The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

How to Use                                                                                            List of Tables



Contacted to Register or Vote 1984-2012
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'No'


  % OF GROUP: '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Males 66 67 65 71 63 74 61 74 57 49 ** 54 56
Females 67 69 68 70 63 67 63 72 56 49 ** 55 53
  '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Whites non-Hispanic 68 70 68 72 64 71 63 73 59 51 ** 53 58
Black non-Hispanic 62 61 55 64 59 73 55 69 43 42 ** 59 35
Hispanic 58 66 63 75 58 63 63 72 52 38 ** 62 51
Race oth/mult non-Hisp 78 68 71 59 59 56 60 83 51 46 ** 55 52
  '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 87 81 74 86 77 75 69 84 75 63 ** 69 57
High School Diploma 68 72 69 72 66 74 67 73 60 53 ** 64 55
Some College, no Degree 59 61 62 63 56 64 53 69 48 46 ** 51 51
College Degree/ Post-grad 62 61 63 68 60 67 63 73 54 44 ** 43 57
  '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Income 0-16 Percentile 66 69 72 72 66 78 64 76 65 ** ** 60 51
Income 17-33 Percentile 67 71 72 72 64 70 58 74 52 ** ** 57 49
Income 34-67 Percentile 65 70 65 71 62 69 64 69 57 ** ** 56 54
Income 68-95 Percentile 66 64 63 67 58 68 59 73 51 ** ** 49 59
Income 96-100 Percentile 66 57 56 62 66 65 68 76 66 ** ** 44 53
  '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Professionals 65 62 63 69 62 72 61 72 51 ** ** ** **
White Collar 65 69 63 66 63 65 64 71 58 ** ** ** **
Blue Collar 69 70 71 73 62 71 66 79 60 ** ** ** **
Unskilled 59 68 62 75 71 71 61 71 62 ** ** ** **
Farmers 77 75 69 86 78 85 45 71 47 ** ** ** **
Housewives 71 75 71 70 65 70 68 71 60 ** ** ** **
  '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Union Households 64 66 60 67 60 67 59 69 48 42 ** 51 52
Non-Union Households 68 69 68 71 64 71 63 73 57 50 ** 55 55
  '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
South 69 73 72 75 66 74 65 78 60 56 ** 53 51
Nonsouth 66 66 64 69 62 68 60 70 54 46 ** 56 56
  '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 36
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** 15 71 39 68 34 42 ** 59 55
Born 1959-1974 51 62 61 67 57 67 61 73 59 46 ** 55 59
Born 1943-1958 62 68 64 67 59 73 64 74 59 52 ** 48 54
Born 1927-1942 72 66 69 76 71 68 65 68 58 55 ** 55 49
Born 1911-1926 78 73 70 76 72 75 66 79 67 57 ** 75 33
Born 1895-1910 87 88 81 84 77 70 78 85 77 75 ** ** **
Born before 1895 100 100 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Democrats (incl leaners) 64 66 68 67 61 68 63 71 54 47 ** 57 49
Independents 73 76 70 79 67 75 66 81 61 56 ** 76 60
Republicans (incl leaners) 68 68 64 72 65 71 61 72 57 49 ** 45 58
  '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Liberals 60 60 64 63 53 66 58 71 53 45 ** 46 50
Moderates 65 70 67 72 65 68 64 70 49 49 ** 59 54
Conservatives 68 65 62 68 64 67 58 73 57 47 ** 43 57

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
....................

Table 6C.2.2
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 26OCT15)