The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

How to Use                                                                                            List of Tables



How Much Does the Government Listen to the People 1964-2004
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'Some'


  % OF GROUP: '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
Males 33 ** 39 44 55 58 57 54 49 46 54 ** 56 ** 60 ** 62 51 59 ** 59
Females 42 ** 44 53 57 60 53 55 49 46 54 ** 58 ** 60 ** 63 52 66 ** 67
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
Whites non-Hispanic 38 ** 42 50 57 61 55 56 49 47 55 ** 61 ** 62 ** 64 55 63 ** 65
Black non-Hispanic 36 ** 39 40 47 47 46 46 45 39 47 ** 42 ** 48 ** 56 37 63 ** 57
Hispanic ** ** 21 33 48 47 56 53 53 48 52 ** 51 ** 62 ** 60 45 59 ** 61
Race oth/mult non-Hisp ** ** 50 75 60 53 63 60 41 18 45 ** 46 ** 61 ** 39 56 65 ** 59
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 35 ** 29 35 42 47 39 35 29 31 42 ** 39 ** 42 ** 42 33 36 ** 50
High School Diploma 40 ** 45 50 59 62 53 55 44 44 52 ** 55 ** 58 ** 60 46 60 ** 62
Some College, no Degree 38 ** 47 58 57 59 63 61 60 48 60 ** 64 ** 66 ** 66 56 67 ** 62
College Degree/ Post-grad 38 ** 46 60 67 65 66 60 65 57 60 ** 63 ** 66 ** 67 62 66 ** 67
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
Income 0-16 Percentile 37 ** 36 36 47 47 45 45 40 46 43 ** 48 ** 52 ** 51 41 54 ** 56
Income 17-33 Percentile 37 ** 39 45 55 55 49 52 48 48 50 ** 54 ** 59 ** 65 46 61 ** 64
Income 34-67 Percentile 37 ** 45 50 59 65 56 56 49 48 57 ** 60 ** 66 ** 65 55 64 ** 66
Income 68-95 Percentile 41 ** 46 53 60 65 61 60 55 47 60 ** 61 ** 62 ** 68 53 69 ** 60
Income 96-100 Percentile 37 ** 40 56 56 49 68 61 56 51 61 ** 60 ** 63 ** 65 68 60 ** 76
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
Professionals 38 ** 47 60 59 61 65 55 55 55 60 ** 57 ** 65 ** 67 59 68 ** 67
White Collar 36 ** 45 54 60 67 58 57 54 44 53 ** 63 ** 66 ** 64 52 64 ** 69
Blue Collar 37 ** 38 44 55 57 50 52 42 43 52 ** 55 ** 56 ** 59 47 58 ** 54
Unskilled 28 ** 30 40 49 65 49 46 63 39 55 ** 48 ** 54 ** 51 38 45 ** 54
Farmers 26 ** 30 32 40 58 42 50 34 42 44 ** 56 ** 54 ** 48 71 47 ** 55
Housewives 43 ** 43 48 55 60 52 57 44 41 54 ** 58 ** 57 ** 65 50 60 ** 71
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
Union Households 38 ** 42 52 59 62 57 55 47 39 51 ** 60 ** 63 ** 62 56 63 ** 59
Non-Union Households 38 ** 42 49 56 58 54 54 49 48 55 ** 57 ** 60 ** 63 51 63 ** 64
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
South 34 ** 37 46 52 56 49 49 47 46 48 ** 53 ** 56 ** 60 49 62 ** 61
Nonsouth 39 ** 44 50 58 61 56 57 50 46 57 ** 59 ** 63 ** 64 53 63 ** 64
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 54 ** 75 45 69 ** 64
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 59 65 55 56 ** 60 ** 66 ** 66 61 66 ** 69
Born 1943-1958 33 ** 57 64 66 65 59 58 56 47 59 ** 62 ** 62 ** 61 48 61 ** 64
Born 1927-1942 43 ** 47 53 57 62 59 56 46 50 50 ** 56 ** 55 ** 61 47 60 ** 58
Born 1911-1926 38 ** 40 46 55 57 50 53 41 40 51 ** 51 ** 55 ** 57 54 54 ** 47
Born 1895-1910 31 ** 32 41 46 49 45 42 35 42 44 ** 41 ** 44 ** 29 0 50 ** **
Born before 1895 36 ** 29 23 34 52 41 24 30 33 25 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
Democrats (incl leaners) 37 ** 41 50 57 61 56 54 48 46 51 ** 55 ** 59 ** 62 52 61 ** 61
Independents 38 ** 46 42 55 52 46 52 50 38 52 ** 50 ** 58 ** 62 50 54 ** 61
Republicans (incl leaners) 41 ** 43 51 56 61 56 57 49 49 58 ** 62 ** 64 ** 63 53 69 ** 66
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
Liberals ** ** ** ** 59 64 60 57 57 51 57 ** 58 ** 63 ** 63 56 66 ** 66
Moderates ** ** ** ** 60 69 60 62 50 47 58 ** 62 ** 63 ** 65 58 65 ** 61
Conservatives ** ** ** ** 59 57 56 55 51 51 58 ** 60 ** 62 ** 65 52 61 ** 68

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
....................

Table 5C.1.2
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 26OCT15)