The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Contacted to Register or Vote 1984-2012
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'Yes'


  % OF GROUP: '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Males 34 33 35 29 37 26 39 26 43 51 ** 46 44
Females 33 31 32 30 37 33 37 28 44 51 ** 45 47
  '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Whites non-Hispanic 32 31 32 28 36 29 37 27 41 49 ** 47 42
Black non-Hispanic 38 39 45 36 41 27 45 31 57 58 ** 41 65
Hispanic 42 34 37 25 42 37 37 28 48 62 ** 38 49
Race oth/mult non-Hisp 22 33 29 41 41 44 40 17 49 54 ** 45 48
  '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 13 19 26 14 23 25 31 16 25 37 ** 31 43
High School Diploma 32 28 31 29 34 26 33 27 40 47 ** 36 45
Some College, no Degree 41 39 38 37 44 36 47 31 52 54 ** 49 49
College Degree/ Post-grad 38 39 37 32 40 33 37 27 46 56 ** 57 43
  '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Income 0-16 Percentile 34 31 28 28 34 22 36 24 35 ** ** 40 49
Income 17-33 Percentile 33 29 28 28 36 30 42 26 48 ** ** 43 51
Income 34-67 Percentile 35 30 35 29 38 31 36 31 43 ** ** 44 46
Income 68-95 Percentile 34 36 37 33 42 32 41 27 49 ** ** 51 41
Income 96-100 Percentile 34 43 44 38 34 35 32 24 34 ** ** 56 47
  '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Professionals 35 38 37 31 38 28 39 28 49 ** ** ** **
White Collar 35 31 37 34 37 35 36 29 42 ** ** ** **
Blue Collar 31 30 29 27 38 29 34 21 40 ** ** ** **
Unskilled 41 32 38 25 29 29 39 29 38 ** ** ** **
Farmers 23 25 31 14 22 15 55 29 53 ** ** ** **
Housewives 29 25 29 30 35 30 32 29 40 ** ** ** **
  '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Union Households 36 34 40 33 40 33 41 31 52 58 ** 49 48
Non-Union Households 33 31 32 29 36 29 37 27 43 50 ** 45 45
  '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
South 31 27 28 25 34 26 35 22 40 44 ** 47 49
Nonsouth 34 34 36 31 38 32 40 30 46 54 ** 44 44
  '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 64
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** 85 29 61 32 66 58 ** 41 45
Born 1959-1974 50 38 39 33 43 33 39 27 41 54 ** 45 41
Born 1943-1958 38 32 36 33 41 27 36 26 41 48 ** 52 46
Born 1927-1942 28 34 31 24 29 32 35 32 42 45 ** 45 51
Born 1911-1926 22 27 30 24 28 25 34 21 33 43 ** 25 67
Born 1895-1910 13 12 19 16 23 30 22 15 23 25 ** ** **
Born before 1895 0 0 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Democrats (incl leaners) 36 34 33 33 39 32 37 29 46 53 ** 43 51
Independents 27 24 30 21 33 25 34 19 39 44 ** 24 40
Republicans (incl leaners) 32 32 36 28 35 29 39 28 43 51 ** 55 42
  '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Liberals 40 40 36 37 47 34 42 30 47 55 ** 54 50
Moderates 35 30 33 28 35 32 36 30 51 51 ** 41 46
Conservatives 32 35 38 32 36 33 42 27 43 53 ** 57 43

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
....................

Table 6C.2.1
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 26OCT15)