The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Voter Registration 1952-2012
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'Not Registered'


  % OF GROUP: '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Males 14 ** 13 ** 11 ** 12 ** 12 ** 14 ** 17 29 19 22 18 27 18 30 16 26 15 22 14 11 11 16 9
Females 23 ** 22 ** 20 ** 16 ** 17 ** 18 ** 22 27 23 24 19 25 22 31 20 22 14 17 17 16 10 12 9
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Whites non-Hispanic 14 ** 15 ** 13 ** 12 ** 14 ** 16 ** 19 26 21 23 17 25 18 29 16 22 13 19 14 13 10 13 9
Black non-Hispanic 62 ** 53 ** 44 ** 25 ** 21 ** 11 ** 24 35 18 20 23 27 22 28 20 29 18 22 16 18 9 12 4
Hispanic ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 36 ** 43 ** 30 42 35 40 24 39 26 42 30 34 16 21 24 16 13 20 12
Race oth/mult non-Hisp ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 0 ** 0 ** 26 48 41 27 32 38 31 36 24 32 16 13 16 17 14 12 11
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 29 ** 27 ** 26 ** 20 ** 22 ** 27 ** 27 33 31 34 32 36 31 34 30 41 31 21 25 33 32 38 20
High School Diploma 14 ** 17 ** 13 ** 14 ** 14 ** 18 ** 24 33 26 27 24 33 29 38 26 33 21 25 23 19 15 22 14
Some College, no Degree 7 ** 7 ** 11 ** 6 ** 14 ** 6 ** 11 22 17 19 12 20 13 26 12 16 10 20 12 12 8 8 8
College Degree/ Post-grad 4 ** 5 ** 3 ** 8 ** 7 ** 7 ** 8 14 6 9 5 12 3 13 5 9 3 7 4 4 2 4 3
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Income 0-16 Percentile 35 ** 32 ** 27 ** 23 ** 24 ** 24 ** 32 35 31 30 36 37 38 43 34 38 28 28 33 ** 17 26 15
Income 17-33 Percentile 21 ** 25 ** 24 ** 18 ** 23 ** 24 ** 22 34 25 31 23 32 23 35 25 30 21 26 17 ** 16 16 16
Income 34-67 Percentile 18 ** 16 ** 14 ** 14 ** 12 ** 19 ** 21 28 22 23 17 25 18 32 16 23 16 19 17 ** 9 11 7
Income 68-95 Percentile 11 ** 11 ** 11 ** 8 ** 8 ** 8 ** 14 23 12 14 10 19 12 21 9 17 6 14 6 ** 3 9 6
Income 96-100 Percentile 0 ** 5 ** 0 ** 6 ** 3 ** 0 ** 6 14 8 17 5 16 4 18 8 10 0 9 3 ** 3 11 5
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Professionals 6 ** 6 ** 8 ** 9 ** 7 ** 8 ** 9 15 8 13 6 13 8 17 9 15 6 9 8 ** 4 ** **
White Collar 12 ** 12 ** 7 ** 7 ** 11 ** 11 ** 15 28 20 22 15 21 16 27 14 20 10 20 14 ** 9 ** **
Blue Collar 18 ** 20 ** 16 ** 14 ** 18 ** 19 ** 25 36 27 28 26 35 30 37 23 30 22 25 21 ** 16 ** **
Unskilled 38 ** 26 ** 15 ** 19 ** 20 ** 13 ** 28 46 28 32 26 39 26 43 26 37 29 25 16 ** 33 ** **
Farmers 16 ** 18 ** 11 ** 24 ** 21 ** 9 ** 22 32 17 23 27 30 22 38 33 36 15 7 9 ** 5 ** **
Housewives 21 ** 23 ** 25 ** 17 ** 17 ** 22 ** 25 26 26 25 23 29 22 32 23 27 19 18 18 ** 10 ** **
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Union Households 19 ** 16 ** 18 ** 12 ** 15 ** 13 ** 14 24 18 20 15 24 18 24 12 17 10 14 10 10 5 11 6
Non-Union Households 19 ** 19 ** 15 ** 14 ** 15 ** 17 ** 21 29 22 24 19 27 20 31 19 26 15 21 16 14 12 14 9
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
South 40 ** 31 ** 25 ** 24 ** 20 ** 23 ** 25 31 22 25 23 32 27 36 25 29 20 23 20 18 13 13 8
Nonsouth 13 ** 14 ** 13 ** 11 ** 13 ** 14 ** 18 27 21 22 17 23 17 27 15 21 11 17 13 12 10 14 9
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 19
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 15 52 21 44 27 29 18 22 12
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 64 37 43 33 44 38 47 28 34 19 22 18 12 11 12 9
Born 1943-1958 ** ** ** ** ** ** 43 ** 32 ** 22 ** 27 38 27 26 18 30 18 27 16 18 13 17 12 12 7 9 6
Born 1927-1942 32 ** 31 ** 25 ** 19 ** 16 ** 14 ** 15 21 16 18 13 15 14 19 12 14 10 9 9 7 6 8 4
Born 1911-1926 21 ** 17 ** 13 ** 11 ** 8 ** 12 ** 13 17 14 14 13 13 11 17 13 16 8 11 11 9 9 14 2
Born 1895-1910 15 ** 14 ** 14 ** 9 ** 12 ** 15 ** 16 19 15 23 21 18 17 28 14 27 11 0 0 0 ** ** **
Born before 1895 14 ** 14 ** 13 ** 12 ** 20 ** 19 ** 38 15 40 29 0 0 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Democrats (incl leaners) 19 ** 17 ** 15 ** 14 ** 14 ** 13 ** 17 26 18 19 18 22 18 26 16 22 15 17 12 14 9 12 7
Independents 14 ** 16 ** 23 ** 30 ** 24 ** 42 ** 36 49 43 53 35 52 44 50 31 46 39 33 36 33 28 35 23
Republicans (incl leaners) 12 ** 14 ** 9 ** 8 ** 10 ** 11 ** 15 19 17 17 14 22 16 29 15 20 8 18 12 9 7 8 7
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Liberals ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 10 ** 14 26 15 16 13 21 20 22 13 18 9 19 7 12 7 8 5
Moderates ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 14 ** 18 26 17 17 17 26 16 26 14 24 16 22 12 8 10 12 12
Conservatives ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 10 ** 11 20 15 15 10 18 11 24 12 16 6 13 8 10 5 9 5

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
....................

Table 6A.1.1
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 26OCT15)