The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Average Feeling Thermometer Toward Vice-Presidential Candidates 1968-2012
AVERAGE AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS FOR:      DEMOCRATIC CANDIDATE


  AVG. OF GROUP: '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Males 60 ** 48 ** 51 ** 53 ** 55 ** 54 ** 55 ** 54 ** 54 ** 53 52 46
Females 62 ** 52 ** 55 ** 55 ** 59 ** 52 ** 59 ** 60 ** 57 ** 57 56 49
  '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
White non-Hispanic 60 ** 48 ** 53 ** 54 ** 55 ** 52 ** 56 ** 55 ** 56 ** 53 51 42
Black non-Hispanic 70 ** 70 ** 58 ** 56 ** 73 ** 54 ** 62 ** 66 ** 60 ** 65 71 75
Hispanic 62 ** 48 ** 57 ** 55 ** 64 ** 60 ** 60 ** 64 ** 52 ** 58 58 54
Race oth/mult non-Hisp 53 ** 54 ** 48 ** 51 ** 56 ** 56 ** 60 ** 60 ** 57 ** 55 53 48
  '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 59 ** 53 ** 55 ** 58 ** 59 ** 57 ** 56 ** 66 ** 54 ** 61 58 49
High School Diploma 62 ** 50 ** 55 ** 54 ** 56 ** 51 ** 57 ** 58 ** 52 ** 56 53 48
Some College, no Degree 60 ** 48 ** 52 ** 53 ** 56 ** 54 ** 57 ** 56 ** 58 ** 55 53 46
College Degree/ Post-grad 64 ** 50 ** 49 ** 55 ** 61 ** 55 ** 57 ** 57 ** 59 ** 54 55 48
  '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Income 0-16 Percentile 60 ** 54 ** 58 ** 59 ** 63 ** 51 ** 59 ** 62 ** 56 ** 60 57 49
Income 17-33 Percentile 59 ** 53 ** 59 ** 56 ** 60 ** 56 ** 59 ** 59 ** 55 ** 59 59 51
Income 34-67 Percentile 61 ** 51 ** 54 ** 54 ** 56 ** 52 ** 58 ** 57 ** 53 ** 56 54 47
Income 68-95 Percentile 63 ** 47 ** 50 ** 51 ** 56 ** 54 ** 56 ** 55 ** 58 ** 54 49 45
Income 96-100 Percentile 63 ** 44 ** 45 ** 51 ** 57 ** 51 ** 55 ** 51 ** 58 ** 46 51 48
  '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Professionals 61 ** 47 ** 50 ** 54 ** 59 ** 54 ** 58 ** 57 ** 59 ** 56 ** **
White Collar 63 ** 51 ** 53 ** 54 ** 56 ** 54 ** 56 ** 58 ** 55 ** 55 ** **
Blue Collar 60 ** 52 ** 55 ** 54 ** 58 ** 51 ** 59 ** 59 ** 53 ** 56 ** **
Unskilled 66 ** 52 ** 54 ** 52 ** 56 ** 57 ** 53 ** 46 ** 56 ** 60 ** **
Farmers 55 ** 49 ** 52 ** 58 ** 47 ** 55 ** 44 ** 54 ** 49 ** 47 ** **
Housewives 62 ** 49 ** 54 ** 54 ** 54 ** 53 ** 58 ** 56 ** 54 ** 48 ** **
  '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Union Households 64 ** 52 ** 56 ** 55 ** 59 ** 54 ** 59 ** 61 ** 57 ** 59 54 51
Non-Union Households 60 ** 49 ** 52 ** 54 ** 57 ** 53 ** 57 ** 57 ** 56 ** 54 54 47
  '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
South 56 ** 49 ** 54 ** 55 ** 58 ** 57 ** 58 ** 58 ** 53 ** 53 51 46
Nonsouth 63 ** 50 ** 53 ** 54 ** 57 ** 51 ** 57 ** 57 ** 57 ** 56 56 48
  '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 52
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 48 ** 57 ** 53 ** 58 54 49
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** 52 ** 57 ** 52 ** 56 ** 56 ** 53 ** 54 53 48
Born 1943-1958 61 ** 53 ** 54 ** 52 ** 57 ** 52 ** 55 ** 58 ** 55 ** 53 53 47
Born 1927-1942 62 ** 50 ** 51 ** 52 ** 59 ** 54 ** 58 ** 59 ** 59 ** 55 54 43
Born 1911-1926 62 ** 49 ** 53 ** 56 ** 57 ** 54 ** 62 ** 62 ** 63 ** 68 56 46
Born 1895-1910 59 ** 49 ** 57 ** 61 ** 51 ** 57 ** 57 ** 57 ** 66 ** ** ** **
Born before 1895 61 ** 43 ** 45 ** 62 ** 40 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Democrats (incl leaners) 67 ** 59 ** 60 ** 61 ** 68 ** 59 ** 67 ** 68 ** 64 ** 68 65 68
Independents & Apolitical 57 ** 45 ** 51 ** 51 ** 55 ** 49 ** 54 ** 53 ** 49 ** 52 52 45
Republicans (incl leaners) 53 ** 39 ** 44 ** 46 ** 44 ** 48 ** 46 ** 44 ** 47 ** 41 41 24
  '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Liberals ** ** 62 ** 61 ** 62 ** 68 ** 57 ** 67 ** 69 ** 63 ** 70 66 68
Moderates ** ** 51 ** 55 ** 58 ** 60 ** 55 ** 60 ** 61 ** 58 ** 57 55 52
Conservatives ** ** 41 ** 43 ** 47 ** 48 ** 50 ** 49 ** 46 ** 51 ** 42 43 29

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group


table 7A.3.1
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table

(Table generated: 04NOV15)