25 4 18 11 16 20 25 ** 22 ** 17 19 20 6 16 10 21 ** ** ** **
Farmers 21 ** 21 ** 31 ** 19 ** 27 10 13 30 20 18 7 ** 15 ** 15 13 21 23 30 0 21 ** ** ** **
Housewives 21 ** 30 ** 29 ** 26 ** 21 18 18 21 19 21 18 ** 19 ** 11 12 19 14 20 14 21 ** ** ** **
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Union Households 30 ** 37 ** 41 ** 27 24 20 24 23 23 24 24 31 ** 33 ** 22 21 24 21 25 20 32 ** ** 23 27
Non-Union Households 28 ** 36 ** 41 ** 33 28 32 27 27 28 28 27 27 ** 28 ** 21 25 27 26 28 20 32 ** ** 20 29
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
South 20 ** 27 ** 37 ** 26 18 28 20 22 23 22 26 25 ** 23 ** 18 20 26 28 25 20 32 ** ** 21 31
Nonsouth 31 ** 39 ** 43 ** 34 29 29 28 27 27 28 27 29 ** 31 ** 23 26 28 24 29 19 33 ** ** 20 28
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 17
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 15 30 24 25 24 ** ** 19 30
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 34 25 ** 32 ** 19 27 27 27 30 20 37 ** ** 26 31
Born 1943-1958 ** ** ** ** ** ** 17 35 35 26 28 31 27 31 33 ** 33 ** 24 32 33 29 32 26 37 ** ** 20 28
Born 1927-1942 26 ** 36 ** 37 ** 37 32 30 33 30 29 28 28 35 ** 27 ** 25 18 26 23 24 9 30 ** ** 13 26
Born 1911-1926 29 ** 36 ** 43 ** 32 29 29 25 27 24 29 20 21 ** 24 ** 17 14 16 12 17 12 19 ** ** 23 24
Born 1895-1910 32 ** 39 ** 46 ** 28 18 23 21 19 16 21 16 13 ** 17 ** 11 5 15 15 9 8 15 ** ** ** **
Born before 1895 23 ** 32 ** 33 ** 21 17 24 12 16 20 19 27 11 ** 0 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Democrats (incl leaners) 26 ** 35 ** 37 ** 29 24 25 25 24 25 26 25 24 ** 27 ** 19 24 26 24 26 19 31 ** ** 18 29
Independents 29 ** 36 ** 32 ** 23 22 21 21 20 23 21 23 26 ** 25 ** 14 15 22 13 17 13 17 ** ** 19 18
Republicans (incl leaners) 35 ** 40 ** 50 ** 39 33 37 31 31 31 31 31 36 ** 33 ** 26 28 30 30 33 22 40 ** ** 24 33
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Liberals ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 39 38 38 38 39 ** 45 ** 27 43 37 40 41 31 43 ** ** 30 36
Moderates ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 29 26 25 24 29 ** 27 ** 17 19 26 20 23 18 42 ** ** 15 19
Conservatives ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 33 34 38 35 36 ** 36 ** 30 33 34 32 34 22 39 ** ** 28 35

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
....................

Table 5B.1.2
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 26OCT15)