The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Politics is Too Complicated 1988-2012
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'Neither (1988-later only)'


  % OF GROUP: '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Males 10 11 7 10 11 8 6 ** ** 14 17
Females 7 8 7 8 9 6 8 ** ** 10 14
  '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Whites non-Hispanic 8 9 7 8 10 6 7 ** ** 12 14
Black non-Hispanic 8 6 7 9 10 9 9 ** ** 11 20
Hispanic 13 18 9 15 8 12 14 ** ** 14 22
Race oth/mult non-Hisp 8 15 10 8 11 7 4 ** ** 7 16
  '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 6 5 4 2 9 2 4 ** ** 6 14
High School Diploma 8 10 9 10 11 8 8 ** ** 10 16
Some College, no Degree 8 12 7 11 9 6 8 ** ** 13 20
College Degree/ Post-grad 9 10 6 7 8 8 4 ** ** 12 11
  '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Income 0-16 Percentile 9 9 9 10 14 6 11 ** ** 11 19
Income 17-33 Percentile 4 11 7 7 13 4 11 ** ** 5 13
Income 34-67 Percentile 9 10 8 9 10 9 6 ** ** 11 17
Income 68-95 Percentile 8 10 7 9 6 8 4 ** ** 16 14
Income 96-100 Percentile 9 11 7 10 7 10 3 ** ** 18 16
  '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Professionals 8 8 6 7 9 6 6 ** ** ** **
White Collar 7 13 8 10 7 7 6 ** ** ** **
Blue Collar 9 10 7 10 12 9 7 ** ** ** **
Unskilled 12 11 14 15 18 0 10 ** ** ** **
Farmers 9 13 10 12 13 0 14 ** ** ** **
Housewives 7 4 6 8 9 4 12 ** ** ** **
  '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Union Households 8 11 8 12 7 7 4 ** ** 9 14
Non-Union Households 8 9 7 9 10 7 8 ** ** 12 16
  '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
South 10 8 8 8 10 7 7 ** ** 13 16
Nonsouth 8 10 7 10 9 7 7 ** ** 10 16
  '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 17
Born 1975-1990 ** ** 15 22 16 12 13 ** ** 19 19
Born 1959-1974 10 11 11 12 10 9 8 ** ** 12 14
Born 1943-1958 9 10 6 8 7 6 5 ** ** 8 15
Born 1927-1942 10 8 6 4 9 5 5 ** ** 6 15
Born 1911-1926 5 7 5 7 12 5 6 ** ** 0 7
Born 1895-1910 2 9 3 7 18 0 0 ** ** ** **
Born before 1895 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Democrats (incl leaners) 8 9 7 9 9 8 9 ** ** 11 16
Independents 12 12 7 11 15 8 6 ** ** 15 20
Republicans (incl leaners) 8 10 7 8 10 7 5 ** ** 10 13
  '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Liberals 7 8 7 7 5 10 7 ** ** 13 17
Moderates 10 12 7 12 15 5 6 ** ** 12 21
Conservatives 6 8 7 8 8 6 5 ** ** 10 13

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
....................

Table 5B.1.3
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 26OCT15)