The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Gave Money to Help a Campaign 1952-2008
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'No'


  % OF GROUP: '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Males 94 ** 89 ** 89 90 88 90 89 ** 88 89 79 85 91 89 91 89 90 93 91 93 90 93 89 85 87 87
Females 97 ** 91 ** 88 91 91 93 92 ** 91 93 87 89 93 93 93 91 92 94 94 95 94 93 93 93 87 87
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Whites 95 ** 90 ** 88 90 89 91 91 ** 89 91 83 87 91 90 91 89 90 93 91 93 91 92 91 89 85 86
Blacks 99 ** 98 ** 91 94 93 95 94 ** 91 96 92 93 99 95 97 95 94 95 98 95 97 97 94 92 93 90
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 98 ** 95 ** 95 97 98 96 94 ** 97 97 95 96 97 97 98 98 98 98 98 98 97 96 92 87 100 97
High School Diploma 97 ** 90 ** 88 90 91 93 93 ** 93 94 87 90 96 95 96 94 96 96 96 97 96 96 94 92 92 95
Some College, no Degree 88 ** 86 ** 87 90 81 85 89 ** 84 88 81 85 88 92 90 89 88 94 93 93 92 94 93 90 88 90
College Degree/ Post-grad 83 ** 78 ** 74 79 73 83 79 ** 72 79 64 74 82 75 81 79 80 82 84 87 85 85 84 84 78 73
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Income 0-16 Percentile 99 ** 99 ** 97 96 97 98 97 ** 98 98 97 96 97 98 99 97 98 97 97 99 97 96 99 ** 91 92
Income 17-33 Percentile 97 ** 94 ** 95 94 93 97 95 ** 97 96 89 93 97 95 96 97 96 97 96 97 97 98 93 ** 94 93
Income 34-67 Percentile 98 ** 93 ** 94 92 93 92 91 ** 92 94 85 89 93 93 93 93 93 95 94 95 94 96 93 ** 89 90
Income 68-95 Percentile 93 ** 83 ** 81 86 83 90 89 ** 82 85 75 81 89 86 89 82 84 90 90 92 88 89 86 ** 84 82
Income 96-100 Percentile 83 ** 69 ** 52 71 69 66 70 ** 65 65 66 68 68 73 79 72 64 71 76 65 74 82 81 ** 69 66
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Professionals 86 ** 82 ** 78 ** 77 ** 86 ** 79 85 74 77 87 81 85 81 85 87 88 89 86 87 87 ** 80 **
White Collar 94 ** 91 ** 83 ** 87 ** 89 ** 89 93 81 88 91 91 92 91 91 95 92 93 91 95 91 ** 86 **
Blue Collar 97 ** 92 ** 91 ** 94 ** 95 ** 94 94 87 92 96 96 96 94 97 97 96 97 97 96 94 ** 93 **
Unskilled 99 ** 94 ** 100 ** 100 ** 89 ** 91 97 89 93 93 97 98 96 100 98 94 98 99 93 97 ** 98 **
Farmers 99 ** 93 ** 99 ** 92 ** 91 ** 96 93 95 89 90 89 95 96 87 93 94 93 93 100 92 ** 96 **
Housewives 98 ** 91 ** 91 ** 92 ** 92 ** 92 94 87 89 93 93 95 92 92 91 94 95 95 92 92 ** 89 **
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Union Households 97 ** 89 ** 88 ** 90 93 94 ** 92 90 84 86 92 92 90 89 91 96 95 95 94 94 90 89 82 85
Non-Union Households 96 ** 91 ** 89 ** 89 91 90 ** 89 92 84 88 92 91 93 90 91 93 92 93 92 93 91 89 89 87
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
South 98 ** 94 ** 92 93 91 97 92 ** 94 94 90 89 94 92 94 92 96 95 93 94 94 94 91 88 89 88
Nonsouth 95 ** 89 ** 87 90 89 90 91 ** 88 91 82 87 91 90 92 89 89 93 93 94 91 92 92 90 87 87
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 92
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 92 99 100 100 98 95 96 88
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 97 97 97 98 96 96 98 97 97 96 97 96 93 92 84
Born 1943-1958 ** ** ** ** ** ** 95 94 96 ** 91 94 85 90 93 92 92 92 93 91 92 92 92 91 87 87 83 82
Born 1927-1942 97 ** 95 ** 88 94 89 93 92 ** 86 88 79 84 89 89 91 83 88 90 89 91 88 87 88 83 79 82
Born 1911-1926 97 ** 89 ** 89 89 88 88 89 ** 88 91 80 85 91 88 89 88 86 92 90 90 88 92 85 78 83 **
Born 1895-1910 95 ** 88 ** 87 90 91 91 89 ** 93 92 92 89 93 92 94 92 91 98 97 91 72 93 100 43 ** **
Born before 1895 96 ** 94 ** 91 91 90 99 93 ** 96 98 94 100 90 67 100 100 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Democrats (incl leaners) 96 ** 90 ** 93 91 93 94 93 ** 90 93 85 89 95 92 92 91 93 93 93 95 94 93 92 91 88 85
Independents 96 ** 94 ** 93 93 97 94 95 ** 95 95 88 94 98 97 97 96 97 99 95 98 98 98 96 98 97 96
Republicans (incl leaners) 95 ** 88 ** 81 88 80 86 87 ** 87 89 80 80 85 87 91 87 88 92 91 90 89 92 88 86 84 87
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Liberals ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 81 91 77 85 87 84 86 87 90 88 89 92 89 89 90 91 82 78
Moderates ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 91 92 83 88 94 92 92 90 92 94 93 95 96 94 94 92 93 92
Conservatives ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 87 85 78 81 87 85 90 86 86 90 90 90 88 92 89 85 81 84

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
....................

Table 6B.5.1
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 05AUG10)