The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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How Much Does the Government Listen to the People 1964-2004
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'A Good Deal'


  % OF GROUP: '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
Males 37 ** 24 29 19 13 11 17 10 11 16 ** 17 ** 15 ** 17 22 19 ** 19
Females 28 ** 22 20 16 10 10 12 7 9 14 ** 10 ** 10 ** 14 15 14 ** 12
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
Whites non-Hispanic 31 ** 22 25 18 12 11 14 7 10 15 ** 13 ** 12 ** 13 16 16 ** 15
Black non-Hispanic 39 ** 33 17 11 7 9 15 15 11 17 ** 12 ** 16 ** 24 28 13 ** 15
Hispanic ** ** 29 17 15 11 9 13 6 2 14 ** 11 ** 14 ** 19 24 24 ** 20
Race oth/mult non-Hisp ** ** 0 0 27 0 14 16 18 18 14 ** 10 ** 15 ** 36 12 18 ** 19
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 23 ** 21 18 13 4 11 15 10 11 15 ** 11 ** 18 ** 25 23 14 ** 22
High School Diploma 33 ** 19 25 15 9 9 12 9 8 14 ** 10 ** 11 ** 13 18 12 ** 14
Some College, no Degree 38 ** 29 28 25 17 9 13 6 9 14 ** 11 ** 10 ** 11 17 17 ** 14
College Degree/ Post-grad 41 ** 34 26 23 20 15 20 8 14 19 ** 21 ** 14 ** 23 20 23 ** 19
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
Income 0-16 Percentile 21 ** 21 18 14 8 10 14 9 9 17 ** 9 ** 14 ** 22 24 17 ** 14
Income 17-33 Percentile 29 ** 21 17 14 8 10 14 10 8 18 ** 9 ** 11 ** 13 21 16 ** 15
Income 34-67 Percentile 33 ** 20 22 15 10 11 13 8 9 13 ** 12 ** 11 ** 10 14 15 ** 12
Income 68-95 Percentile 38 ** 27 31 22 15 11 15 8 11 15 ** 18 ** 14 ** 16 17 16 ** 19
Income 96-100 Percentile 42 ** 42 36 32 35 13 21 11 18 20 ** 22 ** 14 ** 23 24 26 ** 17
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
Professionals 35 ** 29 27 24 18 10 16 10 11 16 ** 17 ** 14 ** 19 17 19 ** 14
White Collar 37 ** 19 23 19 11 13 17 7 8 15 ** 12 ** 11 ** 9 17 13 ** 14
Blue Collar 31 ** 21 27 14 8 8 12 10 9 14 ** 11 ** 13 ** 15 16 14 ** 18
Unskilled 44 ** 30 20 17 3 15 15 5 8 10 ** 12 ** 16 ** 12 26 17 ** 15
Farmers 31 ** 22 16 12 7 16 18 10 12 14 ** 15 ** 19 ** 17 29 37 ** 31
Housewives 28 ** 23 20 15 9 11 11 5 10 16 ** 9 ** 9 ** 17 19 21 ** 16
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
Union Households 37 ** 21 25 15 11 9 12 9 10 15 ** 14 ** 12 ** 15 16 21 ** 18
Non-Union Households 30 ** 24 23 18 11 11 15 8 10 15 ** 13 ** 12 ** 16 19 16 ** 15
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
South 27 ** 25 20 18 9 11 15 9 11 19 ** 12 ** 14 ** 19 22 14 ** 19
Nonsouth 33 ** 22 25 17 12 10 14 8 9 13 ** 13 ** 12 ** 13 17 18 ** 14
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 0 ** 8 26 13 ** 13
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 9 6 8 14 ** 10 ** 10 ** 12 14 15 ** 11
Born 1943-1958 24 ** 17 15 16 11 10 14 6 7 13 ** 12 ** 12 ** 18 22 20 ** 19
Born 1927-1942 33 ** 21 27 20 10 9 13 9 9 15 ** 18 ** 16 ** 14 20 18 ** 20
Born 1911-1926 34 ** 28 31 17 14 11 14 11 14 17 ** 12 ** 14 ** 20 12 14 ** 22
Born 1895-1910 30 ** 23 17 16 9 11 15 11 14 19 ** 16 ** 17 ** 20 21 24 ** **
Born before 1895 23 ** 20 25 17 11 10 28 20 17 50 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
Democrats (incl leaners) 36 ** 24 22 13 10 9 17 11 9 14 ** 10 ** 15 ** 17 19 20 ** 11
Independents 19 ** 13 23 14 7 11 9 3 7 13 ** 8 ** 5 ** 14 12 13 ** 9
Republicans (incl leaners) 27 ** 25 28 25 15 13 11 6 12 17 ** 17 ** 12 ** 14 19 13 ** 22
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
Liberals ** ** ** ** 16 11 12 18 9 10 14 ** 12 ** 14 ** 18 18 27 ** 13
Moderates ** ** ** ** 18 9 9 12 11 12 14 ** 13 ** 11 ** 13 16 20 ** 16
Conservatives ** ** ** ** 23 17 11 15 8 12 18 ** 16 ** 13 ** 16 21 17 ** 20

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
....................

Table 5C.1.3
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 26OCT15)