The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Gave Money to Help a Campaign 1952-2008
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'Yes'


  % OF GROUP: '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Males 6 ** 11 ** 11 10 12 10 11 ** 12 11 21 15 9 11 9 11 10 7 9 7 10 7 11 15 13 13
Females 3 ** 9 ** 12 9 9 7 8 ** 9 7 13 11 7 7 7 9 8 6 6 5 6 7 7 7 13 13
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Whites 5 ** 11 ** 12 10 11 9 9 ** 11 9 17 13 9 10 9 11 10 7 9 7 9 8 9 11 15 14
Blacks 1 ** 2 ** 9 6 7 5 6 ** 9 4 8 7 1 5 3 5 6 5 2 5 3 3 6 8 7 10
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 2 ** 5 ** 5 3 2 4 6 ** 3 3 5 4 3 3 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 4 8 13 0 3
High School Diploma 3 ** 10 ** 12 10 9 7 7 ** 7 6 13 10 4 5 4 6 4 4 4 3 4 4 6 8 8 5
Some College, no Degree 12 ** 14 ** 13 10 19 15 11 ** 16 12 19 15 12 8 10 11 12 6 7 7 8 6 7 10 12 10
College Degree/ Post-grad 17 ** 22 ** 26 21 27 17 21 ** 28 21 36 26 18 25 19 21 20 18 16 13 15 15 16 16 22 27
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Income 0-16 Percentile 1 ** 1 ** 3 4 3 2 3 ** 2 2 3 4 3 2 1 3 2 3 3 1 3 4 1 ** 9 8
Income 17-33 Percentile 3 ** 6 ** 5 6 7 3 5 ** 3 4 11 7 3 5 4 3 4 3 4 3 3 2 7 ** 6 7
Income 34-67 Percentile 2 ** 7 ** 6 8 7 8 9 ** 8 6 15 11 7 7 7 7 7 5 6 5 6 4 7 ** 11 10
Income 68-95 Percentile 7 ** 17 ** 19 14 17 10 11 ** 18 15 25 19 11 14 11 18 16 10 10 8 12 11 14 ** 16 18
Income 96-100 Percentile 17 ** 31 ** 48 29 31 34 30 ** 35 35 34 32 32 27 21 28 36 29 24 35 26 18 19 ** 31 34
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Professionals 14 ** 18 ** 22 ** 23 ** 14 ** 21 15 26 23 13 19 15 19 15 13 12 11 14 13 13 ** 20 **
White Collar 6 ** 9 ** 17 ** 13 ** 11 ** 11 7 19 12 9 9 8 10 9 5 8 7 9 5 9 ** 14 **
Blue Collar 3 ** 8 ** 9 ** 6 ** 5 ** 6 6 13 8 4 4 4 6 3 3 4 3 3 4 6 ** 7 **
Unskilled 1 ** 6 ** 0 ** 0 ** 11 ** 9 3 11 7 8 3 2 4 0 2 6 2 1 7 3 ** 2 **
Farmers 1 ** 7 ** 1 ** 8 ** 9 ** 4 7 5 11 10 11 5 4 13 7 6 7 7 0 8 ** 4 **
Housewives 2 ** 9 ** 9 ** 8 ** 8 ** 8 6 13 11 7 7 5 8 8 9 6 5 5 8 8 ** 11 **
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Union Households 3 ** 11 ** 12 ** 10 7 6 ** 8 10 16 14 8 8 10 11 9 5 5 5 6 6 10 11 18 15
Non-Union Households 4 ** 9 ** 11 ** 11 9 10 ** 11 8 16 12 8 9 7 10 9 7 8 7 8 7 9 11 11 13
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
South 2 ** 6 ** 8 7 9 3 8 ** 6 6 10 11 6 8 6 8 4 5 7 6 6 6 9 12 11 12
Nonsouth 5 ** 11 ** 13 10 11 10 9 ** 12 9 18 13 9 10 8 11 11 7 7 6 9 8 8 10 13 13
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 8
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 8 1 0 0 2 5 4 12
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 3 3 3 2 4 4 2 3 3 4 3 4 7 8 16
Born 1943-1958 ** ** ** ** ** ** 5 6 4 ** 9 6 15 10 7 8 8 8 7 9 8 8 8 9 13 13 17 18
Born 1927-1942 3 ** 5 ** 12 6 11 7 8 ** 14 12 21 16 11 11 9 17 12 10 11 9 12 13 12 17 21 18
Born 1911-1926 3 ** 11 ** 11 11 12 12 11 ** 12 9 20 15 9 12 11 12 14 8 10 10 12 8 15 22 17 **
Born 1895-1910 5 ** 12 ** 13 10 9 9 11 ** 7 8 8 11 7 8 6 8 9 2 3 9 28 7 0 57 ** **
Born before 1895 4 ** 6 ** 9 9 10 1 7 ** 4 2 6 0 10 33 0 0 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Democrats (incl leaners) 4 ** 10 ** 7 9 7 6 7 ** 10 7 15 11 5 8 8 9 7 7 7 5 6 7 8 9 12 15
Independents 4 ** 6 ** 7 7 3 6 5 ** 5 5 12 6 2 3 3 4 3 1 5 2 2 2 4 2 3 4
Republicans (incl leaners) 5 ** 12 ** 19 12 20 14 13 ** 13 11 20 20 15 13 9 13 12 8 9 10 11 8 12 14 16 13
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Liberals ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 19 9 23 15 13 16 14 13 10 12 11 8 11 11 10 9 18 22
Moderates ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 10 8 17 12 6 8 8 10 8 6 7 5 4 6 6 8 7 8
Conservatives ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 13 15 22 19 13 15 10 14 14 10 10 10 12 8 11 15 19 16

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
....................

Table 6B.5.2
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 05AUG10)