The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Attended Political Meeting 1952-2008
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'No'


  % OF GROUP: '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Males 93 ** 91 ** 90 90 90 ** 90 89 90 95 94 89 92 90 91 93 91 93 91 94 93 93 94 93 93 91
Females 94 ** 94 ** 93 93 92 ** 91 92 92 94 93 92 93 92 93 94 94 95 93 95 96 96 96 96 93 92
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Whites 93 ** 93 ** 92 92 91 ** 90 91 91 94 93 90 92 91 92 93 94 94 92 94 94 95 95 95 92 92
Blacks 96 ** 97 ** 88 92 92 ** 95 92 93 95 96 91 93 86 90 95 90 93 92 95 98 93 94 95 96 89
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 96 ** 96 ** 94 96 97 ** 96 96 97 98 97 95 95 97 97 96 97 98 96 99 97 96 97 94 91 98
High School Diploma 93 ** 94 ** 92 93 93 ** 92 94 93 96 96 94 95 93 94 96 96 96 96 97 98 96 97 96 97 96
Some College, no Degree 87 ** 88 ** 85 90 87 ** 87 82 87 91 92 88 92 88 89 93 90 93 90 93 92 95 94 96 91 90
College Degree/ Post-grad 87 ** 84 ** 89 82 76 ** 82 72 81 86 85 80 85 85 88 87 86 88 85 89 90 92 92 92 88 87
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Income 0-16 Percentile 96 ** 97 ** 96 96 96 ** 97 97 98 99 97 96 94 90 95 96 96 97 96 99 95 96 97 ** 92 89
Income 17-33 Percentile 95 ** 94 ** 96 94 94 ** 93 95 93 96 96 93 94 91 92 95 96 95 96 95 97 98 97 ** 95 92
Income 34-67 Percentile 94 ** 95 ** 91 93 94 ** 91 94 92 94 95 90 94 92 90 94 94 96 91 95 96 95 96 ** 92 93
Income 68-95 Percentile 90 ** 90 ** 89 88 87 ** 89 85 86 92 92 89 90 90 94 92 89 91 89 94 93 93 91 ** 91 91
Income 96-100 Percentile 88 ** 84 ** 85 76 78 ** 80 72 80 82 83 80 85 86 88 84 80 85 86 77 85 90 93 ** 92 90
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Professionals 87 ** 89 ** 87 ** 83 ** 86 82 84 90 89 84 89 84 88 89 88 90 87 91 92 92 92 ** 90 **
White Collar 92 ** 92 ** 89 ** 88 ** 91 89 89 94 91 90 91 89 92 92 93 95 93 95 94 97 96 ** 92 **
Blue Collar 94 ** 94 ** 93 ** 95 ** 93 93 94 97 97 94 96 94 93 96 96 96 95 96 97 95 97 ** 96 **
Unskilled 95 ** 95 ** 97 ** 94 ** 95 100 97 100 96 97 93 97 91 95 100 95 98 98 90 93 100 ** 90 **
Farmers 98 ** 93 ** 87 ** 93 ** 95 97 89 97 94 93 93 93 97 96 93 92 95 100 95 84 93 ** 100 **
Housewives 94 ** 94 ** 94 ** 93 ** 91 95 94 93 94 92 93 95 98 98 95 95 95 94 98 96 97 ** 94 **
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Union Households 92 ** 93 ** 91 ** 93 ** 95 93 92 94 94 93 91 91 93 94 91 96 92 94 95 92 94 92 93 91
Non-Union Households 94 ** 93 ** 92 ** 91 ** 90 90 91 94 94 90 93 91 92 93 93 94 92 95 95 95 95 95 93 91
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
South 95 ** 94 ** 94 92 91 ** 92 94 94 95 95 90 94 91 94 94 95 94 91 94 96 95 96 96 93 93
Nonsouth 92 ** 93 ** 91 92 91 ** 91 89 90 94 93 91 92 91 92 93 92 94 92 95 94 95 95 94 93 90
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 91
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 77 99 97 96 96 97 92 93
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 96 94 88 92 96 94 97 93 97 95 95 97 95 93 88
Born 1943-1958 ** ** ** ** ** ** 95 ** 91 92 90 94 94 91 93 90 91 92 92 92 90 92 94 93 93 94 92 94
Born 1927-1942 92 ** 95 ** 90 94 92 ** 88 88 89 91 93 88 92 92 93 94 92 92 91 94 93 95 94 93 94 98
Born 1911-1926 95 ** 92 ** 93 90 91 ** 91 89 92 95 94 90 91 91 93 91 94 93 94 94 97 95 98 95 94 **
Born 1895-1910 90 ** 93 ** 91 91 90 ** 93 94 95 95 94 93 92 92 94 97 92 98 95 97 93 100 100 100 ** **
Born before 1895 95 ** 94 ** 92 94 92 ** 95 97 98 100 100 92 100 100 100 100 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Democrats (incl leaners) 94 ** 92 ** 94 92 94 ** 91 91 91 94 94 91 93 90 91 92 92 93 90 96 96 95 94 93 93 89
Independents 96 ** 98 ** 91 94 98 ** 93 94 95 96 95 94 95 96 96 96 97 99 95 97 97 96 99 100 99 95
Republicans (incl leaners) 91 ** 92 ** 87 91 85 ** 90 89 89 94 92 88 90 90 93 94 92 94 93 93 92 95 95 95 91 94
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Liberals ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 85 91 90 87 87 90 88 91 89 90 86 93 94 93 93 95 87 83
Moderates ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 91 95 94 90 94 89 93 92 92 96 92 96 97 96 93 93 97 94
Conservatives ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 90 93 90 88 92 86 91 93 92 91 92 92 92 94 95 95 90 91

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
....................

Table 6B.2.1
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 05AUG10)