The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Attended Political Meeting 1952-2012
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'No'


  % OF GROUP: '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Males 93 ** 91 ** 90 90 90 ** 90 89 90 95 94 89 92 90 91 93 91 93 91 94 93 93 94 93 93 91 94
Females 94 ** 94 ** 93 93 92 ** 91 92 92 94 93 92 93 92 93 94 94 95 93 95 96 96 96 96 93 92 95
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Whites non-Hispanic 93 ** 93 ** 92 92 91 ** 90 91 91 94 93 90 92 91 92 93 94 94 92 94 94 96 95 95 93 92 95
Black non-Hispanic 96 ** 97 ** 88 92 92 ** 95 92 93 95 96 91 93 86 90 95 89 93 92 95 97 92 94 95 96 89 91
Hispanic ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 100 86 92 100 94 95 94 96 93 96 91 94 94 97 98 92 98 99 91 92 96
Race oth/mult non-Hisp ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 100 88 93 88 100 92 94 100 93 93 90 96 91 91 96 93 97 88 93 89 95
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 96 ** 96 ** 94 96 97 ** 96 96 97 98 97 95 95 97 97 96 97 98 96 99 97 96 97 94 91 98 94
High School Diploma 93 ** 94 ** 92 93 93 ** 92 94 93 96 96 94 95 93 94 96 96 96 96 97 98 96 97 96 97 96 96
Some College, no Degree 87 ** 88 ** 85 90 87 ** 87 82 87 91 92 88 92 88 89 93 90 93 90 93 92 95 94 96 91 90 94
College Degree/ Post-grad 87 ** 84 ** 89 82 76 ** 82 72 81 86 85 80 85 85 88 87 86 88 85 89 90 92 92 92 88 87 92
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Income 0-16 Percentile 96 ** 97 ** 96 96 96 ** 97 97 98 99 97 96 94 90 95 96 96 97 96 99 95 96 97 ** 92 89 93
Income 17-33 Percentile 95 ** 94 ** 96 94 94 ** 93 95 93 96 96 93 94 91 92 95 96 95 96 95 97 98 97 ** 95 92 96
Income 34-67 Percentile 94 ** 95 ** 91 93 94 ** 91 94 92 94 95 90 94 92 90 94 94 96 91 95 96 95 96 ** 92 93 95
Income 68-95 Percentile 90 ** 90 ** 89 88 87 ** 89 85 86 92 92 89 90 90 94 92 89 91 89 94 93 93 91 ** 91 91 94
Income 96-100 Percentile 88 ** 84 ** 85 76 78 ** 80 72 80 82 83 80 85 86 88 84 80 85 86 77 85 90 93 ** 92 90 93
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Professionals 87 ** 89 ** 87 ** 83 ** 86 82 84 90 89 84 89 84 88 89 88 90 87 91 92 92 92 ** 90 ** **
White Collar 92 ** 92 ** 89 ** 88 ** 91 89 89 94 91 90 91 89 92 92 93 95 93 95 94 97 96 ** 92 ** **
Blue Collar 94 ** 94 ** 93 ** 95 ** 93 93 94 97 97 94 96 94 93 96 96 96 95 96 97 95 97 ** 96 ** **
Unskilled 95 ** 95 ** 97 ** 94 ** 95 100 97 100 96 97 93 97 91 95 100 95 98 98 90 93 100 ** 90 ** **
Farmers 98 ** 93 ** 87 ** 93 ** 95 97 89 97 94 93 93 93 97 96 93 92 95 100 95 84 93 ** 100 ** **
Housewives 94 ** 94 ** 94 ** 93 ** 91 95 94 93 94 92 93 95 98 98 95 95 95 94 98 96 97 ** 94 ** **
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Union Households 92 ** 93 ** 91 ** 93 ** 95 93 92 94 94 93 91 91 93 94 91 96 92 94 95 92 94 92 93 91 93
Non-Union Households 94 ** 93 ** 92 ** 91 ** 90 90 91 94 94 90 93 91 92 93 93 94 92 95 95 95 95 95 93 91 95
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
South 95 ** 94 ** 94 92 91 ** 92 94 94 95 95 90 94 91 94 94 95 94 91 94 96 95 96 96 93 93 94
Nonsouth 92 ** 93 ** 91 92 91 ** 91 89 90 94 93 91 92 91 92 93 92 94 92 95 94 95 95 94 93 90 94
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 90
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 77 99 97 96 96 97 92 91 96
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 96 94 88 92 96 94 97 93 97 95 95 97 95 93 93 96
Born 1943-1958 ** ** ** ** ** ** 95 ** 91 92 90 94 94 91 93 90 91 92 92 92 90 92 94 93 93 94 92 88 94
Born 1927-1942 92 ** 95 ** 90 94 92 ** 88 88 89 91 93 88 92 92 93 94 92 92 91 94 93 95 94 93 94 94 90
Born 1911-1926 95 ** 92 ** 93 90 91 ** 91 89 92 95 94 90 91 91 93 91 94 93 94 94 97 95 98 95 94 98 100
Born 1895-1910 90 ** 93 ** 91 91 90 ** 93 94 95 95 94 93 92 92 94 97 92 98 95 97 93 100 100 100 ** ** **
Born before 1895 95 ** 94 ** 92 94 92 ** 95 97 98 100 100 92 100 100 100 100 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Democrats (incl leaners) 94 ** 92 ** 94 92 94 ** 91 91 91 94 94 91 93 90 91 92 92 93 90 96 96 95 94 93 93 89 94
Independents 96 ** 98 ** 91 94 98 ** 93 94 95 96 95 94 95 96 96 96 97 99 95 97 97 96 99 100 99 95 96
Republicans (incl leaners) 91 ** 92 ** 87 91 85 ** 90 89 89 94 92 88 90 90 93 94 92 94 93 93 92 95 95 95 91 94 94
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Liberals ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 85 91 90 87 87 90 88 91 89 90 86 93 94 93 93 95 87 83 92
Moderates ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 91 95 94 90 94 89 93 92 92 96 92 96 97 96 93 93 97 94 96
Conservatives ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 90 93 90 88 92 86 91 93 92 91 92 92 92 94 95 95 90 91 94

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
....................

Table 6B.2.1
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 26OCT15)