The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Has Republican Presidential Candidate Made Respondent Feel Hopeful 1980-2012
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'No, Haven't Felt'


  % OF GROUP: '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Males 50 ** 38 ** 61 ** 50 ** 62 ** 53 ** 43 53 59
Females 54 ** 41 ** 61 ** 53 ** 68 ** 60 ** 46 56 61
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Whites non-Hispanic 47 ** 35 ** 57 ** 47 ** 61 ** 53 ** 38 49 52
Black non-Hispanic 83 ** 67 ** 77 ** 72 ** 87 ** 77 ** 70 83 90
Hispanic 60 ** 44 ** 67 ** 58 ** 70 ** 59 ** 52 63 75
Race oth/mult non-Hisp 63 ** 45 ** 77 ** 55 ** 69 ** 55 ** 47 59 66
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 68 ** 60 ** 68 ** 62 ** 71 ** 62 ** 67 58 70
High School Diploma 53 ** 42 ** 64 ** 55 ** 71 ** 59 ** 45 61 64
Some College, no Degree 47 ** 31 ** 57 ** 47 ** 63 ** 57 ** 41 53 58
College Degree/ Post-grad 44 ** 33 ** 54 ** 47 ** 55 ** 51 ** 45 47 57
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Income 0-16 Percentile 63 ** 52 ** 68 ** 64 ** 75 ** 66 ** 54 68 72
Income 17-33 Percentile 56 ** 50 ** 60 ** 55 ** 75 ** 57 ** 52 62 64
Income 34-67 Percentile 51 ** 36 ** 61 ** 49 ** 66 ** 56 ** 41 57 59
Income 68-95 Percentile 45 ** 33 ** 55 ** 46 ** 56 ** 56 ** 37 43 54
Income 96-100 Percentile 32 ** 18 ** 47 ** 42 ** 43 ** 39 ** 40 35 50
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Professionals 47 ** 30 ** 59 ** 46 ** 58 ** 53 ** 48 ** **
White Collar 50 ** 38 ** 56 ** 50 ** 68 ** 57 ** 39 ** **
Blue Collar 58 ** 47 ** 64 ** 55 ** 70 ** 59 ** 47 ** **
Unskilled 58 ** 50 ** 57 ** 65 ** 63 ** 51 ** 44 ** **
Farmers 42 ** 39 ** 69 ** 50 ** 66 ** 56 ** 37 ** **
Housewives 49 ** 38 ** 61 ** 55 ** 58 ** 59 ** 39 ** **
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Union Households 58 ** 46 ** 65 ** 57 ** 72 ** 60 ** 52 58 65
Non-Union Households 50 ** 38 ** 60 ** 51 ** 64 ** 56 ** 43 54 59
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
South 52 ** 43 ** 59 ** 52 ** 69 ** 51 ** 43 49 56
Nonsouth 52 ** 39 ** 62 ** 51 ** 63 ** 59 ** 45 59 62
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 71
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** 77 ** 78 ** 70 ** 54 66 68
Born 1959-1974 58 ** 41 ** 61 ** 51 ** 71 ** 54 ** 40 55 62
Born 1943-1958 56 ** 36 ** 61 ** 49 ** 61 ** 53 ** 40 50 54
Born 1927-1942 44 ** 37 ** 60 ** 50 ** 61 ** 56 ** 47 42 46
Born 1911-1926 51 ** 46 ** 59 ** 55 ** 62 ** 58 ** 52 46 48
Born 1895-1910 51 ** 44 ** 64 ** 66 ** 41 ** 55 ** ** ** **
Born before 1895 67 ** 50 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Democrats (incl leaners) 69 ** 59 ** 79 ** 65 ** 85 ** 78 ** 70 76 88
Independents 59 ** 45 ** 70 ** 61 ** 79 ** 63 ** 52 64 73
Republicans (incl leaners) 22 ** 15 ** 37 ** 30 ** 35 ** 25 ** 12 23 22
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Liberals 68 ** 54 ** 77 ** 64 ** 84 ** 82 ** 71 74 87
Moderates 50 ** 38 ** 62 ** 52 ** 69 ** 60 ** 50 57 71
Conservatives 30 ** 21 ** 45 ** 36 ** 39 ** 38 ** 19 25 30

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
....................

Table 7B.7.2
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 02NOV15)