The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Government Responsiveness Index 1964-2012
AVERAGE AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS FOR:      AVERAGE SCORE ON INDEX


  AVG. OF GROUP: '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Males 68 79 62 64 61 56 55 60 53 35 51 ** 53 ** 58 ** 57 59 58 72 63 66 53
Females 67 77 62 60 59 55 54 56 50 34 52 ** 49 ** 53 ** 53 53 56 70 59 70 53
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
White non-Hispanic 67 77 61 64 61 56 55 58 51 34 52 ** 53 ** 56 ** 54 55 57 72 62 68 51
Black non-Hispanic 71 84 69 49 50 49 51 56 53 32 54 ** 41 ** 52 ** 63 57 54 61 53 72 61
Hispanic ** 59 69 50 53 57 52 57 52 31 50 ** 47 ** 58 ** 57 56 58 68 66 67 56
Race oth/mult non-Hisp ** 88 67 69 68 35 52 60 46 27 42 ** 45 ** 56 ** 59 54 60 77 61 69 51
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 60 71 56 53 52 43 48 53 45 29 49 ** 43 ** 54 ** 53 51 40 65 52 53 48
High School Diploma 69 77 61 62 59 55 54 56 50 32 50 ** 48 ** 53 ** 52 52 52 67 58 65 51
Some College, no Degree 70 87 65 67 67 61 57 60 54 33 54 ** 52 ** 56 ** 54 57 60 73 60 67 53
College Degree/ Post-grad 71 85 71 70 66 66 62 66 56 43 56 ** 61 ** 59 ** 63 61 64 77 67 74 56
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Income 0-16 Percentile 59 71 58 50 54 48 51 53 48 34 50 ** 45 ** 52 ** 56 56 51 ** 54 66 53
Income 17-33 Percentile 66 75 59 55 57 49 53 57 51 32 53 ** 46 ** 53 ** 54 54 54 ** 61 68 51
Income 34-67 Percentile 69 76 60 60 60 57 56 58 51 34 52 ** 52 ** 57 ** 51 53 56 ** 60 67 52
Income 68-95 Percentile 71 82 65 70 65 59 57 61 54 35 53 ** 57 ** 57 ** 59 57 62 ** 63 70 53
Income 96-100 Percentile 75 91 75 74 72 75 64 65 53 44 58 ** 60 ** 59 ** 64 66 65 ** 71 71 61
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Professionals 68 ** 67 69 65 61 57 61 56 39 54 ** 55 ** 58 ** 60 59 61 ** 62 ** **
White Collar 72 ** 60 62 63 60 59 59 52 32 51 ** 52 ** 56 ** 51 53 55 ** 61 ** **
Blue Collar 66 ** 60 61 58 52 51 56 50 32 51 ** 49 ** 54 ** 54 52 52 ** 59 ** **
Unskilled 70 ** 64 47 56 49 51 59 55 30 50 ** 42 ** 55 ** 45 50 53 ** 54 ** **
Farmers 60 ** 56 49 50 51 55 60 47 35 48 ** 50 ** 61 ** 50 72 65 ** 68 ** **
Housewives 67 ** 62 60 59 54 54 57 46 33 53 ** 50 ** 52 ** 54 54 59 ** 65 ** **
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Union Households 73 74 61 63 58 56 54 57 51 31 51 ** 53 ** 57 ** 55 57 61 70 61 68 54
Non-Union Households 66 79 62 61 61 55 55 58 51 35 52 ** 51 ** 55 ** 55 55 56 71 61 68 53
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
South 64 77 62 57 60 52 52 57 53 35 53 ** 49 ** 54 ** 57 57 55 70 63 68 53
Nonsouth 68 78 62 63 60 57 56 58 51 34 51 ** 52 ** 56 ** 54 55 58 72 60 68 53
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 53
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 52 ** 53 56 53 67 57 66 51
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 57 54 37 52 ** 49 ** 54 ** 52 54 56 68 60 68 53
Born 1943-1958 63 76 60 58 62 58 56 58 52 31 52 ** 51 ** 56 ** 57 56 59 74 65 69 54
Born 1927-1942 71 79 62 65 62 56 54 58 52 36 51 ** 55 ** 56 ** 57 57 59 77 61 70 54
Born 1911-1926 69 80 64 67 60 57 55 58 49 35 53 ** 50 ** 57 ** 58 54 52 74 61 68 61
Born 1895-1910 65 80 60 55 55 49 54 57 51 39 52 ** 48 ** 55 ** 49 39 69 43 ** ** **
Born before 1895 55 59 57 53 59 49 47 55 55 33 63 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Democrats (incl leaners) 71 77 62 60 57 56 54 60 52 33 51 ** 47 ** 57 ** 57 58 58 69 56 72 55
Independents & Apolitical 57 73 55 58 56 47 50 52 46 29 46 ** 43 ** 45 ** 50 46 48 52 50 56 41
Republicans (incl leaners) 63 81 64 67 67 60 58 58 53 37 55 ** 57 ** 56 ** 54 55 57 78 69 67 55
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Liberals ** ** ** ** 61 57 59 61 53 36 53 ** 51 ** 59 ** 58 57 67 75 58 75 55
Moderates ** ** ** ** 62 58 57 59 53 36 51 ** 53 ** 56 ** 52 56 62 73 59 65 47
Conservatives ** ** ** ** 65 59 57 60 54 38 56 ** 56 ** 56 ** 58 58 59 77 69 69 56

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group


table 5C.3.1
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table

(Table generated: 04NOV15)