The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Approval of Performance of Congress 1980-2012
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'Don't Know'


  % OF GROUP: '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Males 10 10 6 8 8 5 5 6 7 6 8 2 8 7 4
Females 24 22 17 25 19 13 12 10 8 11 20 3 19 15 6
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Whites non-Hispanic 16 16 10 17 12 9 7 7 7 7 14 3 13 11 5
Black non-Hispanic 31 17 24 18 25 12 14 10 9 8 13 1 12 10 4
Hispanic 22 22 19 18 20 10 13 11 10 16 19 1 22 13 7
Race oth/mult non-Hisp 18 18 15 28 20 8 12 3 20 17 19 3 15 14 6
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 32 28 28 35 29 22 22 12 13 21 11 9 25 20 6
High School Diploma 21 21 13 21 17 11 11 9 9 10 17 2 14 13 6
Some College, no Degree 13 10 8 14 10 6 5 7 7 7 14 3 14 13 5
College Degree/ Post-grad 9 7 6 7 4 3 3 4 7 4 11 2 11 6 4
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Income 0-16 Percentile 29 27 24 27 25 18 15 9 9 12 16 ** 12 15 7
Income 17-33 Percentile 16 17 15 23 18 9 13 9 8 14 15 ** 17 15 6
Income 34-67 Percentile 17 12 8 13 12 7 5 7 8 8 15 ** 13 12 4
Income 68-95 Percentile 13 10 8 13 7 4 4 6 7 6 10 ** 11 7 4
Income 96-100 Percentile 15 10 2 6 4 8 3 0 5 2 10 ** 9 5 1
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Professionals 8 8 4 8 8 5 5 4 6 6 12 ** 10 ** **
White Collar 21 18 11 19 12 8 6 10 10 5 17 ** 13 ** **
Blue Collar 20 19 14 20 18 10 11 9 9 10 13 ** 16 ** **
Unskilled 25 15 9 16 29 11 4 8 6 22 8 ** 1 ** **
Farmers 21 23 20 11 7 11 13 12 6 19 12 ** 7 ** **
Housewives 30 23 20 31 19 15 12 13 11 16 22 ** 21 ** **
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Union Households 18 13 9 15 14 7 6 6 6 9 18 2 17 9 5
Non-Union Households 18 18 13 18 14 10 9 8 8 9 14 2 13 12 5
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
South 16 16 14 18 15 12 12 9 9 10 14 3 11 11 5
Nonsouth 19 17 11 17 14 8 7 7 8 8 15 2 15 12 5
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 11
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** 8 13 8 15 20 3 15 14 7
Born 1959-1974 19 19 14 23 17 10 10 10 11 9 15 3 13 12 5
Born 1943-1958 19 15 9 16 13 7 7 6 5 5 14 1 13 11 3
Born 1927-1942 15 14 10 11 12 8 7 3 7 9 9 1 12 6 1
Born 1911-1926 18 17 14 19 11 10 12 12 7 12 14 7 21 15 14
Born 1895-1910 22 28 20 34 27 29 17 14 17 0 41 10 ** ** **
Born before 1895 30 25 0 100 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Democrats (incl leaners) 18 16 12 16 14 8 8 7 7 8 14 1 15 13 5
Independents 31 30 23 31 27 27 19 15 15 23 22 9 16 19 6
Republicans (incl leaners) 13 11 8 15 11 5 6 6 7 4 13 2 11 6 4
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Liberals 13 13 7 14 11 5 6 6 5 6 13 2 11 12 4
Moderates 14 11 8 14 12 6 6 6 6 7 14 2 13 12 4
Conservatives 12 8 6 13 9 3 6 4 6 4 11 2 11 6 3

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
....................

Table 5C.4.3
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 02NOV15)