The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Worked for a Party or Candidate 1952-2008
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'Yes'


  % OF GROUP: '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Males 4 ** 3 ** 7 4 5 ** 5 7 4 6 4 6 3 7 5 4 3 3 3 3 3 2 4 5 3 4
Females 2 ** 3 ** 4 4 5 ** 6 7 6 4 4 5 4 5 3 3 3 2 3 3 2 2 2 3 3 5
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Whites 4 ** 3 ** 6 4 5 ** 6 7 5 5 4 6 4 6 4 4 3 3 4 3 3 2 3 3 4 4
Blacks 0 ** 1 ** 4 2 5 ** 4 7 4 1 4 6 1 7 5 3 3 4 4 2 1 0 3 5 1 5
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 1 ** 2 ** 5 2 2 ** 3 2 1 2 2 2 2 3 2 3 0 1 2 0 2 1 0 9 0 1
High School Diploma 3 ** 3 ** 5 4 3 ** 5 5 4 3 3 4 3 4 3 2 1 2 2 3 1 2 2 2 1 2
Some College, no Degree 9 ** 4 ** 5 4 9 ** 8 13 8 7 6 7 3 5 5 3 4 2 3 4 3 1 3 4 6 5
College Degree/ Post-grad 7 ** 11 ** 13 10 17 ** 9 18 10 11 10 12 6 12 7 7 8 5 6 4 5 3 4 5 4 6
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Income 0-16 Percentile 3 ** 1 ** 3 1 2 ** 2 1 2 3 2 4 3 4 3 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 2 ** 2 5
Income 17-33 Percentile 2 ** 2 ** 5 1 4 ** 5 6 4 4 3 3 1 6 3 3 2 1 2 3 1 1 2 ** 1 3
Income 34-67 Percentile 3 ** 3 ** 4 4 5 ** 6 5 4 4 2 6 4 4 4 3 2 3 4 3 2 2 4 ** 2 3
Income 68-95 Percentile 4 ** 5 ** 6 5 7 ** 8 11 8 7 6 7 4 8 4 5 6 3 4 5 5 2 5 ** 6 5
Income 96-100 Percentile 7 ** 8 ** 23 14 13 ** 8 20 10 14 17 9 11 5 7 8 4 6 5 6 2 6 2 ** 5 2
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Professionals 7 ** 7 ** 7 ** 9 ** 7 13 8 10 8 9 5 10 7 7 6 4 5 5 4 4 3 ** 5 **
White Collar 3 ** 3 ** 5 ** 9 ** 11 10 7 5 5 7 4 4 4 3 3 2 4 4 3 1 2 ** 4 **
Blue Collar 2 ** 2 ** 7 ** 3 ** 2 4 3 3 3 4 2 4 3 2 1 2 2 2 1 0 4 ** 1 **
Unskilled 0 ** 3 ** 0 ** 0 ** 5 0 9 3 3 5 5 8 5 2 0 0 4 2 4 0 0 ** 2 **
Farmers 5 ** 1 ** 6 ** 3 ** 11 5 4 5 0 5 4 7 6 2 7 6 2 0 0 0 6 ** 0 **
Housewives 3 ** 3 ** 4 ** 5 ** 5 5 5 3 4 5 4 4 2 1 3 2 4 3 2 2 1 ** 2 **
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Union Households 2 ** 4 ** 6 ** 4 ** 5 5 4 3 4 5 2 5 5 4 4 1 3 4 4 2 3 2 3 5
Non-Union Households 4 ** 3 ** 6 ** 6 ** 6 8 5 5 4 6 4 6 4 3 3 3 4 3 2 2 3 4 3 4
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
South 2 ** 3 ** 4 4 4 ** 5 4 4 4 4 5 4 6 5 2 2 3 4 4 2 1 3 3 3 4
Nonsouth 3 ** 3 ** 6 4 6 ** 6 8 6 5 5 6 3 6 4 4 4 2 3 3 3 2 3 4 3 4
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 3
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 15 0 0 2 2 1 3 4
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 4 2 6 4 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 3 2 6
Born 1943-1958 ** ** ** ** ** ** 5 ** 2 6 3 4 3 5 2 5 5 4 3 3 4 4 3 3 5 3 4 3
Born 1927-1942 3 ** 2 ** 4 3 6 ** 8 7 8 6 6 7 5 6 2 5 4 4 5 5 4 1 3 7 5 3
Born 1911-1926 4 ** 5 ** 7 5 5 ** 6 9 6 4 5 6 5 7 6 3 5 4 3 4 1 1 1 11 0 **
Born 1895-1910 3 ** 3 ** 6 4 4 ** 4 6 3 5 4 5 4 5 1 3 0 0 2 0 9 0 0 0 ** **
Born before 1895 3 ** 1 ** 3 1 6 ** 4 4 4 0 2 4 0 0 0 0 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Democrats (incl leaners) 2 ** 3 ** 4 4 3 ** 4 7 5 5 5 6 3 6 5 4 4 2 4 3 2 1 2 4 4 5
Independents 6 ** 1 ** 4 2 1 ** 4 3 2 2 3 2 1 3 3 1 2 1 3 0 1 1 1 0 0 1
Republicans (incl leaners) 5 ** 5 ** 9 4 10 ** 9 9 6 6 5 8 6 5 3 3 3 3 3 4 2 3 4 4 3 3
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Liberals ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 10 6 7 8 5 8 5 6 5 4 6 3 4 1 4 6 7 9
Moderates ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 5 4 6 7 3 7 3 3 3 1 3 2 2 2 2 2 1 2
Conservatives ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 5 6 6 7 5 8 5 4 5 4 4 5 3 2 5 5 4 4

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
....................

Table 6B.3.2
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 05AUG10)