The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Wore a Button or Put a Sticker on the Car 1956-2012
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'No'


  % OF GROUP: '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Males 81 ** 80 87 83 ** 84 91 86 93 93 91 93 92 90 92 91 92 88 93 90 93 88 90 78 83 85
Females 87 ** 79 93 84 ** 86 91 86 95 92 92 93 92 92 93 92 94 89 93 90 94 91 91 81 81 86
  '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Whites non-Hispanic 84 ** 78 90 84 ** 86 91 86 94 92 92 93 92 91 92 92 93 89 93 90 94 89 91 79 84 87
Black non-Hispanic 94 ** 91 90 78 ** 80 88 84 98 92 83 96 90 88 92 89 91 89 90 90 95 86 88 79 69 71
Hispanic ** ** ** ** ** ** 79 93 81 100 100 91 92 96 93 95 90 95 89 95 93 92 95 95 84 84 87
Race oth/mult non-Hisp ** ** ** ** ** ** 75 88 93 100 100 96 100 91 95 100 90 92 90 91 89 89 93 88 88 82 86
  '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 89 ** 86 92 91 ** 91 96 93 96 96 93 97 94 95 94 97 96 96 96 96 92 93 85 87 92 88
High School Diploma 84 ** 76 90 83 ** 85 92 87 95 93 92 94 93 92 94 93 94 91 94 92 93 90 90 80 85 86
Some College, no Degree 83 ** 73 90 78 ** 80 81 80 95 91 89 92 91 89 93 90 91 87 92 88 95 92 91 77 82 84
College Degree/ Post-grad 74 ** 80 90 76 ** 80 84 78 90 87 89 91 91 89 89 87 93 84 90 87 93 86 91 79 77 86
  '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Income 0-16 Percentile 93 ** 89 95 88 ** 95 95 93 97 95 93 94 93 90 94 94 95 90 96 91 94 93 ** 77 85 85
Income 17-33 Percentile 88 ** 88 95 84 ** 87 94 90 95 94 89 95 94 89 94 93 94 94 90 92 96 87 ** 83 82 82
Income 34-67 Percentile 85 ** 77 89 83 ** 80 94 86 95 92 92 95 94 92 92 90 94 87 94 92 94 92 ** 82 82 86
Income 68-95 Percentile 78 ** 73 88 81 ** 83 85 81 92 91 91 90 90 90 91 90 92 85 93 87 91 85 ** 73 82 85
Income 96-100 Percentile 73 ** 76 84 77 ** 86 83 77 91 85 89 88 93 91 87 91 95 91 81 84 94 89 ** 76 73 87
  '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Professionals 79 ** 77 ** 82 ** 83 87 81 92 91 89 92 90 87 90 90 92 85 91 90 91 87 ** 79 ** **
White Collar 80 ** 73 ** 77 ** 82 90 81 96 90 92 91 91 91 91 90 95 89 94 87 95 92 ** 78 ** **
Blue Collar 83 ** 81 ** 85 ** 87 91 88 95 94 92 94 92 93 94 93 93 91 95 92 94 90 ** 79 ** **
Unskilled 85 ** 91 ** 81 ** 79 100 91 97 94 86 95 95 89 98 98 88 90 87 98 88 86 ** 82 ** **
Farmers 94 ** 86 ** 89 ** 83 97 95 97 92 91 93 93 92 95 93 92 96 95 86 71 87 ** 87 ** **
Housewives 87 ** 79 ** 84 ** 86 93 90 96 94 93 96 96 93 96 93 96 90 93 91 94 93 ** 80 ** **
  '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Union Households 80 ** 76 ** 81 ** 83 89 83 93 91 90 94 92 91 92 90 96 86 94 89 92 89 89 75 77 83
Non-Union Households 86 ** 80 ** 84 ** 86 91 87 95 93 92 93 92 91 93 92 93 89 93 90 94 90 91 80 83 86
  '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
South 91 ** 83 93 81 ** 84 92 91 96 94 89 93 93 91 93 92 92 88 93 91 94 91 93 78 85 84
Nonsouth 82 ** 78 89 84 ** 85 90 84 94 92 92 94 92 91 92 91 94 89 93 90 93 89 90 80 81 86
  '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 85
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 92 90 95 95 92 97 77 82 88
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 89 85 92 90 95 91 96 89 96 91 96 91 93 78 82 87
Born 1943-1958 ** ** ** ** 81 ** 87 87 81 92 92 90 93 92 89 92 92 93 86 91 89 91 88 90 80 80 83
Born 1927-1942 84 ** 74 91 80 ** 80 88 83 96 92 91 94 94 90 90 89 90 90 92 90 93 88 83 83 84 81
Born 1911-1926 83 ** 76 89 81 ** 83 92 88 95 92 92 94 92 93 94 92 93 92 92 90 92 91 82 80 89 86
Born 1895-1910 84 ** 83 90 89 ** 92 95 93 96 95 96 98 89 94 93 94 100 98 100 91 100 100 100 ** ** **
Born before 1895 90 ** 89 93 93 ** 97 99 100 100 97 96 100 100 100 100 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Democrats (incl leaners) 87 ** 80 90 84 ** 86 89 85 93 92 90 94 91 89 92 90 92 87 93 92 94 91 89 80 78 82
Independents 92 ** 91 99 92 ** 92 93 90 97 96 97 96 97 96 95 96 98 92 97 95 96 97 95 88 89 93
Republicans (incl leaners) 79 ** 73 88 81 ** 82 92 86 96 91 91 91 93 91 93 91 93 90 91 87 93 86 93 77 85 86
  '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Liberals ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 75 91 88 84 93 92 87 90 88 91 82 90 90 93 85 89 73 72 81
Moderates ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 87 96 92 92 94 92 92 93 90 94 90 94 92 94 90 90 84 87 87
Conservatives ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 85 94 91 92 93 90 89 91 91 92 87 91 86 93 88 91 77 82 85

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
....................

Table 6B.4.1
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 26OCT15)