The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Tried to Influence How Others Vote 1952-2012
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'No'


  % OF GROUP: '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Males 67 ** 64 78 61 75 63 73 60 69 63 82 56 74 60 73 65 75 66 78 57 73 67 75 61 65 49 54 58
Females 78 ** 78 88 71 87 73 81 73 77 72 87 69 82 67 81 70 82 75 87 68 82 77 86 70 75 55 55 62
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Whites non-Hispanic 71 ** 71 84 65 82 68 76 68 73 68 85 62 78 63 77 65 79 70 82 60 77 71 80 65 73 49 53 59
Black non-Hispanic 88 ** 77 78 78 83 76 89 60 81 69 89 68 83 70 77 74 81 74 86 73 86 77 84 73 61 62 59 59
Hispanic ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 85 86 71 67 100 69 83 65 77 77 81 69 84 69 80 80 83 64 69 58 62 65
Race oth/mult non-Hisp ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 75 75 63 73 100 60 68 71 91 88 85 82 90 73 78 71 65 61 61 53 55 63
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 82 ** 80 88 75 87 81 89 77 89 82 94 78 89 77 85 85 92 84 94 80 92 79 87 79 81 80 69 66
High School Diploma 69 ** 72 85 66 84 72 79 69 78 72 88 69 85 70 83 73 84 77 87 69 85 78 87 69 77 56 64 66
Some College, no Degree 57 ** 58 71 56 79 56 62 59 52 56 81 52 71 56 72 62 74 65 78 57 72 69 79 67 71 49 51 57
College Degree/ Post-grad 53 ** 59 71 56 65 41 59 54 47 52 68 44 60 49 65 51 67 57 71 49 66 65 69 56 60 45 43 55
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Income 0-16 Percentile 82 ** 83 88 76 89 82 88 79 88 79 94 75 87 70 81 76 87 83 89 73 83 79 89 73 ** 64 60 66
Income 17-33 Percentile 82 ** 78 87 75 91 72 81 72 84 70 90 68 83 73 82 74 82 78 88 68 83 78 87 69 ** 60 57 64
Income 34-67 Percentile 73 ** 67 82 68 80 68 79 65 77 70 84 65 78 64 77 66 79 69 82 61 78 73 83 66 ** 46 56 59
Income 68-95 Percentile 66 ** 66 79 57 74 63 72 58 61 61 82 56 73 56 72 62 74 61 78 54 74 64 74 58 ** 45 49 58
Income 96-100 Percentile 43 ** 60 75 58 75 46 59 65 50 48 62 42 68 47 74 51 65 62 73 56 64 56 69 52 ** 42 44 48
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Professionals 56 ** 61 77 53 ** 53 ** 54 59 58 74 50 66 54 69 61 69 62 72 54 69 67 72 60 ** 44 ** **
White Collar 69 ** 71 73 61 ** 62 ** 69 68 66 86 60 77 65 78 68 80 69 87 64 78 73 80 67 ** 51 ** **
Blue Collar 66 ** 67 80 68 ** 73 ** 68 80 70 89 64 83 66 83 68 82 78 86 65 82 75 86 68 ** 53 ** **
Unskilled 84 ** 80 87 71 ** 69 ** 55 83 60 100 68 90 73 74 70 79 69 93 74 86 71 86 81 ** 70 ** **
Farmers 81 ** 71 94 66 ** 79 ** 71 81 84 85 79 75 79 80 86 84 69 85 71 83 75 100 82 ** 52 ** **
Housewives 80 ** 78 91 74 ** 75 ** 74 79 77 89 76 85 73 81 73 88 76 86 70 82 80 85 66 ** 68 ** **
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Union Households 71 ** 69 79 67 ** 70 76 64 75 68 86 62 79 62 72 65 77 69 84 60 77 67 75 57 65 44 51 60
Non-Union Households 73 ** 73 85 66 ** 68 78 68 73 68 85 64 78 64 79 68 80 71 82 63 78 73 82 67 72 54 55 60
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
South 73 ** 75 85 68 82 71 83 65 77 68 90 64 79 64 78 71 82 72 84 66 77 74 84 66 71 59 53 61
Nonsouth 72 ** 71 83 66 81 68 76 68 72 68 83 63 78 64 77 66 78 71 82 61 78 72 79 66 71 49 56 60
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 68
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 69 89 81 89 67 81 44 59 67
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 86 57 78 69 83 72 85 61 78 77 81 66 73 53 55 62
Born 1943-1958 ** ** ** ** ** ** 67 73 66 67 62 83 60 78 61 75 65 77 68 78 56 74 67 76 64 65 51 48 52
Born 1927-1942 67 ** 73 83 65 82 64 76 62 65 65 85 62 76 59 77 66 73 70 80 65 77 68 79 63 67 53 55 55
Born 1911-1926 74 ** 70 84 66 80 68 75 68 74 70 84 64 78 69 79 68 84 74 88 73 86 75 89 73 71 75 75 51
Born 1895-1910 69 ** 71 81 68 79 72 82 71 84 77 90 70 86 81 88 82 88 84 93 84 84 80 100 91 100 ** ** **
Born before 1895 77 ** 76 86 67 89 77 86 78 96 88 92 86 84 80 67 0 100 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Democrats (incl leaners) 75 ** 72 80 67 81 72 80 67 73 67 85 62 79 66 76 66 78 70 82 64 79 77 82 65 70 52 57 62
Independents 79 ** 76 90 71 89 76 85 73 81 81 91 75 91 79 90 81 92 86 94 77 95 82 92 80 81 66 76 77
Republicans (incl leaners) 66 ** 68 84 62 79 58 70 64 70 65 82 58 70 55 75 65 76 68 79 56 72 64 76 61 69 49 45 52
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Liberals ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 49 79 50 69 53 67 55 71 65 72 53 68 74 74 60 69 40 46 58
Moderates ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 70 86 65 80 68 75 69 81 74 86 66 85 74 86 70 71 56 59 68
Conservatives ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 63 79 51 70 56 69 61 72 63 74 51 68 62 73 62 66 49 43 52

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
....................

Table 6B.1.1
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 26OCT15)