The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Elections Make the Government Pay Attention 1964-2012
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'Some'


  % OF GROUP: '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Males 23 23 27 27 34 34 35 31 33 ** 38 ** 43 ** 38 ** 39 37 38 36 35 42 49
Females 26 26 30 33 37 36 36 33 36 ** 36 ** 45 ** 44 ** 45 45 44 43 38 42 51
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Whites non-Hispanic 25 25 29 29 35 36 36 32 36 ** 38 ** 45 ** 41 ** 44 43 41 41 37 44 51
Black non-Hispanic 22 23 26 42 41 33 40 30 27 ** 25 ** 40 ** 38 ** 33 25 42 35 40 31 46
Hispanic ** 23 36 33 44 26 23 34 25 ** 42 ** 38 ** 46 ** 38 46 40 40 29 39 48
Race oth/mult non-Hisp ** 25 0 25 40 12 14 36 47 ** 27 ** 48 ** 30 ** 32 34 42 37 35 39 51
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 30 23 23 30 40 39 33 29 28 ** 31 ** 35 ** 37 ** 33 39 43 23 38 30 44
High School Diploma 24 28 30 32 36 37 36 34 34 ** 36 ** 44 ** 40 ** 41 41 42 42 40 43 47
Some College, no Degree 17 21 32 28 31 32 34 32 36 ** 37 ** 48 ** 41 ** 46 41 42 42 36 43 51
College Degree/ Post-grad 25 22 27 28 34 29 38 29 39 ** 41 ** 45 ** 45 ** 43 45 39 37 31 41 53
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Income 0-16 Percentile 28 26 27 35 40 32 33 32 29 ** 35 ** 38 ** 38 ** 37 37 41 ** 40 38 44
Income 17-33 Percentile 27 27 30 38 36 41 34 33 36 ** 34 ** 47 ** 40 ** 44 39 43 ** 40 39 49
Income 34-67 Percentile 23 27 31 32 35 36 37 34 34 ** 38 ** 44 ** 43 ** 45 46 40 ** 37 46 52
Income 68-95 Percentile 22 23 27 23 36 36 37 28 35 ** 39 ** 46 ** 42 ** 43 40 41 ** 36 42 52
Income 96-100 Percentile 18 15 17 29 23 19 26 31 40 ** 42 ** 42 ** 41 ** 38 41 33 ** 21 40 49
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Professionals 25 ** 28 24 33 35 35 30 35 ** 39 ** 46 ** 42 ** 44 41 43 ** 37 ** **
White Collar 20 ** 32 32 33 34 39 35 38 ** 36 ** 48 ** 44 ** 39 48 40 ** 39 ** **
Blue Collar 24 ** 26 26 37 36 38 32 32 ** 35 ** 43 ** 38 ** 43 34 40 ** 37 ** **
Unskilled 31 ** 25 52 34 43 33 32 30 ** 35 ** 33 ** 39 ** 50 42 30 ** 38 ** **
Farmers 29 ** 25 42 45 34 31 43 38 ** 33 ** 40 ** 39 ** 42 40 33 ** 37 ** **
Housewives 27 ** 29 35 37 35 32 31 37 ** 38 ** 43 ** 43 ** 41 51 44 ** 23 ** **
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Union Households 20 28 29 28 39 35 36 31 34 ** 36 ** 43 ** 42 ** 36 42 38 41 38 43 51
Non-Union Households 26 24 28 31 35 36 35 33 35 ** 37 ** 44 ** 41 ** 44 41 42 40 36 42 50
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
South 28 24 26 33 34 41 37 30 31 ** 33 ** 42 ** 41 ** 40 42 43 36 33 42 49
Nonsouth 24 25 29 29 36 33 35 33 36 ** 38 ** 45 ** 41 ** 44 41 41 42 38 42 51
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 53
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 46 ** 43 43 50 48 44 49 52
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 38 46 ** 39 ** 48 ** 44 ** 45 45 43 44 38 40 50
Born 1943-1958 14 27 33 29 38 36 39 34 35 ** 43 ** 49 ** 44 ** 47 41 39 39 33 42 50
Born 1927-1942 21 27 30 31 34 34 37 30 36 ** 33 ** 42 ** 38 ** 39 37 40 29 32 35 45
Born 1911-1926 25 22 28 27 35 35 30 32 32 ** 28 ** 37 ** 34 ** 28 39 35 31 34 33 47
Born 1895-1910 29 25 24 35 38 36 31 29 28 ** 33 ** 34 ** 32 ** 12 58 41 0 ** ** **
Born before 1895 30 26 28 27 28 45 51 16 10 ** 25 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Democrats (incl leaners) 23 24 29 31 38 35 37 32 35 ** 36 ** 45 ** 40 ** 42 39 42 41 40 37 50
Independents 30 28 33 28 38 37 38 33 33 ** 40 ** 40 ** 43 ** 45 48 36 40 45 54 45
Republicans (incl leaners) 28 26 27 31 31 36 33 34 34 ** 36 ** 44 ** 43 ** 42 43 43 38 30 46 51
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Liberals ** ** ** ** 38 30 36 30 39 ** 39 ** 48 ** 41 ** 43 41 40 39 36 38 53
Moderates ** ** ** ** 35 40 37 35 37 ** 38 ** 45 ** 42 ** 46 45 43 40 43 47 49
Conservatives ** ** ** ** 32 32 33 30 31 ** 34 ** 44 ** 40 ** 42 41 41 37 27 40 51

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
....................

Table 5C.2.2
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 26OCT15)